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  1. Italy - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Vitelliu

    Through a complex series of events, southern Italy developed as a unified kingdom, first under the House of Hohenstaufen, then under the Capetian House of Anjou and, from the 15th century, the House of Aragon.

  2. Malta - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Repubblika_ta&

    For a brief period, the kingdom passed to the Capetian House of Anjou, but high taxes made the dynasty unpopular in Malta, due in part to Charles of Anjou's war against the Republic of Genoa, and the island of Gozo was sacked in 1275.

  3. France - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Franzoesische_Republik

    France is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban areas include Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice. France, including its overseas territories, has the most time zones of any country, with a total of twelve.

  4. Himara - Unionpedia, the concept map

    en.unionpedia.org › Himara

    The Capetian House of Anjou was a royal house and cadet branch of the direct French House of Capet, part of the Capetian dynasty.

  5. Albania - Unionpedia, the concept map

    en.unionpedia.org › Albania

    Charles I (early 1226/12277 January 1285), commonly called Charles of Anjou, was a member of the royal Capetian dynasty and the founder of the second House of Anjou. New!!: Albania and Charles I of Anjou · See more » Cherry. A cherry is the fruit of many plants of the genus Prunus, and is a fleshy drupe (stone fruit). New!!:

  6. Italy - Unionpedia, the concept map

    en.unionpedia.org › Italy

    Capetian House of Anjou. The Capetian House of Anjou was a royal house and cadet branch of the direct French House of Capet, part of the Capetian dynasty. New!!: Italy and Capetian House of Anjou · See more » Capitalism. Capitalism is an economic system based upon private ownership of the means of production and their operation for profit. New!!:

  7. Franz Joseph I of Austria — Wikipedia Republished // WIKI 2

    wiki2.org › en › Franz_Joseph_I_of_Austria
    • Early Life
    • Domestic Policy
    • Foreign Policy
    • Outbreak of World War I
    • Death
    • Family
    • Name
    • Titles, Styles and Honours
    • Legacy
    • Personal Motto

    Franz Joseph was born in the Schönbrunn Palace in Vi­enna, the el­dest son of Arch­duke Franz Karl (the younger son of Holy Roman Em­peror Fran­cis II), and his wife Princess So­phie of Bavaria. Be­cause his uncle, from 1835 the Em­peror Fer­di­nand, was weak-minded, and his fa­ther un­am­bi­tious and re­tir­ing, the young Arch­duke "Franzl" was brought up by his mother as a fu­ture Em­peror with em­pha­sis on de­vo­tion, re­spon­si­bil­ity and dili­gence. Franzl came to idolise his grand­fa­ther, der Gute Kaiser Franz, who had died shortly be­fore the for­mer's fifth birth­day, as the ideal monarch. At the age of thir­teen, Franzl started a ca­reer as a colonel in the Aus­trian army. From that point on­ward, his fash­ion was dic­tated by army style and for the rest of his life he nor­mally wore the uni­form of a mil­i­tary officer. Franz Joseph was soon joined by three younger broth­ers: Arch­duke Fer­di­nand Max­i­m­il­ian (born 1832, the fu­ture Em­peror Max­i­m­il­ian of Mex­ico...

    Under the guid­ance of the new prime min­is­ter Prince Schwarzen­berg, the new em­peror at first pur­sued a cau­tious course, grant­ing a con­sti­tu­tion in early 1849. At the same time, a mil­i­tary cam­paign was nec­es­sary against the Hun­gar­i­ans, who had re­belled against Hab­s­burg cen­tral au­thor­ity in the name of their an­cient lib­er­ties. Franz Joseph was also al­most im­me­di­ately faced with a re­newal of the fight­ing in Italy, with King Charles Al­bert of Sar­dinia tak­ing ad­van­tage of set­backs in Hun­gary to re­sume the war in March 1849. How­ever, the mil­i­tary tide began to swiftly turn in favor of Franz Joseph and the Aus­trian white­coats. Al­most im­me­di­ately, Charles Al­bert was de­ci­sively beaten by Radet­zky at No­vara and forced to sue for peace, as well as to re­nounce his throne. In Hun­gary, the sit­u­a­tion was more se­vere and Aus­trian de­feat seemed im­mi­nent. Sens­ing a need to se­cure his right to rule, Franz Joseph sought help from Rus­si...

    The German question

    The main for­eign pol­icy goal of Franz Joseph had been the uni­fi­ca­tion of Ger­many under the House of Hab­s­burg. This was jus­ti­fied on grounds of prece­dence; from 1452 to the end of the Holy Roman Em­pire in 1806, with only one pe­riod of in­ter­rup­tion under the Wit­tels­bachs, the Hab­s­burgs had gen­er­ally held the Ger­man crown. How­ever, Franz Joseph's de­sire to re­tain the non-Ger­man ter­ri­to­ries of the Hab­s­burg Aus­trian Em­pire in the event of Ger­man uni­fi­ca­tion pr...

    The Three Emperors League

    In 1873, two years after the uni­fi­ca­tion of Ger­many, Franz Joseph en­tered into the League of Three Em­per­ors (Dreikaiser­bund) with Kaiser Wil­helm I of Ger­many and Tsar Alexan­der II of Rus­sia, who was suc­ceeded by Tsar Alexan­der III in 1881. The league had been de­signed by the Ger­man chan­cel­lor Otto von Bis­marck, as an at­tempt to main­tain the peace of Eu­rope. It would last in­ter­mit­tently until 1887.

    The Vatican

    In 1903, Franz Joseph's veto of Car­di­nal Mar­i­ano Ram­polla's elec­tion to the pa­pacy was trans­mit­ted to the Papal con­clave by Car­di­nal Jan Puzyna de Kosiel­sko. It was the last use of such a veto, be­cause the new Pope Pius Xpro­hib­ited fu­ture uses and pro­vided for ex­com­mu­ni­ca­tion for any attempt.

    On 28 June 1914 Franz Joseph's nephew and heir Arch­duke Franz Fer­di­nand, and his mor­ga­natic wife So­phie, Duchess of Ho­hen­berg, were as­sas­si­nated by Gavrilo Prin­cip, a Yu­goslav na­tion­al­ist of Ser­bian ethnicity,dur­ing a visit to Sara­jevo. When he heard the news of the as­sas­si­na­tion, Franz Joseph said that "one has not to defy the Almighty. In this man­ner a su­pe­rior power has re­stored that order which I un­for­tu­nately was un­able to maintain." While the em­peror was shaken, and in­ter­rupted his hol­i­day to re­turn to Vi­enna, he soon re­sumed his va­ca­tion at his im­pe­r­ial villa at Bad Ischl. Ini­tial de­ci­sion-mak­ing dur­ing the "July Cri­sis" fell to Count Leopold Berch­told, the Aus­trian for­eign min­is­ter; Count Franz Con­rad von Hötzen­dorf, the chief of staff for the Aus­tro-Hun­gar­ian army and the other ministers. The ul­ti­mate res­o­lu­tion of de­lib­er­a­tions by the Aus­trian gov­ern­ment dur­ing the weeks fol­low­ing the as­sas­si­na­t...

    Franz Joseph died in the Schönbrunn Palace on the evening of 21 No­vem­ber 1916, at the age of eighty-six. His death was a re­sult of de­vel­op­ing pneu­mo­nia of the right lung sev­eral days after catch­ing a cold while walk­ing in Schönbrunn Park with the King of Bavaria. He was suc­ceeded by his grand­nephew Charles I, who reigned until the col­lapse of the Em­pire fol­low­ing its de­feat in 1918. He is buried in the Im­pe­r­ial Cryptin Vi­enna, where flow­ers are still left by monar­chists.

    It was gen­er­ally felt in the court that the Em­peror should marry and pro­duce heirs as soon as pos­si­ble. Var­i­ous po­ten­tial brides were con­sid­ered: Princess Elis­a­beth of Mod­ena, Princess Anna of Prus­sia and Princess Sido­nia of Sax­ony. Al­though in pub­lic life Franz Joseph was the un­ques­tioned di­rec­tor of af­fairs, in his pri­vate life his for­mi­da­ble mother still wielded cru­cial in­flu­ence. So­phie wanted to strengthen the re­la­tion­ship be­tween the Houses of Hab­s­burg and Wit­tels­bach—de­scend­ing from the lat­ter house her­self—and hoped to match Franz Joseph with her sis­ter Lu­dovika's el­dest daugh­ter, He­lene ("Néné"), who was four years the Em­peror's ju­nior. How­ever, Franz Joseph fell deeply in love with Néné's younger sis­ter Elis­a­beth ("Sisi"), a beau­ti­ful girl of fif­teen, and in­sisted on mar­ry­ing her in­stead. So­phie ac­qui­esced, de­spite her mis­giv­ings about Sisi's ap­pro­pri­ate­ness as an im­pe­r­ial con­sort, and the young c...

    His name in Ger­man was Franz Joseph I and I. Fer­enc Józsefin Hun­gar­ian. His names in other lan­guages of his em­pire were: 1. Croatian and Bosnian: Franjo Josip I. 2. Czech: František Josef I. 3. Italian: Francesco Giuseppe I. 4. Polish: Franciszek Józef I. 5. Ukrainian: Фра́нц Йо́сиф I, (Frantz Yosyf I) 6. Romanian: Francisc Iosif(no number used) 7. Slovene: Franc Jožef I. 8. Slovak: František Jozef I. 9. Spanish: Francisco José I. 10. Serbian: Фрања Јосиф(no number used)

    Titles and styles

    1. 18 August 1830 – 2 December 1848: His Imperial and Royal HighnessArchduke and Prince Francis Joseph of Austria, Prince of Hungary, Bohemia and Croatia 2. 2 December 1848 – 21 November 1916: His Imperial and Royal Apostolic MajestyThe Emperor of Austria, Apostolic King of Hungary His of­fi­cial grand title after the Aus­gle­ich of 1867 was: "Fran­cis Joseph the First, by the Grace of God Em­peror of Aus­tria, Apos­tolic King of Hun­gary, King of Bo­hemia, King of Dal­ma­tia, Croa­tia, Slavo...

    The arch­i­pel­ago Franz Josef Land in the Russ­ian high Arc­tic was named in his ho­n­our in 1873 by the Aus­tro-Hun­gar­ian North Pole ex­pe­di­tion which first re­ported find­ing it.The Franz Josef Glac­ierin New Zealand's South Is­land also bears his name. Franz Joseph founded in 1872 the Franz Joseph University (Hun­gar­ian: Fer­enc József Tudományegyetem, Ro­man­ian: Uni­ver­si­tatea Fran­cisc Iosif) in the city of Cluj-Napoca (at that time a part of Aus­tria-Hun­gary under the name of Kolozsvár). The uni­ver­sity was moved to Szeged after Cluj be­came a part of Ro­ma­nia, be­com­ing the Uni­ver­sity of Szeged. In cer­tain areas, cel­e­bra­tions are still being held in re­mem­brance of Franz Joseph's birth­day. The Mit­teleu­ro­pean Peo­ple's Fes­ti­val takes place every year around 18 Au­gust, and is a "spon­ta­neous, tra­di­tional and broth­erly meet­ing among peo­ples of the Cen­tral-Eu­ro­pean Countries". The event in­cludes cer­e­monies, meet­ings, music, songs, dances, w...

    "mit vereinten Kräften" (in German) = "Viribus Unitis" (in Latin) = "With united forces" (as the Emperor of Austria). A homonymous war shipexisted.
    "Bizalmam az Ősi Erényben" (in Hungarian) = "Virtutis Confido" (in Latin) = "My trust in [the ancient] virtue" (as the Apostolic King of Hungary)
  8. Count - Find link

    edwardbetts.com › find_link › Count

    Capetian House of Anjou (3,958 words) exact match in snippet view article find links to article of France who succeeded to the French throne in 1226. Charles was named Count of Anjou and Maine; the feudal County of Anjou was a western vassal state

  9. Nobility - Find link

    edwardbetts.com › find_link › Nobility

    Capetian House of Anjou (3,953 words) exact match in snippet view article find links to article sons, Louis ascended the Polish throne virtually unopposed. The Polish nobility welcomed his accession, rightly believing that Louis would be an absentee

  10. Confidant - Find link

    edwardbetts.com › find_link › Confidant

    Descending from an old Hungarian kindred, he was a confidant of the ruling Capetian House of Anjou. He crowned Louis I of Hungary in He crowned Louis I of Hungary in Julius Berman (311 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article

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