Carl Linnaeus (/ l ɪ ˈ n iː ə s, l ɪ ˈ n eɪ ə s /; 23 May 1707 – 10 January 1778), also known after his ennoblement as Carl von Linné (Swedish pronunciation: [ˈkɑːɭ fɔn lɪˈneː] ()), was a Swedish botanist, zoologist, taxonomist, and physician who formalised binomial nomenclature, the modern system of naming organisms.
When in 1758 the Swedish naturalist Carl Linnaeus updated his Systema Naturae for the tenth edition, he placed the purple martin with swallows and swifts in the genus Hirundo. Linnaeus included a brief description, coined the binomial name Hirundo subis and cited Edwards' work.
evolution and the meaning of the existence of variations among organisms. Many natural philosophers, believed that God had created a ﬁxed number of species and that since that time there had been hybridization and mixing (variation), but no fundamental change. In the 1790s, Darwin’s own grandfather, Erasmus, had
In the mid-18th century, when the great biologist Carl Linnaeus began taxonomizing the animal kingdom, he didn’t address the possibility that some animals had died out long ago. Even today, there are some people who believe that no animals have ever gone extinct—or that the animals that went “extinct” drowned in the great flood ...