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  1. Carl Linnaeus (/ l ɪ ˈ n iː ə s, l ɪ ˈ n eɪ ə s /; 23 May 1707 – 10 January 1778), also known after his ennoblement as Carl von Linné (Swedish pronunciation: [ˈkɑːɭ fɔn lɪˈneː] ()), was a Swedish botanist, zoologist, taxonomist, and physician who formalised binomial nomenclature, the modern system of naming organisms.

  2. Young Linnaeus. Carl Linnaeus was born in 1707, the eldest of five children, in a place called Råshult, in Sweden. His father, called Nils, was a minister and keen gardener. He would often take his young son Carl into the garden with him and teach him about botany (the study of plants). By the age of five, Carl had his own garden, which gave ...

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  4. › who-was-carl-linnaeus › ar-BB1bKmfiWho was Carl Linnaeus?

    • A Blossoming Interest in Nature
    • His Pivotal Work: Systema Naturae
    • Linnaeus' Legacy

    Linnaeus was born in 1707 in the southern Swedish province of Småland, approximately 150 miles (241 kilometers) west of Stockholm. His father was a Lutheran minister and amateur botanist who helped instill a love of nature in his son. Linnaeus was especially fond of plants and flowers and was given his own plot of land to start a small garden. According to William MacGillivray's book "Lives of Eminent Zoologists" (Oliver and Boyd, 1834), Linnaeus "devoted a great part of his earlier years to the cultivation of a corner of the family-garden, which he profusely stocked with wild plants collected in the woods and fields." Linnaeus's parents made sure their young son received an extensive education. His father, Nils, taught him Latin, geography and religion in the hope he would become a clergyman. Later, his parents employed a personal tutor to continue the boy's education in these subjects. Eventually, Linnaeus continued his schooling at the Vaxjo Gymnasium, a school that was designed...

    In the same year Linnaeus finished his doctorate, he published a brief pamphlet that would eventually revolutionize the fields of biology and scientific taxonomy. "Originally it was just his list that organized all plants, animals and minerals," Beil said. "But it became a blueprint for the world's scientists to follow to classify nature. He kept revising and expanding it for the rest of his life." This "list" was written in Latin and was called Systema Naturae ("The System of Nature"). It proposed a radical new approach to the ordering and classification of plants and animals. His system was hierarchically ranked, meaning that organisms were grouped into successively larger groups based on morphological traits (that is, physical attributes). At the broadest level, the classification system was divided into three broad kingdoms: animals, plants and minerals (the mineral designation was subsequently dropped). These categories were further subdivided into increasingly specific designa...

    Linnaeus spent many years teaching at Uppsala University where he was a popular lecturer and enjoyed considerable status as an important man of science and an authority on botany. He corresponded with many prominent scientists and continued to work and write, producing several more influential works, including "Philosophia Botanica" and "Species Plantarum," the latter considered by many to be the most important early treatise on botanical nomenclature. He was especially famous for his field trips, Beil said, which were basically botanical excursions during which he took students out into the countryside to collect plants. Several of his most promising students, facetiously called the "apostles," went on to successful botanical and natural history careers, many of whom carried out famous zoological or botanical expeditions. One of these, Daniel Solander, became the chief naturalist on Captain James Cook's first Pacific voyage, Biel said. Eventually Linnaeus bought a large estate in H...

  5. Carl Linnaeus the Younger, Carolus Linnaeus the Younger or Carl von Linné d. y. (20 January 1741 – 1 November 1783) was a Swedish naturalist. He is known as Linnaeus filius (Latin for Linnaeus the son; abbrevied to L.f. as a botanical authority) to distinguish him from his famous father, the systematist Carl Linnaeus (1707–78). Biography

    • Swedish
    • 1 November 1783 (aged 42), Uppsala, Sweden
    • 20 January 1741, Falun in Dalarna, Sweden
    • Lapland, New Species, Classifying and Naming Plants. In the winter of 1730/31 Linnaeus continued working hard on botany in Uppsala. In particular, he had grown dissatisfied with the way plant species were classified.
    • The Netherlands and a Medical Doctorate. In 1735, aged 28, Linnaeus traveled to the University of Harderwijk in the Netherlands to get a doctoral level degree in medicine.
    • Systema Naturae. In the Netherlands Linnaeus met Johan Frederik Gronovius, a Dutch botanist. He showed Gronovius his recent writings on the classification and naming of plants.
    • Physician and President of the Royal Swedish Academy of Science. Linnaeus returned to Sweden in 1738, becoming a physician in the nation’s capital city, Stockholm.
  6. Carl Linnaeus the Younger, Carl von Linné or Carolus Linnaeus the Younger (20 January 1741 – 1 November 1783) was a Swedish naturalist. [1] 14 relations: Botany , Carl Linnaeus , Daniel Solander , Falun , James Edward Smith , Johan Peter Falk , Linnean Society of London , Natural history , Pehr Löfling , Supplementum Plantarum , Sweden ...

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