During the reign of Casimir IV Jagiellon and Sigismund I the Old, culture flourished and cities developed. This era of progress, also known as the Polish Renaissance , continued until the Union of Lublin under Sigismund II Augustus , which unofficially marked the end of the Polish Golden Age .
In 1454 Poland was in conflict with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, which meant that although Casimir IV was Grand Duke of Lithuaniaas well as King of Poland, Lithuania sent no aid during the war to Poland, and aside from a few ineffective raids, did not participate during the conflict.
King Casimir IV Jagiellon 1444-1492 King of Poland (1444-1492) and Grand Duke of Lithuania (1440- 1492), recipient of the English Order of Garter (KG). Born the youngest son of Vladislav II Jagiello, Casimir IV grew alongside the burgeoning Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
This list concerns the historical monarchs of Poland, from the Middle Ages to 1795. For presidents and other heads of state of Poland during the 20th and 21st centuries, see List of heads of state of Poland. Poland was ruled at various times either by dukes (the 10th–14th century) or by kings (the 11th-18th century). During the latter period, a tradition of free election of monarchs made it ...
- 16 December 1919
- Mieszko I of Poland
- Hereditary Elective
- none Ruediger, Margrave of Meissen (disputed)
The dispute was ended in 1526 when King Sigismund I the Old gave the area as a nearly unconditional fief ("libere a servitio et a iuramento") to Duke Georg I of Pomerania. The only condition was that the dukes had to send an official to the coronations of Sigismund's successors, who would reassure the dukes of the fief.
Władysław IV Vasa or Ladislaus IV of Poland was King of Poland, Grand Duke of Lithuania and titular King of Sweden, who ruled from 1632 until his death in 1648. Władysław IV was the eldest son of Sigismund III Vasa and his wife, Anna Habsburg of Austria. Born into the House of Vasa, Władysław was elected Tsar of Russia by the Seven Boyars in 1610 when the Polish army captured Moscow, but did not assume the throne due to his father's position and a popular uprising. Nevertheless, until ...
In 1454 Poland was in conflict with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, which meant that although Casimir IV was Grand Duke of Lithuania as well as King of Poland, Lithuania sent no aid during the war to...
Sep 25, 2017 · 1,370 AD Kazimierz (or Casimir) had no legitimate son (but had a two sons with his Jewish long-term lover) to take the throne so when he died in 1370 from a hunting injury his nephew became King Louis I of Hungary & king of Poland in union with Hungary. 1,351 He tried to adopt his grandson, Casimir IV, Duke of Pomerania, born to his second daughter but this was invalidated by Louis I of Hungary by bribing the nobles with future privileges.
He tried to adopt his grandson, Casimir IV, Duke of Pomerania, in his last will. The child had been born to his second daughter, Elisabeth, Duchess of Pomerania , in 1351. This part of the testament was in- validated by Louis I of Hungary, however, who had trav- eled to Kraków quickly after Casimir died and bribed the nobles with future privileges.