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  1. On 10 October 2017, in the aftermath of the referendum, the President of the Generalitat of Catalonia, Carles Puigdemont, declared the independence of Catalonia but left it suspended. Puigdemont said during his appearance in the Catalan parliament that he assumes, in presenting the results of the referendum, "the people's mandate for Catalonia to become an independent state in the form of a republic", but proposed that in the following weeks the parliament "suspends the effect of the ...

  2. 43.03%. Source: Government of Catalonia. The Catalan independence referendum of 2017, also known by the numeronym 1-O (for "1 October") in Spanish media, was an independence referendum held on 1 October 2017 in the Spanish autonomous community of Catalonia, passed by the Parliament of Catalonia as the Law on the Referendum on Self-determination of Catalonia and called by the Generalitat de Catalunya.

    • Overview
    • Demonstration
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    The 2017 demonstration against Catalan independence was a large demonstration in Barcelona, Spain, organized by Societat Civil Catalana on 8 October 2017, usually named after its slogan 'Stop! let's come to our senses'. It took place around midday starting in Plaça Urquinaona and ending in França railway station. The objective of the rally was to voice protests and growing concerns about the accelerating Catalan independence movement and the recent referendum on self-determination as well...

    The initial announcement was made by the entity Societat Civil Catalana, asking the 'silenced' Catalonia to demonstrate and say 'enough' to the Catalan independence movement. The aim of the organizers was to assemble the largest pro-unity rally in the history of Barcelona with the aim of making clear that a large part of society was feeling abused by the nationalist movement. Later, political parties decided to participate asking their supporters to join. This included the People's Party, Citize

    The success of the demonstration surpassed the expectations of the organizers, as until that point the pro-independence movement had had a monopoly in organizing massive public demonstrations. This is reflected in the slogan the streets will always be ours, commonly used in pro-independence rallies. As a result, the rally is considered a turning point in the public perception of the political conflict, being extensively featured in the international press.

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  4. The Catalan declaration of independence was a resolution that was passed by the Parliament of Catalonia on 27 October 2017, which declared the independence of Catalonia from Spain and the founding of an independent Catalan Republic. The declaration did not receive recognition from the international community. On October 10, in the aftermath of the 1 October 2017 Catalan independence referendum, a document declaring Catalonia to be an independent republic was signed by the members of Catalonia's

    • Not effective
    • 27 October 2017
  5. Referendum and subsequent events. See also: Catalan independence referendum, 2017 and 2017 Catalan general strike. Demonstration in Barcelona during the general strike held in Catalonia on 3 October 2017. Despite the suspension, the Catalan referendum was held on 1 October 2017, as scheduled by the Generalitat.

    • 6 September 2017 – 1 June 2018, (8 months, 3 weeks and 5 days)
    • Spain, primarily Catalonia, (some events throughout Europe)
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    Council of Europe - Vice-President Roger Gale of the Parliamentary Assembly declared said: "It is with deep regret that I have seen the incidents of violence that have occurred in Catalonia today....
    Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) – The OSCE's Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR) told TASSon 2 October that it would not comment on the vote beca...
    United Nations - Secretary-General António Guterres "trusts that the democratic institutions of Spain will find a solution" to the crisis between Catalan separatists and the national government."
    Belgium – Prime Minister Charles Michel condemned the unfolding violence and called for political dialogue between the two sides.He also wrote: "Violence can never be the answer!"
    Botswana – In a statement via Facebook, the Government of Botswana condemned and regretted "the illegal signing of a unilateral declaration of independence" of Catalonia.
    Canada – Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said in response "We understand there are significant internal discussions that they are going through right now and we simply call for those discussions to b...

    Moody's Investors Servicehas warned that the increased tensions over Catalonia's push for independence could hurt the country's overall debt worthiness. The agency said the "ratcheting-up of tensions has negative credit implications" that could be worsened if Catalonia's regional government declares independence after claiming victory in the referendum. It added that the probability of Catalan independence remains low, mainly because it remains unclear that a majority of Catalans actually want independence. It expects the sides to negotiate a deal for greater powers for the region. The agency further noted that Catalonia represents about a fifth of Spain's economy, with a high per capita GDP, so independence could seriously affect Spain's public finances. Fitch Ratingsannounced that it would place Catalonia on "rating watch negative" (RWN) over uncertainties over the region's debt obligations. The rating agency explained that the stand-off with Spanish authorities and the possibilit...

    The Guardianwrote: The Guardian also added, on 20 October, the article "The Catalan case is persuasive. But that way lies ruin (Natalie Nougayrède),who stated "...the 1 October referendum was hardly a model of sound, democratic expression. Only a minority of Catalans took part (turnout was 43%), and its organisation ran counter to Catalonia's own legislation. The two laws that led to it were voted through without the two-thirds majority the Catalan charter (the Estatut) requires for such a momentous reform process. Nor was the vote overseen by the regional constitutional court. The Council of Europe, Europe's democracy watchdog, said it did not abide by its fundamental criteria. Reporters without Borders, an organisation that scrutinises freedom of the press, denounced the harassment and intimidation – sometimes physical – of reporters who did not toe the pro-independence line. These points often get drowned out in the romantic wave of commentary that Catalonia and its history can u...

    Walter Schwimmer, former Secretary General of the Council of Europetold RT: "It calls urgently for dialogue, there's no alternative. I have been shocked by the force used by the police. I fully understand that the Spanish government wants to defend the territorial integrity of the country. On the other side, there are justified requests by the people of Catalonia that cannot be answered just by police force. That calls for dialogue and I hope Europe will be able to moderate such a dialogue between the Spanish central government and the government of Catalonia." On 2 September, following violent police clashes, co-founder of Wikipedia Jimmy Waleswrote on Twitter: "Without any reservations I condemn the violence against peaceful voters in the Catalan referendum." British columnist Katie Hopkins told the Express that Catalonia's public uproar could happen in the U.K. because those supporting "Brexitare not being listened to. Watching Catalonia unfurl was absolutely bonkers. The Spanish...

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