- related to: catalonia spain language
Catalonia Spain language
- There are four languages with official status in Catalonia (an autonomous community of Spain): Catalan; Spanish- which is official throughout Spain; Aranese, a dialect of Occitan spoken in the Aran Valley ; and Catalan Sign Language. Many other languages are spoken in Catalonia as a result of recent immigration from all over the world.
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According to the Statistical Institute of Catalonia, in 2013 the Catalan language is the second most commonly used in Catalonia, after Spanish, as a native or self-defining language: 7% of the population self-identifies with both Catalan and Spanish equally, 36.4% with Catalan and 47.5% only Spanish.
There are four languages with official status in Catalonia: Catalan; Spanish- which is official throughout Spain; Aranese, a dialect of Occitan spoken in the Aran Valley; and Catalan Sign Language. Many other languages are spoken in Catalonia as a result of recent immigration from all over the world. Catalan has enjoyed special status since the approval of the Statute of Autonomy of 1979 which declares it to be the language "proper to Catalonia". Spanish had been the only official language for m
Catalan language, Catalan Català, Romance language spoken in eastern and northeastern Spain —chiefly in Catalonia and Valencia —and in the Balearic Islands. It is also spoken in the Roussillon region of France, in Andorra (where it is the official language), and in the city of Algher o, Sardinia, Italy.
Originating in the historic territory of Catalonia, Catalan has enjoyed special status since the approval of the Statute of Autonomy of 1979 which declares it to be "Catalonia's own language", a term which signifies a language given special legal status within a Spanish territory, or which is historically spoken within a given region. The other languages with official status in Catalonia are Spanish, which has official status throughout Spain, and Aranese Occitan, which is spoken in Val d'Aran.
- Languages in Barcelona
- Learning Languages in Barcelona
- Origin and Extension
- from The Suppression to The Official Language
- Catalan in The Multilingual Spain
The region of Catalonia has two official languages. Spanish and Catalan, of which are both spoken. In offices and schools, Catalan is the dominant language. Similarly, many lectures at the University are hold in Catalan. Road signs and labels e.g. in museums are usually bilingual. Visitors to Barcelona come off well with Spanish, although the locals are happy about a greeting in Catalan. Especially in the tourism sector, many employees speak English. Even the younger people usually know some English. Regarding the elderly residents, you should try out a little French, because some words of the Catalan are very similar to French. Catalan is an independent language, and not a Spanish dialect, as often assumed. This is an important part of the Catalan self-understanding.
The most effective way of learning a foreign language is, without a doubt, staying in the country where the language is spoken. If you are interested in learning Spanish, it is not a disadvantage to do this in Barcelona, even if Catalan is the second mother tongue. Despite the cultural and political autonomy of Catalonia, almost all Catalans speak Spanish, often as their first native language. In language schools in Barcelona, you usually have native teachers. To minimise the risk that you talk in German outside school, you can request to stay in a host family or in an apartment with other Spanish students. Also, taking part in excursions after class in which the sights are described in Spanish will be a good training.
Catalan belongs to the Romance languages. Its origins go back to the 8th and 9th Century in the counties of the Spanish march. In the 12th and 13th Century the language spread down south. With the ending of Jaume I, the Catalan language area was defined. See also history of Barcelona. Approximately 11 million people live in the Catalan language area. In comparison: Portugal has around 9.8 million inhabitants, Greece 10.6. The language area stretches across Andorra, Catalonia, the Balearic Islands, Valencia (country), West Strip (Aragon), North Catalonia (France) and Alghero (Sardinia). Catalan is spoken in different dialects. In total, about 7.3 million people speak Catalan and 9.8 million people understand the language.
From 1939-1975, during the period of military dictatorship under Franco, Catalan was banned. Even telephone calls had to be carried out in Spanish. Meanwhile, the language was cultivated in the monastery of Montserrat. In 1979, Catalan was accepted as an individual language and became the official language in Catalonia. 1983 followed by the Balearic Islands and in 1993 by the state of Andorra. In 1983, a law was passed which made it possible to teach Catalan at schools and universities. In 1998, a conformable subsidy law for the economy and private media followed. Nowadays, there are 10 Catalan daily newspapers.
Besides Castilian, Galician and Basque, Catalan is one out of four official languages in Spain. Approximately 40% of the Spanish population live in areas with two official languages. About 28% live in regions with Catalan as the official language. Source: Government of the Balearic Islands.
- Catalonia is both an autonomous community within Spain (big yellow area above), but also a historic principality that extended into what is now France (small dark yellow area).
- The French part lies roughly within the current French département of Pyrénées-Orientales and was ceded to France in the treaty of the Pyrenees in 1659.
- Catalonia has huge topographical range. Going from the heights of the Pyrenees (red above) to the Catalan Coastal Depression (light green), where most of the population live.
- Catalan is not the most common first language spoken in Spanish Catalonia. For daily use, 45.92% mainly use Spanish, 35.54% mainly use Catalan and 11.95% use both languages equally.
Nov 22, 2012 · Catalan is not, as some believe, a dialect of Spanish, but a language that developed independently out of the vulgar Latin spoken by the Romans who colonised the Tarragona area. It is spoken by 9...
- Stephen Burgen
- Co-Official Languages
There is a variety of Vernacular languages spoken in Spain. Spanish, the official language in the entire country, is the predominant native language in almost all of the autonomous communities in Spain. Six of the sixteen autonomous communities in Spain have other co-official languages in addition to Spanish. Bilingualism in different degrees and in distinct communicative situations between Spanish and another language is a habitual practice for many of the Spanish people who reside in one of th
Spanish is the only official language of the entire country and is spoken habitually and as a native language among a vast majority of the Spanish population. Spain is, along with Colombia and after Mexico and the United States, ranked third in the world as the country with the most Spanish speakers. Spanish is the only official language in Asturias, Cantabria, La Rioja, Aragon, Castile and León, Madrid, Castilla-La Mancha, Extremadura, Andalusia, the Canary Islands and the region of Murcia, as
The autonomous communities have established the following official languages in their respective territories: Catalan in Catalonia and the Balearic Islands, Valencian in Valencia, Galician in Galicia, Basque in the Basque Country and a part of Navarre, and the Aranes language in the Aran Valley. Catalan and Valencian are considered two varieties of the same language.
- related to: catalonia spain language
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