The House of Valois (UK: / ˈ v æ l w ɑː / VAL-wah, also US: / v æ l ˈ w ɑː, v ɑː l ˈ w ɑː / va(h)l-WAH, French: ) was a cadet branch of the Capetian dynasty.They succeeded the House of Capet (or "Direct Capetians") to the French throne, and were the royal house of France from 1328 to 1589.
- Unexpected Inheritance
- Hundred Years' War
- Centralization of Power
- Italian Wars
- French Wars of Religion
- List of Valois Kings of France
- Other Significant Titles Held by The House of Valois
- Illegitimate Branches
- Forms of Address
- See Also
The Capetian dynasty seemed secure both during and after the reign of Philip IV from 1285 to 1313. Philip had left three surviving sons (Louis, Philip and Charles) and a daughter (Isabella). Each son became kingin turn but died young without male heirs, leaving only daughters who could not inherit the throne. When Charles IV died in 1328, the French succession became more problematic. In 1328 three candidates had plausible claims to the throne: 1. Philip, Count of Valois, son of Charles of Valois, who was the closest heir in male line and a grandson of Philip III. Because his father was the brother of the late Philip IV, he was therefore a nephew of Philip IV and the cousin of Louis X, Philip V and Charles IV. Further, Charles IV had chosen him as the regent before his death. 2. Joan of Navarre, daughter of Louis X. Although Philip V had implemented Salic law to disbar females from inheriting the French Crown, she nevertheless had a strong claim as the heir-gen...
The Hundred Years' War could be considered a lengthy war of succession between the houses of Valois and Plantagenet. The early reign of Philip VIwas a promising one for France. The new king fought the Flemings on behalf of his vassal, the count of Flanders, and restored that count to power. Edward III's aggression against Scotland, a French ally, prompted Philip VI to confiscate Guyenne. In the past the English kings would have to submit to the King of France. But Edward, having descended from the French kings, claimed the throne for himself. France was then at the height of its power. No one believed that the English king could make good his claim to France. Edward's initial strategy was to ally with Flanders and the princes of the Empire. The alliances were costly and not very productive. While on a truce the French and English kings intervened in the War of the Breton Succession. In 1346, Edward invaded France and pillaged the countr...
With the expulsion of the English, Charles VII had reestablished his kingdom as the foremost power of Western Europe. He created France's first standing army since Roman times, and limited papal power in the Gallican Church by the Pragmatic Sanction of Bourges. But his later years were marred by quarrels with his eldest son and heir, the Dauphin Louis, who refused to obey him. The dauphin was banished from court for his intrigues, and did not return to France until his father's death. Louis XI succeeded his father in 1461. At the beginning of his reign Louis reversed his father's policies, abolishing the Pragmatic Sanction to please the pope and the standing armies, which he distrusted, in favor of Swiss mercenaries. As a prince he had leagued with the nobility against his father, but as a king he found that his power could only be maintained by subduing them. He was the lifelong enemy of Charles the Bold, Count of Charolais, and later D...
Charles VIII succeeded his father in 1483, at the age of 13. During his minority the nobles again attempted to seize power, but they were defeated by Charles' sister Anne of France. Charles' marriage to Anne of Brittanyprevented a future total Habsburg encirclement of France. As the heir of the House of Anjou, Charles VIII decided to press his claim to the Kingdom of Naples. It was the beginning of the Italian Wars. In September 1494 Charles invaded Italy with 25,000 men, and attained his object by 22 February 1495, virtually unopposed. But the speed and power of the French advance frightened the powers of Italy. The League of Venice, which consisted of the Republics of Venice and Florence, the Duchies of Milan and Mantua, the Kings of Spain and Naples, the Emperor and the Pope, united against the French. Charles, who did not wish to be trapped in Naples, had to fight against them in the Battle of Fornovo. Charles succeeded in returning t...
The last phase of Valois rule in France was marked by the French Wars of Religion. Henry II died in a jousting accident in 1559. His eldest son and heir, Francis II, succeeded him. The new king was already King of Scotland by right of his wife, Mary, Queen of Scots. The queen's maternal relatives, the House of Guise, gained an ascendancy over the young king. The House of Guise was a cadet branch of the ducal House of Lorraine. They claimed descent from Charlemagne and had designs on the French throne. They considered the House of Bourbon, princes of the blood, as their natural enemies. The leading Bourbons, the brothers Antoine, King of Navarre, and Louis, Prince of Condé, were Protestants. The House of Guise identified themselves as champions of the Catholic cause. They were on the point of executing Condé when the young king died. With the succession of her minor son Charles IX in 1560, Catherine de' Medici maneuvered for a balance of...
1. Philip VI, the Fortunate 1328–1350, son of Charles of Valois 2. John II, the Good 1350–1364 3. Charles V, the Wise 1364–1380 4. Charles VI, the Well-Beloved, later known as the Mad 1380–1422 5. Charles VII, the Victorious or the Well-Served 1422–1461 6. Louis XI, the Prudent 1461–1483 7. Charles VIII, the Affable 1483–1498
1. Louis XII, the Father of the People 1498–1515, great-grandson of Charles V of France
1. Francis I– 1515–1547, great-great-grandson of Charles V of France 2. Henry II– 1547–1559 3. Francis II– 1559–1560 4. Charles IX– 1560–1574 5. Henry III– 1574–1589 The application of the Salic Law meant that with the extinction of the Valois in the male line, the Bourbons succeeded to the throne as descendants of Louis IX.
Counts and Dukes of Alençon
House of Valois-Alençon 1. Charles II, count (1325–1346), second son of Charles of Valois 2. Charles III, count (1346–1361) 3. Peter II, count (1361–1391) 4. John I, count (1391–1414) 5. John I, duke (1414–1415) 6. John II, duke (1415–1424 and 1449–1474) 7. René I, duke (1478–1492) 8. Charles IV, duke (1492–1525)
Counts and Dukes of Anjou
House of Valois-Anjou 1. Louis I, duke (1360–1383) (also king of Jerusalem and Naples as Louis I), second son of John II of France 2. Louis II (1377–1417), son of (also king of Naples as Louis II) 3. Louis III (1403–1434), son of (also king of Naples as Louis III) 4. René I (1409–1480), brother of (also king of Jerusalem and Naples as René I) 5. Charles IV(1436–1481),
Dukes of Burgundy
House of Valois-Burgundy 1. Philip II the Bold(1363–1404), fourth son of John II of France 2. John II the Fearless(1404–1419) 3. Philip III the Good(1419–1467) 4. Charles I the Bold(1467–1477) 5. Mary I the Rich(1477–1482)House of Valois-Dunois, counts of Longueville (see Jean de Dunois), descended from a son of Louis I, Duke of OrléansHouse of Valois-Saint-Remy, counts of Saint-Rémy (see Jeanne of Valois-Saint-Rémy), descended from a son of Henry II of France
Forms of address for Valois kings and princes included "Most Christian Majesty"."Dauphin" . "your Grace" . "Your Majesty" . "Most regal Majesty " .
The Kingdom of France (Old French: Reaume de France, Middle French: Royaulme de France, French: Royaume de France) was a medieval and early modern monarchy in Western Europe. It was among the most powerful states in Europe and a great power from the High Middle Ages onward. It was also an early colonial power, with possessions around the world.
The House of Valois (French pronunciation:[valwa]) was a cadet branch of the Capetian dynasty. They succeeded the House of Capet (or "Direct Capetians") to the French throne, and was the royal house of France from 1328 to 1589. Junior members of the family founded cadet branches in Alençon, Anjou, Burgundy and Orléans. The Valois descended from Charles, Count of Valois (1270–1325), the ...
of Valois 1545–1568: Philip I (II) King of Portugal 1527-1598 r.1581–1598: Anna of Austria 1549–1580: Henry IV King of France 1553–1610 r.1589–1610: Carlos Prince of Asturias 1545–1568: Catherine Michelle 1567–1597: Charles Emmanuel I Duke of Savoy 1562–1630: Isabella Clara Eugenia 1566–1633: Albert VII Archduke of Austria ...
Henry VI of England, son of Catherine of Valois, became titular King of France upon his grandfather Charles VI's death in accordance with the Treaty of Troyes of 1420; however this was disputed and he is not always regarded as a legitimate king of France. List of French monarchs-Wikipedia
May 13, 2013 - Catherine of Valois was Henry V's queen consort. History has often depicted her as being a victim and boring, but a closer examination of accounts of her life paint a different picture. As the woman who married Owen Tudur, she is the mother of the Tudor dynasty. See more ideas about Catherine of valois, Tudor dynasty, History.
1322 – Philip V, king of France (b. 1292) 1437 – Catherine of Valois, queen consort of Henry V (b. 1401) 1501 – Ali-Shir Nava'i, Turkic poet, linguist, and mystic (b. 1441) 1543 – Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo, Portuguese explorer and navigator (b. 1499) 1571 – Joachim II Hector, Elector of Brandenburg (b. 1505)
The House of Valois  (French pronunciation: ) was a cadet branch of the Capetian dynasty, succeeding the House of Capet (or "Direct Capetians") as kings of France from 1328 to 1589. A cadet branch of the family reigned as dukes of Burgundy from 1363 to 1482.
1944 – World War II: The 7th Macedonian Liberation Brigade liberates Bitola for the Allies. 1952 – The United States government establishes the National Security Agency, or NSA. 1956 – Soviet troops enter Hungary to end the Hungarian revolution against the Soviet Union that started on October 23. Thousands are killed, more are wounded ...