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  1. Theology - Wikipedia › wiki › Sacred_Theology
    • Etymology
    • in Religion
    • Topics
    • History of Academic Discipline
    • Criticism
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    The term derives from the Greek theologia (θεολογία), a combination of theos (Θεός, 'god') and logia (λογία, 'utterances, sayings, oracles')—the latter word relating to Greek logos (λόγος, 'word, discourse, account, reasoning'). The term would pass on to Latin as theologia, then French as théologie, eventually becoming the English theology. Through several variants (e.g., theologie, teologye), the English theology had evolved into its current form by 1362. The sense the word has in English depends in large part on the sense the Latin and Greek equivalents had acquired in patristic and medievalChristian usage, although the English term has now spread beyond Christian contexts.

    The term theology has been deemed by some as only appropriate to the study of religions that worship a supposed deity (a theos), i.e. more widely than monotheism; and presuppose a belief in the ability to speak and reason about this deity (in logia). They suggest the term is less appropriate in religious contexts that are organized differently (i.e., religions without a single deity, or that deny that such subjects can be studied logically). Hierology has been proposed, by such people as Eugène Goblet d'Alviella(1908), as an alternative, more generic term.

    Richard Hooker defines theology as "the science of things divine." The term can, however, be used for a variety of disciplines or fields of study. Theology considers whether the divine exists in some form, such as in physical, supernatural, mental, or social realities, and what evidence for and about it may be found via personal spiritual experiences or historical records of such experiences as documented by others. The study of these assumptions is not part of theology proper, but is found in the philosophy of religion, and increasingly through the psychology of religion and neurotheology. Theology then aims to structure and understand these experiences and concepts, and to use them to derive normative prescriptions for how to live our lives.

    The history of the study of theology in institutions of higher education is as old as the historyof such institutions themselves. For instance: 1. Taxila was an early centre of Vedic learning, possible from the 6th-century BC or earlier;:140–2 2. the Platonic Academyfounded in Athens in the 4th-century BC seems to have included theological themes in its subject matter; 3. the Chinese Taixue delivered Confucianteaching from the 2nd century BC; 4. the School of Nisibiswas a centre of Christian learning from the 4th century AD; 5. Nalanda in India was a site of Buddhist higher learning from at least the 5th or 6th century AD;:149and 6. the Moroccan University of Al-Karaouine was a centre of Islamic learning from the 10th century, as was Al-Azhar Universityin Cairo. The earliest universities were developed under the aegis of the Latin Church by papal bull as studia generalia and perhaps from cathedral schools. It is possible, however, that the development of cathedral schools into unive...

    Pre-20th century

    Whether or not reasoned discussion about the divine is possible has long been a point of contention. Protagoras, as early as the fifth century BC, who is reputed to have been exiled from Athens because of his agnosticism about the existence of the gods, said that "Concerning the gods I cannot know either that they exist or that they do not exist, or what form they might have, for there is much to prevent one's knowing: the obscurity of the subjectand the shortness of man's life." Since at lea...

    20th and 21st centuries

    A. J. Ayer, a British former logical-positivist, sought to show in his essay "Critique of Ethics and Theology" that all statements about the divine are nonsensical and any divine-attribute is unprovable. He wrote: "It is now generally admitted, at any rate by philosophers, that the existence of a being having the attributes which define the god of any non-animistic religion cannot be demonstratively proved.… [A]ll utterances about the nature of God are nonsensical." Jewish atheist philosopher...

    "Theology" on Encyclopædia Britannica
    Chattopadhyay, Subhasis. "Reflections on Hindu Theology" in Prabuddha Bharata or Awakened India120(12):664-672 (2014). ISSN 0032-6178. Edited by Swami Narasimhananda.
    Theology public domain audiobook at LibriVox
  2. Gordon–Conwell Theological Seminary - Wikipedia › wiki › Gordon_conwell

    The seminary offers 20 degrees including the Master of Divinity (M.Div.), Master of Theology (Th.M.), Doctor of Ministry (D.Min.), and a wide range of specialized master's degrees. Gordon-Conwell has been accredited by the Association of Theological Schools in the United States and Canada since 1964 [26] and by the New England Association of ...

    • 1969 merger, 1888 (as Gordon Divinity School), 1889 (as Conwell School of Theology)
    • Think Theologically, Engage Globally, Live Biblically
    • Gordon College of Theology and Mission, Gordon Divinity School, Conwell School of Theology
    • Private
  3. Evangelicalism - Wikipedia › wiki › Evangelical

    Evangelicalism (/ ˌ iː v æ n ˈ dʒ ɛ l ɪ k əl ɪ z əm, ˌ ɛ v æ n-,-ə n /), evangelical Christianity, or evangelical Protestantism, is a worldwide trans-denominational movement within Protestant Christianity that maintains the belief that the essence of the Gospel consists of the doctrine of salvation by grace alone, solely through faith in Jesus's atonement.

  4. Familiaris consortio - Wikipedia › wiki › On_the_role_of_the

    Familiaris consortio ( Latin: "The fellowship of the family"; titled in English On the Role of the Christian Family in the Modern World) is a post-synodal apostolic exhortation written by Pope John Paul II and promulgated on 22 November 1981.

    • 2 of 15 of the pontificate
    • In English
    • 22 November 1981
  5. Christianity - Wikipedia › wiki › Christianity

    Concise doctrinal statements or confessions of religious beliefs are known as creeds. They began as baptismal formulae and were later expanded during the Christological controvers

  6. Laity - Wikipedia › wiki › Church_Business_Administrator

    The Industrial Christian Fellowship helps its "members and others to live out their faith at their work" by research and publications. [61] [ non-primary source needed ] The Christian Association of Business Executives (CABE) "exists to Inform, Inspire and Influence Christian business people from all church backgrounds and all types of business ...

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