Escherichia coli (/ ˌ ɛ ʃ ə ˈ r ɪ k i ə ˈ k oʊ l aɪ /), also known as E. coli (/ ˌ iː ˈ k oʊ l aɪ /), is a Gram-negative, facultative anaerobic, rod-shaped, coliform bacterium of the genus Escherichia that is commonly found in the lower intestine of warm-blooded organisms (endotherms).
The bacteria constituting the species Escherichia coli are commonly found in the intestinal flora of man and animals, and were until late 1950s recognized as non-pathogenic normal cohabitants. However, certain strains might induce disease, and E. coli should therefore be regarded as a potential path …
- Ørjan Olsvik, Yngvild Wasteson, Arve Lund, Erik Hornes
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Escherichia coli is a commensal in the human gut but can cause urinary tract infections. Similarly, streptoccoci, which are part of the normal flora of the human mouth, can cause heart disease. Predators. Some species of bacteria kill and then consume other microorganisms, these species are called predatory bacteria.
May 17, 2018 · MORPHOLOGY OF ESCHERICHIA COLI (E. COLI) Shape – Escherichia coli is a straight, rod shape (bacillus) bacterium. Size – The size of Escherichia coli is about 1–3 µm × 0.4–0.7 µm (micrometer). Arrangement Of Cells – Escherichia coli is arranged singly or in pairs. Motility – Escherichia coli is a motile bacterium.
2. Morphology and Staining of Escherichia Coli: E. coli is Gram-negative straight rod, 1-3 µ x 0.4-0.7 µ, arranged singly or in pairs (Fig. 28.1). It is motile by peritrichous flagellae, though some strains are non-motile. Spores are not formed. Capsules and fimbriae are found in some strains. 3. Cultural Characteristics of Escherichia Coli:
Mar 29, 2020 · Escherichia coli, often abbreviated E. coli, are rod-shaped bacteria that tend to occur individually and in large clumps. E. coli are classified as facultative anaerobes, which means that they grow best when oxygen is present but are able to switch to non-oxygen-dependent chemical processes in the absence of oxygen.