The Chaldeans remained subjugated and quiet during this period, and the next major revolt in Babylon against the Assyrian empire was fermented not by a Chaldean, Babylonian or Elamite, but by Shamash-shum-ukin, who was an Assyrian king of Babylon, and elder brother of Ashurbanipal (668-627 BCE), the new ruler of the Neo-Assyrian Empire.
Language. an old name for the Aramaic language, particularly...
The name Chaldaea is a latinization of the Greek Khaldaía, a...
In the early period, between the early 9th century and late...
- Identity and names
- History and origin
- Condition of the Chaldean Catholic Church
Chaldean Catholics, also known as Chaldeans, Chaldo-Arameans, Chaldo-Assyrians or Assyro-Chaldeans, are ethnoreligious adherents of the Chaldean Catholic Church, which originates from the historic Church of the East. Other Christian denominations present in Iraq include the Assyrian Church of the East and the Ancient Church of the East, the Syriac Orthodox Church and the Syriac Catholic Church. The Chaldean Catholic community was formed in Upper Mesopotamia in the 16th and 17th centuries, arisin
Followers of the Chaldean Catholic Church often identify and are identified as "Chaldean" but, like adherents of the Syriac Orthodox Church, Syriac Catholic Church, Assyrian Church of the East and Ancient Church of the East who also live in or originate from Upper Mesopotamia, they call themselves Suraye in their own language. When their community entered communion with Rome, the Catholic Church called them, as before, Chaldeans, prohibiting the use for them of the description "Nestorians", rese
There were 640,828 adherents of the Chaldean Catholic Church worldwide according to the 2016 Annuario Pontificio.
The Chaldean community originates from groups of adherents of the Church of the East that entered into communion with the Roman Catholic Church in the 16th and 17th centuries. The community emerged after the schism of 1552. These "Nestorian" Uniates received the name "Chaldeans" from the Roman Curia, which had given the ancient name Chaldaei to them. The term Chaldean, used in reference to members of the Chaldean Catholic Church, arose in the mid-15th century. Previously, it was used in referenc
The 1896 census of the Chaldean Catholics counted 233 parishes and 177 churches or chapels, mainly in northern Iraq and southeastern Turkey. The Chaldean Catholic clergy numbered 248 priests; they were assisted by the monks of the Congregation of St. Hormizd, who numbered about one hundred. There were about 52 Assyrian Chaldean schools. At Mosul there was a patriarchal seminary, distinct from the Chaldean seminary directed by the Dominicans. The total number of Assyrian Chaldean Christians as by
- 17,172 (2016)
- 10,000 (2016)
- 31,372 (2016)
- 48,594 (2016)
- Family tree of the Chaldean dynasty
The Chaldean dynasty, also known as the Neo-Babylonian dynasty and enumerated as Dynasty X of Babylon, was the ruling dynasty of the Neo-Babylonian Empire, ruling as kings of Babylon from the ascent of Nabopolassar in 626 BC to the fall of Babylon in 539 BC. The dynasty, as connected to Nabopolassar through descent, was deposed in 560 BC by the Aramean official Neriglissar, though he was connected to the Chaldean kings through marriage and his son and successor, Labashi-Marduk, might have reintr
The term "Chaldean dynasty", and the corresponding "Chaldean Empire", an alternate historiographical name for the Neo-Babylonian Empire, derives from the assumption that the dynasty's founder, Nabopolassar, was of Chaldean origin. Though contemporary sources suggest an origin in southern Mesopotamia, such as the Uruk prophecy text describing Nabopolassar as a "king of the sea" and a letter from the Assyrian king Sinsharishkun describing him as "of the lower sea", there is no source that ascribes
Broadly follows Wiseman. The reconstruction of Nabopolassar's ancestry follows Jursa, Neriglissar's ancestry follows Wiseman and the children of Nebuchadnezzar II follow Beaulieu and Wiseman. It is not clear whether Labashi-Marduk and Gigitum were Neriglissar's children by Kashshaya, or by another wife unrelated to the ruling dynasty. It is also not certain that Nabonidus actually married one of Nebuchadnezzar's daughters, which puts some uncertainty on the assumption that Belshazzar and his sib
People also ask
What do we know about the Chaldeans?
Who are the modern day Chaldeans?
What did the ancient Chaldeans speak?
What is the Chaldean Rite?
The Chaldean Catholic Church uses the East Syriac Rite . A slight reform of the liturgy was effective since 6 January 2007, and it aimed to unify the many different uses of each parish, to remove centuries-old additions that merely imitated the Roman Rite, and for pastoral reasons.
- Importance of the Oracles
- Metaphysics of the Oracles
- State of the text
The Chaldean Oracles are a set of spiritual and philosophical texts widely used by Neoplatonist philosophers from the 3rd to the 6th century CE. While the original texts have been lost, they have survived in the form of fragments consisting mainly of quotes and commentary by Neoplatonist writers. They were likely to have originally formed a single mystery-poem, which may have been in part compiled, in part received via trance, by Julian the Chaldean, or more likely, his son, Julian the Theurgist
The exact origins of the Chaldean Oracles are unknown, but are usually attributed to Julian the Theurgist and/or his father, Julian the Chaldean. "Chaldea" is the term that Greeks of the 4th century and later used for Babylon. It is the way they transliterated the Assyrian name Kaldū, which was an area that lay southeast of Babylonia towards the coast of the Persian Gulf. It is not known whether Julian the Chaldean was actually of Eastern descent, or whether the term "Chaldean" had by his ...
The Chaldean Oracles were considered to be a central text by many of the later neoplatonist philosophers, nearly equal in importance to Plato's Timaeus. This has led some scholars, beginning with F. Cumont, to declare the Oracles "The Bible of the Neoplatonists". The essence of Hellenistic civilization was the fusion of a Hellenic core of religious belief and social organization with Persian-Babylonian, Israelite and Egyptian cultures, including their mysterious and enthusiastic cults and wisdom
The metaphysical schema of the Chaldean Oracles begins with an absolutely transcendent deity called Father, with whom resides Power, a productive principle from which it appears Intellect proceeds. This Intellect has a twofold function, to contemplate the Forms of the purely intellectual realm of the Father, and to craft and govern the material realm. In this latter capacity the Intellect is Demiurge. The Oracles further posit a barrier between the intellectual and the material realm, personifie
The original poem has not come down to us in any connected form, and is known through quotations in the works of the neoplatonists, especially Damascius. Wilhelm Kroll published an edition, De oraculis Chadaicis in 1894 arranging all known fragments in order of subject with a Latin translation, and this is the basis of most later scholarly work, including the study by Hans Lewy, a Greek-French edition of the Oracles by Edouard des Places in 1971 and the currently standard edition in Greek and En
Chaldean Rite. The Chaldean Rite, or East Syrian Rite is a rite that is practiced by the Church of the East and its modern descendants, the Assyrian Church of the East, the Ancient Church of the East, the Chaldean Catholic Church, and the Syro-Malabar Catholic Church. The Chaldean Catholic Church and the Syro-Malabar Catholic Church are in full ...
Category talk:Chaldean Catholic dioceses. Chaldean Catholic dioceses is within the scope of WikiProject Catholicism, an attempt to better organize and improve the quality of information in articles related to the Catholic Church. For more information, visit the project page. This category does not require a rating on the project's quality scale.
Aug 02, 2015 · ChaldeanWiki is available wiki for all Chaldeans, Syriacs and our supporters. If you are knowledgeable about Chaldea, Beth Nahren, Mesopotamia, Chaldean and Syriac people and can add referenced material, we could use your help.
- Chaldean Identity
- External Links
The Chaldeans initially experienced some periods of religious and cultural freedom interspersed with periods of severe religious and ethnic persecution after Arab Islamic invasion and conquest of the 7th century AD. As heirs to ancient Mesopotamian civilisation, they also contributed hugely to the Arab Islamic Civilization during the Umayyads and the Abbasids by translating works of Greek philosophers to Syriac and afterwards to Arabic. They also excelled in philosophy, science and theology (...
Mongolian and Turkic rule
The region came under the control of the Mongol Empire after the fall of Baghdad in 1258. The Mongol khans were sympathetic with Christians and did not harm them. The most prominent among them was probably Isa, a diplomat, astrologer, and head of the Christian affairs in the Yuan Dynasty in East Asia. He spent some time in Persia under the Ilkhans. The 14th century AD massacres of Timur in particular, devastated the Chaldean people. Timur's massacres and pillages of all that was Christian dra...
From Iranian Safavid to confirmed Ottoman rule
The Ottomans secured their control over Mesopotamia and Syria in the first half of the 17th century following the Ottoman–Safavid War (1623–39) and the resulting Treaty of Zuhab. Non-Muslims were organised into millets. Syriac Christians, however, were often considered one millet alongside Armenians until the 19th century, when Nestorian, Syriac Orthodox and Chaldeans gained that right as well. A religious schism amongs the Chaldeans took place in the mid to late 16th century. Dissent over th...
The Chaldeans are considered to be one of the indigenous people in the Middle East. Their homeland was thought to be located in the area around the Tigris and Euphrates. Chaldeans are traditionally from Iraq, south eastern Turkey, north western Iranand north eastern Syria. There is a significant Chaldean population in Syria, where an estimated 877,000 Chaldeans live. In Tur Abdin, known as a homeland for Chaldeans, there are only 3000 left, and an estimated 25,000 in all of Turkey. After the...
Due to their Christian faith and ethnicity, the Chaldeans have been persecuted since their adoption of Christianity. During the reign of Yazdegerd I, Christians in Persia were viewed with suspicion as potential Roman subversives, resulting in persecutions while at the same time promoting Nestorian Christianity as a buffer between the Churches of Rome and Persia. Persecutions and attempts to impose Zoroastrianism continued during the reign of Yazdegerd II. During the eras of Mongol rule under...
Since the Chaldean genocide, many Chaldeans have fled their homelands for a more safe and comfortable life in the West. Since the beginning of the 20th century, the Chaldean population in the Middle East has decreased dramatically. As of today there are more Chaldeans in Europe, North America, and Australia than in their naive homeland of Mesopotamia, also known as Iraq, Syria and Southern Turkey. Read more about the Chaldean Diaspora. A total of 550,000 Chaldeans live in Europe. Large Chalde...
Chaldeans have several churches (see below). They speak, and many can read and write, dialects of Chaldean Neo-Aramaic. In certain areas of the Chaldean homeland, identity within a community depends on a person's village of origin (see List of Chaldean villages) or Christian denomination rather than their Chaldean ethnic commonality, for instance Chaldean Catholic. Neo-Aramaic exhibits remarkably conservative features compared with Imperial Aramaic.
Chaldean culture is largely influenced by Christianity. Main festivals occur during religious holidays such as Easter and Christmas. There are also secular holidays such as Kha b-Nisan(vernal equinox). People often greet and bid relatives farewell with a kiss on each cheek and by saying "ܫܠܡܐ ܥܠܝܟ" Shlama/Shlomo lokh, which means: "Peace be upon you." Others are greeted with a handshake with the right hand only; according to Middle Eastern customs, the left hand is associated with evil. Similarly, shoes may not be left facing up, one may not have their feet facing anyone directly, whistling at night is thought to waken evil spirits, etc. There are many Chaldean customs that are common in other Middle Eastern cultures. A parent will often place an eye pendant on their baby to prevent "an evil eye being cast upon it".Spitting on anyone or their belongings is seen as a grave insult.
Chaldeans of Mesopotamia (2015). Native Chaldean People of Mesopotamia Iraq, Syria, Turkey and Iran.