- He was king of the Franks and part of the Carolingian line until 768. On Christmas Day of the year 800 A.D. Charles was crowned by Pope Leo III as the Holy Roman Emperor and he remained emperor for fourteen years. The coronation took place at the Basilica of St. Peter in Rome and since then Charlemagne was called emperor and augustus . Charlemagne’s coronation marked the beginning of the creation of the Holy Roman Empire.
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Dec 22, 2010 · The Significance of the Coronation of Charlemagne. By Monica Fleener. Honours BA Thesis, Western Oregon University, 2005. Introduction: On Christmas Day in the year 800 A.D. Charlemagne, king of the Franks and part of the Carolingian line, was crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Leo III (795-816). The coronation took place during mass at the Basilica of St. Peter in Rome; immediately following the coronation, the acclamation of the people of Rome was heard: “To Charles, the most pious ...
The main significance of Charlemagne being crowned Holy Roman Emperor was it legitimized his claim over the territories in Italy.
In his role as a zealous defender of Christianity, Charlemagne gave money and land to the Christian church and protected the popes. As a way to acknowledge Charlemagne’s power and reinforce his relationship with the church, Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne emperor of the Romans on December 25, 800, at St.
- Charlemagne’s Early Life
- Military Campaigns
- Emperor of The Romans
- The Carolingian Renaissance
- Charlemagne’s Death
Charlemagne was born during the decade of 740 AD. He was born either in Liège in modern day Belgium or in Aachen of modern day Germany. His father was Pepin the Short, who became the first Carolingian King of the Franks in 751 AD, whilst his mother was Bertrada of Laon. Little is known about Charlemagne’s childhood and education. 1. 1,200-year-old bones found in Aachen Cathedral in Germany believed to belong to Charlemagne, King of the Franks 2. Joyeuse: The Legendary Sword of Charlemagne 3. Durandal - The legendary Sword of Roland According to Einhard’s Life of Charlemagne , the emperor had “the gift of ready and fluent speech, and could express whatever he had to say with the utmost clearness.” Additionally, Charlemagne had a talent in learning languages, and was able to speak Latin “as well as his native tongue”, and he could “understand Greek better than he could speak it.” It is unclear, however, if these languages were learned by Charlemagne as a child or as an adult. Charlema...
Following Pepin’s death in 768 AD, the kingdom was divided between Charlemagne and his younger brother, Carloman. Following Carloman’s death in 771 AD, Charlemagne became the sole ruler of the Kingdom of the Franks. The new ruler began to expand his kingdom in all directions in a series of military campaigns. A picture from the 15th century depicting the emperor Charlemagne. ( Public Domain ) Some of these campaigns include the war against the Saxons from 772 AD until the end of that century, and the conquest the Lombard Kingdom in 774 AD. In war, Charlemagne was a ruthless leader. For example, the war against the Saxons, who were pagans, was marked by a great amount of bloodshed. The conquered Saxons were supposedly given the choice of either converting to Christianity, or being put to the sword. At the Massacre of Verden in 782 AD, around 4500 Saxons were slaughtered by Charlemagne’s forces. The Sachsenhain memorial to the massacre in Verden an der Aller, Germany. (CC BY 3.0 )
In 800 AD, Pope Leo III was facing a rebellion, and was attacked on the streets of Rome, hence was compelled to seek the aid of Charlemagne. According to Einhard, Charlemagne came to Rome, set the affairs of the Church in order, and, as a reward, was crowned ‘Emperor of the Romans’ by the pope on Christmas day of the same year. Pope Leo III crowning Charlemagne as Emperor on Christmas Day. ( Public Domain ) Whilst Charlemagne is said to have been a ruthless military leader, he is thought to have been quite a different character outside the battle field. Charlemagne was apparently a highly capable administrator, a skilled diplomat, and a cultured man. 1. Ten Legendary Swords from the Ancient World 2. The Phoenician city of Tyre - A rich history of industry, mythology and conflict 3. Getting to the Bottom of the Captivating Cup of the Ptolemies His coronation as ‘Emperor of the Romans’, for instance, was not well-received by the Byzantines. Through diplomacy, however, Charlemagne was...
It was also under Charlemagne’s rule that the so-called ‘Carolingian Renaissance’ occurred. Einhard wrote that Charlemagne was interested in learning. Although the emperor tried his hand at different branches of learning, he was not so successful as he had begun these studies at an old age, Alcuin was one of the leading scholars of the Carolingian Renaissance. ( Public Domain ) Nevertheless, it was due to Charlemagne’s patronage of such scholars that Western Europe was able to experience a cultural and intellectual revival.
Charlemagne died in 814 AD, and his empire passed to his only surviving adult son, Louis the Pious. In this way, Charlemagne’s empire was kept intact for another generation. It was after the death of Louis the Pious that the Holy Roman Empire was divided into three parts, thus marking the beginning of the long road towards the formation of the Kingdoms of France and Germany. Charlemagne and his son, Louis the Pious. ( Public Domain ) Top image: A depiction of Charlemagne. Photo source: Flamingo Travels By Wu Mingren
described in the primary sources and interpreted by historians, the significance of the coronation originates from Charlemagne’s restoration of the Roman Church, which indicates a strengthening relationship between the Church and the secular power in the West and a corresponding deteriorating relationship between the Eastern and Western
- Monica Fleener
Jan 23, 2019 · Charlemagne. For centuries his name has been legend. Carolus Magnus (" Charles the Great "), King of the Franks and Lombards, Holy Roman Emperor, the subject of numerous epics and romances—he was even made a saint. As a figure of history, he is larger than life.
Sep 29, 2017 · Why Did Pope Leo III Crown Charlemagne the First Holy Roman Emperor? Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne Emperor of the Romans on Christmas Day, 800. His coronation was the culmination of years of mutual support between Charlemagne and the Holy See, and shored up a mutually beneficial relationship.
definition: crowned Charlemagne the "Holy Roman Emperor" significance: strained Byzantian relationship
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