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  1. Charles Martel - Wikipedia › wiki › Frankish_Civil_War_(715-718)

    Charles, nicknamed "Martel", or "Charles the Hammer" in later chronicles, was the illegitimate son of Pepin of Herstal and his mistress, possible second wife, Alpaida. [11] [12] He had a brother named Childebrand , who later became the Frankish dux (that is, duke ) of Burgundy .

  2. Charles II of Naples - Wikipedia › wiki › en:Charles_II_of_Naples
    • Early Life
    • Regent
    • Captivity
    • Reign
    • Family

    Born in 1254, Charles was the son of Charles I of Anjou and Beatrice of Provence. He was the sole heir of his father's vast dominion. By the time of Charles' birth, his father had seized Provence and Forcalquier (in the Holy Roman Empire), Anjou and Maine (in France), and the Kingdom of Sicily (a fief of the Holy See). In the 1270s, his father also proclaimed himself King of Albania (in reference to his conquests along the Eastern coast of the Ionian Sea), partially asserted his claim to the Kingdom of Jerusalem, and inherited Achaea (in the Peloponnese).Charles' mother died in 1267, but his father's determination to keep his empire intact deprived Charles of his maternal inheritance during his father's lifetime. Charles I arranged a double marriage alliance with Stephen V of Hungary in 1269. Stephen's daughter, Maria was engaged to Charles, and Charles' sister, Isabelle to Maria's brother, Ladislaus. Charles fell seriously ill in late 1271. To encourage prayers for his recovery, hi...

    His father appointed him to administer Provence in late 1279. He accompanied his cousin, Philip III of France, to a meeting with Peter III of Aragon at Toulouse in December 1280. Peter was the son-in-law of Manfred of Sicily who had lost the Kingdom of Sicily to Charles' father in 1266. Peter insolently ignored Charles during the meeting, although both Philip III and James II of Majorca, who was also present, reminded Peter that Charles was closely related to him. The envoys of Charles' father with the representatives of Rudolf I of Germany and the Holy See started negotiations about the restoration of the Kingdom of Arles in 1278. They reached a compromise, that Pope Martin IV included in a papal bull on 24 May 1281. The bull prescribed that the kingdom, which should include the Dauphiné, Savoy and the nearby territories, was to be given to Charles' son, Charles Martel, on the day of his marriage with Rudolf's daughter, Clemence.Charles was appointed regent for his minor son. Heavy...

    The inhabitants of Naples urged Charles to expel the Aragonese garrison from Nisida. Although his father had forbidden him to attack the Aragonese until his arrival, Charles decided to invade the islet. Believing that most Aragonese ships had left the Bay of Naples, he sailed for Nisida on 5 June 1284, but the Aragonese galleys soon surrounded and defeated his fleet. During the battle, Charles fell into captivity. He was first taken to Messina where the crowd demanded his execution in revenge for Conradin (Manfred of Sicily's young nephew, who had been beheaded at Charles I's order in 1268). To save Charles' life, Constance of Sicily—Peter III of Aragon's wife—imprisoned him at the fortress of Cefalù. Charles I died on 7 January 1285. On his deathbed, he had made Robert of Artois regent for the minor Charles Martel who would rule as vicar general until Charles was released from captivity. The Provençal delegates held a general assembly at Sisteron and decided to do their utmost to s...

    Start of his reign

    Pope Nicholas IV crowned Charles king in Rieti on Whit Sunday 1289. To persuade Charles to continue the war for Sicily, the pope granted the tenth of Church revenues from Southern Italy to him. The pope also absolved Charles from the promises that he had made to secure his release. Edward I of England protested against the pope's decision and continued to mediate between Charles and Alfonso III of Aragon. At Edward's request, Alfonso III released Charles Martel in exchange for Charles' fifth...


    Charles left Southern Italy to start new negotiations with Philip IV. Before visiting Paris, he went to the Aragonese frontier to offer himself for imprisonment on 1 November in accordance with the treaty of Canfranc, but nobody came to arrest him. Charles and Philip IV signed a treaty at Senlis on 19 May 1290. Charles gave his daughter, Margaret, in marriage to Charles of Valois, giving Anjou and Maine to him as her dowry in return for his promise to abandon his claim to Aragon with the pope...


    Pope Boniface VIII confirmed the compromise between James and Charles in Anagni on 12 June 1295. However, the Sicilians refused the Treaty of Anagni and James of Aragon's brother, Frederick, was crowned king of Sicily on 12 December 1295. Frederick soon made a raid against Basilicata. An attempt was made to bribe Frederick into consenting to this arrangement, but being backed up by his people he refused, and was afterwards crowned King of Sicily. The ensuing war was fought on land and sea, bu...

    In 1270, he married Maria of Hungary (c. 1257 – 25 March 1323), the daughter of Stephen V of Hungary and Elizabeth the Cuman.They had fourteen children: 1. Charles Martel of Anjou (1271-1295), titular King of Hungary 2. Margaret (1273– 31 December 1299), Countess of Anjou and Maine, married at Corbeil 16 August 1290 to Charles of Valois 3. Saint Louis of Toulouse (9 February 1274, Nocera Inferiore – 19 August 1298, Chateau de Brignoles), Bishop of Toulouse 4. Robert the Wise (1276-1343), King of Naples 5. Philip I of Taranto (1278-1331/2), Prince of Achaea and Taranto, Despot of Romania, titular Emperor of Constantinopleand titular King of Albania 6. Blanche of Anjou (1280 – 14 October 1310, Barcelona), married at Villebertran 1 November 1295 James II of Aragon 7. Raymond Berengar (1281–1307), Count of Provence, Prince of Piedmont and Andria 8. John (1283 – aft. 16 March 1308), a priest 9. Tristan (1284–bef. 1288) 10. Eleanor of Anjou, (August 1289 – 9 August 1341, Monastery of St....

  3. Charles Martel - Wikipedia › en › wiki

    Apr 27, 2020 · Charles Martel (c. 688 – 22 October 741) was a Frankish statesman and military leader who, as Duke and Prince of the Franks and Mayor of the Palace, was the de facto ruler of Francia from 718 until his death. He was a son of the Frankish statesman Pepin of Herstal and Pepin's mistress, a noblewoman named Alpaida.

  4. Paul I Šubić of Bribir - Wikipedia › wiki › Paul_I_Subic_of_Bribir

    The sudden death of Charles Martel from the plague in 1295 hampered the ambitions of the Anjou family. Charles Martel's rights to the throne passed to his son, Charles Robert. Charles II confirmed Paul's position of ban for life. Andrew III was accepted as king by the nobility and a short period of peace followed.

    • c. 1245
    • 1273–1274, 1275–1312
    • Maurus (1st term), Nicholas Gutkeled (2nd term)
    • Mladen II Šubić
  5. Gertrude of Hohenberg - Wikipedia › wiki › Gertrude_of_Hohenberg

    Clementia (c. 1262 – after 7 February 1293), married 1281 in Vienna to Charles Martel of Anjou, the Papal claimant to the throne of Hungary and mother of king Charles I of Hungary, as well as of queen Clementia of France, herself the mother of the baby king John I of France. Hartmann (1263, Rheinfelden – 21 December 1281), drowned in Rheinau.

    • Burkhard V, Count of Hohenberg
    • Hohenberg
  6. History of Marseille - Wikipedia › wiki › Gyptis_(mythology)

    History of Marseille. Marseille, France was originally founded circa 600 BC as the Greek colony of Massalia and populated by Greeks from Phocaea (modern Foça, Turkey ). It became the preeminent Greek polis in the Hellenized region of southern Gaul. The city-state allied with the Roman Republic against Carthage during the Second Punic War (218 ...

  7. 1270s - Wikipedia › wiki › 1270s

    August 25 – King Louis IX of France dies while besieging the city of Tunis, possibly due to poor quality drinking water. October 30 – The siege of Tunis and the Eighth Crusade end, through an agreement between Charles I of Sicily (Louis IX's brother) and Muhammad I al-Mustansir, Khalif of Tunis. Other events.

  8. Charles "the Hammer" Martel Mayor of the Palace (686-741 ... › en › ancestral-glimpses

    Oct 03, 2017 · Charles Martel was born on August 23, 686 in Herstal, Liège, Walloon Region, BELGIUM, son of Pepin II d'Héristal and Alpaïde Mulher. He was married about 713 to Rotrude Duchess of Austrasia, they gave birth to 1 child.. He died on October 22, 741 in Quierzy, Aisne, Nord-Pas-de-Calais-Picardie, FRANCE. This information is part of Ancestral Glimpses by Dae Powell on Genealogy Online.

  9. France - Wikipedia › wiki › Franse

    France is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban areas include Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.

  10. Marseille - Wikipedia - TerritorioScuola › en

    Jul 03, 2020 · From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. ... of 1,760,653 as of 2017, ... went into decline following the sack of 739 AD by the forces of Charles Martel.

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