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  1. Apr 27, 2019 · Biography . Charles Martel of Anjou. Charles Martel (8 September 1271 – 12 August 1295) of the Angevin dynasty, also known as Charles I Martel, (French: Charles Martel d'Anjou, Italian: Carlo Martello, Hungarian: Martell Károly) was the eldest son of king Charles II of Naples and Maria of Hungary, the daughter of King Stephen V of Hungary.

  2. File:Arms of Charles-Martel of Hungary.svg - Wikimedia

    commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Arms_of_Charles...

    Usage on es.wikipedia.org Casa de Anjou-Sicilia; Usage on fr.wikipedia.org Charles Martel de Hongrie; Usage on hu.wikipedia.org Anjou Károly calabriai herceg (1271–1295) Anjou-ház (Capeting) Usage on it.wikipedia.org Carlo Martello d'Angiò; Usage on ko.wikipedia.org 앙주가 (동음이의) Usage on pt.wikipedia.org Carlos Martel de Anjou ...

    • Own work
  3. History of Marseille - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gyptis_(mythology)

    After his death, his daughter Beatrice of Provence married Louis IX of France's brother Charles I of Anjou in 1246, making him Count. Charles continued his father-in-law's administrative changes, which reignited discontent. Marseille rebelled in 1248, under the leadership of two local nobles, Barral of Baux and Boniface of Castellane, while ...

  4. Charles I of Anjou | Military Wiki | Fandom

    military.wikia.org/wiki/Charles_I_of_Anjou
    • Early Life
    • Wider Ambitions
    • Mediterranean Empire
    • Collapse
    • Family
    • Legacy

    Childhood

    Charles was the youngest child of Louis VIII of France and Blanche of Castile. The date of his birth was not recorded, but he was most probably a posthumous son, born in early 1227.[note 1] Charles was Louis's only surviving son to be "born in the purple" (after his father's coronation), as he often emphasized it in his youth, according to Matthew Paris. He was the first Capet to be named for Charlemagne. Louis willed that his youngest sons were to be prepared for a career in the Roman Cathol...

    Provence and Anjou

    Raymond Berengar V of Provence died in August 1245. He bequeathed Provence and Forcalquier to his youngest daughter, Beatrice, because he had allegedly given generous dowries to her three sisters. The dowries were actually not fully discharged, or at least her two sisters, Margaret (Louis IX's wife) and Eleanor (the wife of Henry III of England), thought that they were unlawfully disinherited. Their mother, Beatrice of Savoy, claimed that Raymond Berengar had willed the usufructof Provence to...

    Seventh Crusade

    Louis IX had taken a vow to lead a crusade in December 1244. Ignoring their mother's strong opposition, his three brothers—Robert, Alphonse and Charles—also took the Cross. Preparations for the crusade lasted for years, thus the crusaders embarked at Aigues-Mortes on 25 August 1248. After spending several months in Cyprus, they invaded Egypt on 5 June 1249. They captured Damietta and decided to attack Cairo in November. During their advance, Jean de Joinville noticed Charles' personal courage...

    Conflicts and consolidation

    During Charles' absence, rebellions had broken out in Provence. He applied both diplomacy and military force to deal with them. The archbishop of Arles and the bishop of Digne ceded their secular rights in the two towns to Charles in 1250. He received military assistance from his brother, Alphonse. Arles was the first town to surrender to them in April 1251. In May, they forced Avignon to acknowledge their joint rule. A month later, Barral of Baux also capitulated. Marseilles was the only tow...

    Conquest of the Regno

    Louis IX decided to support Charles' military campaign to Italy in May 1263. Pope Urban IV promised to proclaim a crusade against Manfred, while Charles pledged that he would not accept any offices in the Italian towns. Manfred staged a coup in Rome, but the Guelphs balked his plan and elected Charles senator.He accepted the office, for which a group of cardinals requested the pope to revoke the agreement with him; the pope, being defenseless against Manfred, could not break with Charles. In...

    Conradin

    Charles was lenient with Manfred's supporters, but they did not believe that this conciliatory policy could last. They knew that he had promised to return estates to the Guelph lords expelled from the Regno. Neither could Charles achieve the commoners' loyalty, especially because he continued levying an irksome tax, the subventio generalis, although the popes had declared it an illegal charge. He introduced a ban on the use of foreign currency in large transaction and made a profit of the com...

    Italy

    The widowed Charles married Margaret of Nevers in November 1268. She was co-heiress to her father, Odo, the eldest son of Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy. Pope Clement died on 29 November 1268.The vacancy lasted for three years, which strengthened Charles' authority in Italy, but it also deprived him of the ecclesiastic support that only a pope could provide to him. Charles returned to Lucera to personally direct its siege in April 1269. The Saracens and the Ghibellins who had escaped to the town r...

    Eighth Crusade

    Louis IX never abandoned the idea of the liberation of Jerusalem, but he decided to begin his new crusade with a military campaign against Tunis. According to his confessor, Geoffrey of Beaulieu, Louis was convinced that al-Mustansir of Tunis was ready to convert to Christianity. The 13th-century historian Saba Malaspinastated that Charles persuaded Louis to attack Tunis, because he wanted to secure the payment of the tribute that the rulers of Tunis had paid to the Sicilian monarchs until Ma...

    Attempts to expansion

    Charles accompanied Philip III as far as Viterbo in March 1271. Here they could not convince the cardinals to elect a new pope. Charles' brother, Alphonse of Poitiers, fell ill. Charles sent his best doctors to cure him, but Alphonse died. He claimed the major part of Alphonse inheritance, including the Marquisate of Provence and the County of Poitiers, because he was Alphonse's nearest kin. After Philip III refuted, he took the case to the Parlement of Paris.In 1284, the court ruled that app...

    Sicilian Vespers

    Always in need of funds, Charles could not cancel the subventio generalis, although it had been the most unpopular tax in the Regno. Instead, he granted exemptions to individuals and communities, especially to the French and Provençal colonists, which increased the burdens of those who did not enjoy such privileges. The yearly or occasionally more frequent obligatory exchange of the deniers—the coins almost exclusively used in local transactions—was also an important (and unpopular) source of...

    War with Aragon

    Peter III of Aragon's envoy, William of Castelnou, started negotiations with the rebels' leaders in Palermo. Realizing that they could not resist without foreign support, they acknowledged Peter and Constance as their king and queen. They appointed envoys to accompany Castelnou to Collo where the Aragonese fleet was assembling. After a short hesitation, Peter decided to intervene on the rebels' behalf and sailed to Sicily. He was declared king of Sicily in Palermo on 4 September. Thereafter t...

    Death

    Charles went to Brindisi and made preparations for a campaign against Sicily in the new year. He dispatched orders to his officials ordering the collection of the subventio generalis. However, he fell seriously ill before moving to Foggia on 30 December.He made his last will on 6 January 1285, making Robert II of Artois regent for his grandson, Charles Martel, who was to rule his realms until Charles of Salerno was released. He died in the morning of 7 January. He was buried in a marble sepul...

    All records show that Charles was a faithful husband and a caring father. His first wife, Beatrice of Provence, gave birth to at least six children. According to contemporaneous gossips, she persuaded Charles to claim the Regno, because she wanted to wear a crown like his sisters. Before she died in July 1267,she had willed the usufruct of Provence to Charles. The eldest daughter of Charles and Beatrice, Blanche, became the wife of Robert of Béthune in 1265, but she died four years later. Her younger sister, Isabelle, was given in marriage to the future Ladislaus IV of Hungary in 1269, but Ladislaus preferred his mistresses to her. Charles' youngest daughter, Beatrice, married Philip, the titular Latin Emperor, in 1273. Charles granted the Principality of Salerno to his eldest son and namesake in 1272. Charles the Lame (as he was called) and his wife, Maria of Hungary, had thirteen children, which secured the survival of the Capetian House of Anjou. Charles and Beatrice's next son,...

    The works of Bartholomaeus of Neocastro and Saba Malaspina strongly influenced modern views about Charles, although they were biased. The former described Charles as a tyrant to justify the Sicilian Vespers, the latter argued for the cancellation of the crusade against Aragon in 1285. Actually, Charles continued his Hohenstaufen predecessors' policies in several fields, including coinage, taxation, and the employment of unpopular officials from Amalfi. Nevertheless, the monarchy underwent a "Frenchification" or "Provençalistion" during his reign. He donated estates to about 700 noblemen from France or Provence in the Regno. He did not adopt the rich ceremonial robes, inspired by Byzantine and Islamic art, of earlier Sicilian kings, and dressed like other Western European monarchs,or rather as "a simple knight", as it was observed by Thomas Tuscus in 1267. Around 1310, Giovanni Villani stated that Charles had been the most powerful Christian monarch in the late 1270s. Luchetto Gattil...

    • early 1227
    • Beatrice of Provence Margaret of Burgundy
    • William of Villehardouin
    • Beatrice II Charles II
  5. Croatia in union with Hungary - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kingdom_of_Croatia_and_Hungary

    The Babonić family was initially on the Anjou side, but soon came out for Andrew III. To retain Croatian support, father of Charles Martel, Charles II of Naples, awarded in the name of his son all lands from the Gvozd Mountain to the Neretva River hereditarily to Paul Šubić. The position of the ban was thus made hereditary for the Šubić ...

  6. My 41st Great Grandfather: Charles "Martel" Mayor of the ...

    www.pinterest.com/pin/26880928995863918

    Feb 25, 2012 - My 41st Great Grandfather: Charles "Martel" Mayor of the Palace of Austrasi 676 - 741

  7. French art - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Art_of_France

    French art consists of the visual and plastic arts (including French architecture, woodwork, textiles, and ceramics) originating from the geographical area of France.Modern France was the main centre for the European art of the Upper Paleolithic, then left many megalithic monuments, and in the Iron Age many of the most impressive finds of early Celtic art.

  8. Dante Alighieri - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dante_Alighieri

    Dante, like most Florentines of his day, was embroiled in the Guelph–Ghibelline conflict.He fought in the Battle of Campaldino (June 11, 1289), with the Florentine Guelphs against Arezzo Ghibellines; then in 1294 he was among the escorts of Charles Martel of Anjou (grandson of Charles I of Anjou) while he was in Florence.

  9. 20+ The House of Anjou images | plantagenet, eleanor of ...

    www.pinterest.com/ajtyrrell/the-house-of-anjou

    Dec 3, 2016 - Explore Andy Tyrrell's board "The House of Anjou" on Pinterest. See more ideas about Plantagenet, Eleanor of aquitaine, House of plantagenet.

  10. 100+ Genealogy images | history, merovingian, genealogy

    www.pinterest.com/dingmanland/genealogy

    May 18, 2016 - Explore Debbie Dingman's board "genealogy" on Pinterest. See more ideas about History, Merovingian, Genealogy.

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