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  1. Charles V (21 January 1338 – 16 September 1380), called the Wise (French: le Sage; Latin: Sapiens), was King of France from 1364 to his death in 1380. His reign marked an early high point for France during the Hundred Years' War, with his armies recovering much of the territory held by the English, and successfully reversed the military losses of his predecessors.

    • Standing Army
    • Untitled
    • Tard-Venus
    • John vs. Jean
    • Crusade in Hungary?
    • Coinage
    • No Citations - I Added Template
    • Abcess on Arm
    • Assessment Comment

    "He established the first permanent army paid with regular wages" Is it not Charles VII who established this? I'll return to this later and change it once confirmed — Preceding unsigned comment added by Bnooet (talk • contribs) 02:16, 8 April 2017 (UTC)

    Again, a request to try to stick to the format we've been using for constency's sake. JHK I am again asking you to read comments -- especially as I took the time to provide the personal information you requested. I am not the only person who has asked that you observe how we've been doing historical biography articles, so that the ones you write are consistent. Also, I will ask you to tone down the modifiers to mantain a more neutral picture -- at present, most of your articles are opinionated in ways that do not necessarily represent current scholarship. For example "his reign was marred by the Hundred Years War" is fairly meaningless (it doesn't really say anything) and is more opinion than fact. It could be rewritten to say (if this is what you mean) that "in terms of x, his reign suffered due to the distractions posed by the HYW." Although this is an open content encyclopedia, there is a community here -- please try to get to know your neighbors and work with them. JHK Well well...

    This term is a bit misleading, unclear and it doesn't link anywhere. I suggest changing to Routiers. 1. Sure -- do you have a citation? "Tard-Venus" is the term used most frequently by Barbara Tuchman, who based A Distant Mirror on Froissart's work. The term is contemporary and does specifically describe the mercenaries in France at the time. But if something better exists, by all means use it.--Idols of Mud 16:56, 24 May 2006 (UTC) 1.1. I have read the Tuchman book and a few citable others. Not sure where I got Routieres from. The are also called "The Free Companies". The period of France of Charles V, called the Tard-Venus situation ,the curse of the free companies. CJ DUB03:49, 25 May 2006 (UTC) 1. Got it. They discuss all the terms in The Hundred Years War, by Desmond Seward. Routier (or (routières, Fr.) is interchangable with the Free Companies. Interestingly there is a page for neither on wiki. Maybe wiki french? CJ DUB03:56, 25 May 2006 (UTC) 1. OK. That does make it clearer....

    John II is often referred here as "Jean". Lets decide on the better version and stick to it, for the sake of consistency.See also Talk:John II of France Top.Squark (talk) 18:24, 9 May 2008 (UTC)

    The article claims that "to attempt to rid the land of the Tard-Venus, Charles first hired them for an attempted crusade into Hungary..."On what grounds did he plan a crusade into Christian Hungary? Was there a conflict between Hungary and the pope at the time? Top.Squark (talk) —Preceding commentwas added at 18:53, 9 May 2008 (UTC)

    Here's a coin of Charles V, one of the first francs coins. Feel free to insert it in the article. Cheers PHG (talk) 06:14, 25 January 2009 (UTC)

    Once again, as with Hundred Years' WarMain article (See Talk Page for proof of violations) - we have another article with absolutely NO CITATIONS. I hope that, as in the Hundred Years War Main article - copyrighted sources are not being used and left for someone else to clean up. Cite or lose I say. Mugginsx (talk) 15:08, 29 September 2012 (UTC) If editor or editos simply took the entire online source: and google translated it please indicate that. Thanks Mugginsx (talk) 11:43, 30 September 2012 (UTC)

    What's the deal with the supposed abscess on his arm? It says he had on abscess on his arm, and his doctors said he would die within 15 days if it dried up. It later says that the abscess dried up, he made preparations to die, and then died. It doesn't seem to make sense. — Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 20:57, 4 March 2014 (UTC)

    The comment(s) below were originally left at Talk:Charles V of France/Comments, and are posted here for posterity. Following several discussions in past years, these subpages are now deprecated. The comments may be irrelevant or outdated; if so, please feel free to remove this section. Last edited at 15:04, 28 February 2007 (UTC).Substituted at 11:21, 29 April 2016 (UTC)

  2. Charles became regent of France when his father John II was captured by the English at the Battle of Poitiers in 1356. Read more on Wikipedia. Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Charles V of France has received more than 966,353 page views. His biography is available in 64 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 62 in 2019).

    • Biography
    • King of France
    • Legacy
    • Marriage and Issue

    Early life

    Charles was born at the Château de Vincennes outside of Paris, the son of Prince John and Princess Bonne of France. He was educated at court with other boys of his age with whom he would remain close throughout his life: his uncle Philip, Duke of Orléans (only two years older than himself), his three brothers Louis, John, and Philip, Louis of Bourbon, Edward and Robert of Bar, Godfrey of Brabant, Louis I, Count of Étampes, Louis of Évreux, brother of Charles the Bad, John and Charles of Artoi...

    First Dauphin of the French Royal House

    Humbert II, Dauphin of Viennois, ruined due to his inability to raise taxes after a crusade in the Middle East, and childless after the death of his only son, decided to sell the Dauphiné, which was a fief of the Holy Roman Empire. Neither the pope nor the emperor wanted to buy and the transaction was concluded with Charles' grandfather, the reigning King Philip VI. Under the Treaty of Romans, the Dauphiné of Viennois was to be held by a son of the future king John the Good. So it was Charles...

    Mission in Normandy

    Charles was recalled to Paris at the death of his grandfather Philip VI and participated in the coronation of his father John the Good on 26 September 1350 in Reims. The legitimacy of John the Good, and that of the Valois in general, was not unanimous. His father, Philip VI, had lost all credibility with the disasters of Crécy, Calais, the ravages of the plague, and the monetary changes needed to support the royal finances. The royal clan had to cope with opposition from all sides in the king...

    Accession and first acts

    Charles was crowned King of France in 1364 at the Cathedral of Reims. The new king was highly intelligent, but closed-mouthed and secretive, with sharp eyes, a long nose and a pale, grave manner. He suffered from gout in the right hand and an abscess in his left arm, possibly a side-effect of an attempted poisoning in 1359. Doctors were able to treat the wound but told him that if it ever dried up, he would die within 15 days. His manner may have concealed a more emotional side; his marriage...

    War resumes

    After the Castillan campaign, the Black Prince was invalid and heavily in debt. His rule in Gasconybecame increasingly autocratic. Nobles from Gascony petitioned Charles for aid, and when the Black Prince refused to answer a summons to Paris to answer the charges, Charles judged him disloyal and declared war in May 1369. Instead of seeking a major battle, as his predecessors had done, Charles chose a strategy of attrition, spreading the fighting at every point possible. The French and Castill...

    Papal schism

    In 1376, Pope Gregory XI, fearing a loss of the Papal States, decided to move his court back to Rome after nearly 70 years in Avignon. Charles, hoping to maintain French influence over the papacy, tried to persuade Pope Gregory to remain in France, arguing that "Rome is wherever the Pope happens to be." Gregory refused. The Pope died in March 1378. When cardinals gathered to elect a successor, a Roman mob, concerned that the predominantly French College of Cardinals would elect a French pope...

    Charles' reputation was of great significance for posterity, especially as his conception of governance was one that courtiers wished his successors could follow. Christine de Pizan's biography, commissioned by Philip the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, in 1404, is a source of most of the intimate details of the king's life of which we are aware, but also provides a moral example for his successors. It draws heavily on the work of Nicole Oresme (who translated Aristotle's moral works into French) and Giles of Rome. Philippe de Mézières, in his allegorical "Songe du Vieil Pèlerin," attempts to persuade the dauphin (later King Charles VI) to follow the example of his wise father, notably in piety, though also to pursue reforming zeal in all policy considerations. Of great importance to Charles V's cultural program was his vast library, housed in his expanded Louvre, and described in great detail by the nineteenth-century French historian Leopold Delisle. Containing over 1,200 volumes, it was...

    On 8 April 1350 Charles married Joanna of Bourbon(3 February 1338 – 4 February 1378), leaving: 1. Joanna (September 1357 – 21 October 1360), interred at Saint-Antoine-des-Champs Abbey. 2. Bonne (1358 – 7 December 1360, Paris, France), interred beside her older sister. 3. Jean (Vincennes, 6 June 1366 – 21 December 1366), interred at Saint Denis Basilica. 4. Charles VI(3 December 1368 – 22 October 1422), King of France. 5. Marie (Paris, 27 February 1370 – June 1377, Paris). 6. Louis(13 March 1372 – 23 November 1407), Duke of Orléans. 7. Isabella (Paris, 24 July 1373 – 13 February 1377, Paris). 8. John (1374/76 – died young). 9. Catherine (Paris, 4 February 1378 – November 1388, buried at Abbaye De Maubuisson, France), m. John of Berry, Count of Montpensier (son of John, Duke of Berry). With Biette de Cassinel,[a]he had: 1. Jean de Montagu (Paris, ca.1350/1363 – 17 October 1409, Paris).[b]

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  4. Charles V (21 January 1338 – 16 September 1380), called the Wise ( French: le Sage; Latin: Sapiens ), was King of France from 1364 to his death in 1380. His reign marked an early high point for France during the Hundred Years' War, with his armies recovering much of the territory held by the English, and successfully reversed the military ...

  5. Charles V, called the Wise, was King of France from 1364 to his death. His reign marked an early high point for France during the Hundred Years' War, with his armies recovering much of the territory held by the English, and successfully reversed the military losses of his predecessors.

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