Charles VI (3 December 1368 – 21 October 1422), called the Beloved ( French: le Bien-Aimé) and later the Mad ( French: le Fol or le Fou ), was King of France from 1380 until his death in 1422. He is known for his mental illness and psychotic episodes which plagued him throughout his life.
- The King Goes Mad
- The Bal Des Ardents
- Dealing with England
- Marriage and Issue
- Cultural References
- External Links
His first known fit occurred in 1392 when his friend and advisor, Olivier de Clisson, was the victim of an attempted murder. Although Clisson survived, Charles was determined to punish the would-be assassin Pierre de Craon who had taken refuge in Brittany. Contemporaries said Charles appeared to be in a "fever" to begin the campaign and appeared disconnected in his speech. Charles set off with an army on July 1, 1392. The progress of the army was slow, nearly driving Charles into a frenzy of impatience. While traveling through a forest on a hot August morning, a barefoot man dressed in rags rushed up to the king's horse and grabbed his bridle. "Ride no further, noble King!" he yelled. "Turn back! You are betrayed!" The king's escorts beat the man back but did not arrest him, and he followed the procession for a half-hour, repeating his cries. The company emerged from the forest at noon. A page who was drowsy from the sun dropped the king's lance, which clanged loudly against a steel...
In January 1393, Queen Isabeau de Bavière organized a party to celebrate the marriage of one of her ladies-in-waiting. The king and five other lords dressed up as wild men and danced about chained to one another. The king's brother, Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans, approached with a lighted torch. One of the dancers caught fire and there was panic. The Duchesse de Berry, who recognized Charles, threw her robe over him and saved his life. Four of the other men perished. This incident became known as the Bal des Ardents(the 'Ball of the Burning Men'). Most accounts seem to agree that Louis's action was an accident; he was merely trying to find his brother. Be that as it may, Louis soon afterwards pursued an affair with the Queen and was murdered by his political rival John, Duke of Burgundy (also known as John the Fearless) in 1407. Charles's royal secretary Pierre Salmon spent much time in discussions with the king while he was suffering from his intermittent but incapacitating psyc...
Charles VI's reign was marked by the continuing war with the English (the Hundred Years' War). An early attempt at peace occurred in 1396 when Charles's daughter, the seven-year-old Isabella of Valois married the 29-year-old Richard II of England. The peace in France did not last. The feud between the Royal family and the house of Burgundy led to chaos and anarchy. Taking advantage, Henry V of England led an invasion which culminated in 1415 when the French army was defeated at the Battle of Agincourt. In 1420 Charles—now utterly incapacitated by his disease—signed the Treaty of Troyes which recognized Henry as his successor, declared his son a bastard and betrothed his daughter, Catherine of Valois, to Henry. Many citizens, including Joan of Arc, believed that the king only agreed to such disastrous and unprecedented terms under the mental stress of his illness and that, as a result, France could not be held to them. Charles VI died in 1422 at Paris and is interred with his wife, I...
Charles VI married: Isabeau of Bavaria (1371–September 24, 1435) on July 17, 1385. He also had one illegitimate child by Odette de Champdivers, Marguerite bâtarde de France (1407–1458).
The story "Hop-Frog, or The Eight Chained Ourang-Outangs" by Edgar Allan Poe involves a scene strikingly similar to the Bal des Ardents.McKay, Charles. Extraordinary Popular Delusions: And the Madness of Crowds. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books. 2001. ISBN 978-1573928915Retrieved June 8, 2007.Penard, Pierre Louis. Jean Juvl des Ursins: Historien de Charles VI., que de Beauvais et de Laon, archeve-duc de Reims. de sur sa vie & ses oeuvres.Boston, MA: Adamant Media Corporation. 2003.Tuchman, Barbara Wertheim. A Distant Mirror: The Calamitous 14th Century. New York: Knopf. 1978. ISBN 0394400267Retrieved June 8, 2007.
All links retrieved February 6, 2017. 1. Bonjour la France. Charles VI, the Well-Beloved 1380-1422France History - French History of the Valois Dynasty 1328-1589.
Oct 17, 2021 · Charles VI, byname Charles the Well-beloved or the Mad, French Charles le Bien-aimé orL’insensé, (born Dec. 3, 1368, Paris, France—died Oct. 21, 1422, Paris), king of France who throughout his long reign (1380–1422) remained largely a figurehead, first because he was still a boy when he took the throne and later because of his periodic fits of madness.
11. Charles VII of France (1403-61) (58 years) Married 1: 1422-61 (died) Marie, Princess of ...HouseHouse Of ValoisBirthDecember 3, 1368 Paris, FranceFatherCharles V (1338-80)MotherJoanna, Duchess of Bourbon (13 ...
- November 4, 1380
- Charles VII of France
- Charles V of France
France - France - Charles VI: Charles VI (reigned 1380–1422) was a minor when he succeeded his father. His uncles, each possessed of the ambition and resources to pursue independent policies, assumed control of the government.
- His Parents Were A Power Couple. Charles VI was born into a chaotic time. The Hundred Years War with England was raging, but his father, the formidable Charles the Wise, was up to the task.
- They Faced Heartbreak. Charles and Joanna had horrific luck when it came to parenthood. They struggled to produce a child for seven years after their wedding—and even when they succeeded, only heartbreak lay ahead.
- He Became An Orphan King. Charles VI didn’t get to enjoy his childhood for long. He lost his mother when he was just nine, then two years later, his father passed as well.
- His Uncles Were The Worst. They didn’t give Charles VI the keys to the castle right away. He was only 11 after all. Thankfully, he had several uncles, powerful dukes, who were kind enough to rule in his stead, as his regents.