China (Chinese: 中国; pinyin: Zhōngguó), officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia. It is the world's most populous country, with a population exceeding 1.4 billion, slightly ahead of India. China spans the equivalent of five time zones and borders fourteen countries by land, the most of any country in the world
China is one of the world's oldest civilizations: it has the oldest continuous civilization near Yellow River region There is archaeological evidence over 5,000 years old. China also has one of the world's oldest writing systems (and the oldest in use today). China has been the source of many major inventions.
When the Nationalist government forces were defeated by CCP forces in mainland China in 1949, the Nationalist government retreated to Taiwan with its forces, along with Chiang and a large number of their supporters; the Nationalist government had taken effective control of Taiwan at the end of WWII as part of the overall Japanese surrender, when Japanese troops in Taiwan surrendered to the Republic of China troops.
La República Popular China, mayormente conocida como China, es un país soberano de Asia Oriental. Es uno de los países más antiguos y el más poblado del mundo, con más de 1400 millones de habitantes, y la primera potencia económica mundial por PIB en términos de paridad de poder adquisitivo. Adoptó su nombre actual en 1949, después de denominarse Zhōngguó, Imperio chino o simplemente China, y desde 1912, República de China, disputando desde aquel año con la República de China ...
China's population reached 1 billion in late 1981. As of December 2022, China's population stood at 1.4118 billion. According to the 2020 census, 91.11% of the population was Han Chinese, and 8.89% were minorities. China's population growth rate is only 0.03%, ranking 159th in the world.
China is a one-party state wherein the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) holds ultimate power and authority over state and government and serves as the paramount leader. The current General Secretary is Xi Jinping , who took office on 15 November 2012 and was re-elected on 25 October 2017.
China has bilateral investment agreements with 100+ countries and economies. China's bilateral investment agreements cover expropriation, arbitration, and other investment related issues. These bilateral agreements are generally much weaker than investment treaties that the United States would want to negotiate.