Cholera is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. It infects the small intestine.. There are many types (strains) of the Vibrio cholera bacteria. Some of them cause more serious illnesses than others.
Cholera definition is - any of several diseases of humans and domestic animals usually marked by severe gastrointestinal symptoms; especially : an acute diarrheal disease caused by an enterotoxin produced by a comma-shaped gram-negative bacillus (Vibrio cholerae synonym V. comma) when it is present in large numbers in the proximal part of the human small intestine.
Jul 02, 2020 · Cholera is caused by the bacteria Vibrio cholerae. These bacteria release a toxin that causes an increased amount of water to be released from cells that line the intestines. This increase in water produces severe diarrhea. People develop the infection from eating or drinking food or water that contains the cholera germ.
Jul 27, 2019 · vibrio cholerae, the bacterium that causes cholera, is usually found in food or water contaminated by feces from a person with the infection. common sources include: * municipal water supplies * ice
What is cholera? Cholera is an acute diarrheal illness caused by certain strains of the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.. Who gets cholera? In the United States, cholera occurs in persons who travel to foreign countries where outbreaks of cholera are occurring and who drink contaminated water and food there, or those who eat raw or undercooked seafood, including seafood from the Gulf of Mexico.
Nov 22, 2019 · Cholera is a bacterial infection that can cause severe, life-threatening diarrhea. Cholera is caused by coming into contact with water or food contaminated by feces infected with Vibrio cholerae bacteria. Cholera is common in areas where sewage and drinking water are not adequately treated to remove contaminants.
cholera definition: 1. a serious infection of the bowels caused by drinking infected water or eating infected food…. Learn more.
In addition to ORT, NIAID-funded researchers have found at the cellular and molecular levels other promising avenues for cholera treatment. Through an NIH Merit Award, a team led by Alan Verkman, M.D., Ph.D., of the University of California, San Francisco, studied the cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator (CFTR), a chloride channel in the intestines that is activated during cholera infection.
Cholera is rare in the United States, but it’s still common in some other countries. Every year, more than 100,000 people around the world die from cholera. The good news is the cholera vaccine can lower the risk that people traveling to countries with cholera will get the disease. The cholera vaccine is an oral (swallowed) vaccine.
Cholera - Cholera - Cholera through history: The recorded history of cholera is relatively short and remarkable. Although the ancient Greek physicians Hippocrates (5th–4th century bce) and Galen (2nd–3rd century ce) referred to an illness that may well have been cholera, and there are numerous hints that a cholera-like malady has been well known in the fertile delta plains of the Ganges ...