The Electorate of Saxony ( German: Kurfürstentum Sachsen, also Kursachsen) was a state of the Holy Roman Empire established when Emperor Charles IV raised the Ascanian duchy of Saxe-Wittenberg to the status of an Electorate by the Golden Bull of 1356.  It comprised a territory of some 40,000 square kilometers (15,445 square miles). 
- The Younger Saxony: The Duchy and the Electorate
- Heads of the House of Wettin since 1918
This article lists dukes, electors, and kings ruling over different territories named Saxony from the beginning of the Saxon Duchy in the 9th century to the end of the Saxon Kingdom in 1918. The electors of Saxony from John the Steadfast (or, according to some accounts, Frederick the Wise) onwards have been Lutheran until Augustus II of Saxony conv...
Coat of arms of Saxony used since the accession of the House of Ascania to the dukedom in 1180, comprising the Ascanian arms with an added bendwise crancelin indicating the Saxon ducal rank The new dukes replaced the Saxon horse emblem () and introduced their Ascanian family colours and emblem () added by a bendwise crancelin, symbolising the Saxon...
The lineage of the House of Wettin is extant, although the family no longer exercises an official role in Saxony. For heads of republican Saxony, see List of Ministers-President of Saxony. King Frederick Augustus III, 1918–1932. Margrave Friedrich Christian, 1932–1968. Margrave Maria Emanuel, 1968–2012. Margrave Albert, 2012 (disputed). Margrave Al...
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Dresden - Treasures from the Saxon State Library Seite 076.jpg 2,784 × 1,000; 1.21 MB. Dresden Fuerstenzug Christian I.jpg 333 × 327; 84 KB. Dresden Fürstenzug 090.JPG 3,612 × 2,584; 4.08 MB. Foot-Combat Armor of Prince-Elector Christian I of Saxony (reigned 1586–91) MET DP271140.jpg 1,335 × 1,935; 1.44 MB.
Name (life data) time husband Remarks Elisabeth (February 2, 1443 - March 5, 1484) 1464-1484 serious: Elisabeth was a daughter of Duke Albrecht III. from Bayern-Munich.She married the future Elector of Saxony, Ernst, in 1460 and was the mother of his successors Friedrich “the Wise” and Johann “the Steadfast”.
Christina of Saxony (1461–1521) Queen of Norway and Denmark. Name variations: Christine.