Oct 21, 2020 · The tale of Christopher Columbus, the legendary Genoese explorer and navigator, has been retold and rewritten many times. To some, he was an intrepid explorer, following his instincts to a New World. To others, he was a monster, a trader of enslaved people who unleashed the horrors of the conquest on unsuspecting Indigenous societies.
For Brother Eugene Trzecieski, a Christopher Columbus High School educator and mentor, everything was “fabulous,” his students remember. “No matter what he was doing at the end of the day it was always ‘fabulous.’ That was his word ...
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4 days ago · Columbus Day is a national holiday in many countries of the Americas and elsewhere which officially celebrates the anniversary of Christopher Columbus's arrival in the Americas on October 12, 1492 (Julian Calendar; it would have been October 21, 1492, on the Gregorian Proleptic Calendar, which extends the Gregorian Calendar to dates prior to its adoption in 1582).
- October 14
- October 12 (actual/traditional); second Monday in October (observed in the United States)
- October 12
- Various countries in the Americas, Italy, Spain, various Little Italys around the world.
- "Discovery" of America
- Voyage in 1492
- Second Voyage
- Third Voyage
- Later Life
- Personal Life
- Columbus's Goals
- After Columbus
- Images For Kids
Columbus is often wrongly considered the first European person to have discovered the Americas. This idea is wrong for many reasons. For example, the Caribbean is not on the American mainland and Columbus only found the mainland in 1498 Also, the first European to find America was the Viking Leif Erikson, around 1000 AD. Finally, people do not agree that either Erikson or Columbus "discovered" America. Native Americanshad been living there for thousands of years before them. These earlier discoverers did not change the world as Columbus did.
Columbus wanted to find a shorter way to get to Asia. He thought he could get to Asia by sailing west from Europe. He did not know about the countries in the Western Hemisphere, so he did not realize they would block him from getting to Asia. However, Columbus did not have enough money to pay for this voyage on his own. He was able to get the King and Queen of Spain, Ferdinand II and Isabella I of Castile, to pay for the voyage. He promised to bring back gold and spicesfor them. In August of 1492, Columbus and his sailors left Spain in three ships: the Santa María (the Holy Mary), the Pinta (the Painted), and the Santa Clara (nicknamed the Niña: the Little Girl). The three ships were very small. Historians think that the largest ship, the Santa María, was only about 60 feet (18 metres) long, and about 16 to 19 feet (4.8 to 5.8 metres) wide. Columbus's other ships were even smaller. Historians think they were about 50–60 feet (15–18 metres) long.
On September 24, 1493, Columbus left Spain with enough ships, supplies, and men to invade and make Spanish colonies in the New World. He had 17 ships and 1,200 men. These men included soldiers and farmers. There were also priests, whose job was to convert the natives to Christianity. On this voyage, Columbus explored some of the islands of the Lesser Antilles. He also sailed around most of Hispaniola and explored the sides of Jamaica and Cuba he had not seen on his first voyage. Then he went back to the Navidad fort. He found the fort burned down. Eleven of the 37 soldiers Columbus left at the fort were buried there. The rest had disappeared. Historians think this happened because of diseaseand fights with the Arawak people.
Columbus made another voyage in 1498. King John II of Portugal had said there was a continent to the southwest of the Cape Verdeislands. On his third voyage, Columbus wanted to find this continent. Before the voyage, Queen Isabella reminded Columbus that he should treat all of the native people well and make them into Christians. On this voyage, Columbus sent three ships straight to the West Indies (the Caribbean). He led another three ships: first to two Portuguese islands, then to the Canary Islands, then Cape Verde. From Cape Verde, they sailed to the northern coast of South America and landed in Trinidad. He also explored part of South America and the islands now called Tobago and Grenada. On August 19, 1498, Columbus returned to Hispaniola. He found that many of the Spanish settlers there were unhappy. They thought there would be more gold in the New World. Some of them had rebelled while he was gone. Columbus had five of the rebellion's leaders hanged. He also tried to make th...
Columbus was arrested in Hispañola, now called Santo Domingo, on August 23, 1500. He was sent to Spain in chains in October 1500. He was released on December 12, 1500, and taken to court. Luckily, Columbus had important friends, like Dukes, other noblemen, and powerful Italian merchants. These friendships helped him get out of trouble. Columbus died of heart failure and arthritis in Valladolid, Spain, at the possible age of 54.
Columbus's relatives said that Columbus was born in Genoa, Italy. Today, no historian can say for sure where Columbus was born. Most experts think the best evidence says he was born in Genoa. However, other historians think Columbus was born somewhere else, like Spain or Portugal. Some think he was originally a Jew who converted to Christianity. Columbus wrote that he first went to sea when he was 14 years old. In 1477, Columbus married Felipa Moniz Perestrelo. She was from a semi-noble family with connections to sailing. She died around 1479 or 1480 while giving birthto their son, Diego. In 1485, while in Córdoba, Spain, Columbus met Beatriz Enríquez de Trasierra. They lived together for a while. They had one child named Fernando.
Columbus had a few different goals for his journeys to the New World. First, he believed he could find a shorter and easier route to Asia, which made things Europe did not. He believed he could find a shorter route to China. Other people had called this belief absurd. Columbus wanted to prove these people wrong. Second, Columbus wanted to find gold. Gold was the main kind of money used in Columbus's times. In his letter to Spain's King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella, Columbus wrote: “Gold is most excellent; gold is treasure, and [the person] who [has] it does all he wishes to in this world." This means that someone with gold can do anything he wants to do. Many historiansbelieve that Columbus wanted to become a powerful person – and in order to become powerful, he needed to find gold.
When the Spanish learned about the New World, many conquistadors, or conquerors, went there. This led to the Spanish colonization of the Americas. The Spanish conquistadors first settled on the islands of Hispaniola (now the Dominican Republic and Haiti), Cuba, and Puerto Rico. They grabbed as much gold as they could. The Spanish also brought priests and forced the Native Americans to convert to Christianity.
In the United States, Columbus Day is a holidaythat celebrates Columbus's arrival in the New World on October 12, 1492. The World's Columbian Exposition, which happened in 1893 in Chicago, Illinois, was held to celebrate the 400th anniversaryof Columbus visiting the Americas.Christopher Columbus at the gates of the monastery of Santa María de la Rábida with his son Diego, by Benet MercadéColumbus's handwritten notes in Latin, on the margins of his copy of The Travels of Marco Polo"Columbus map", drawn c. 1490 in the Lisbonworkshop of Bartolomeo and Christopher ColumbusToscanelli's notions of the geography of the Atlantic Ocean (shown superimposed on a modern map), which directly influenced Columbus's plans.
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4 days ago · History books say Christopher Columbus discovered America in 1492. Columbus Day has been celebrated since 1971, but not everyone shares the same views on what October 12th really means. Native Americans from the Blackfeet Reservation gathered for a peaceful protest in Great Falls Monday morning to speak out against years of oppression.
6 days ago · The Christopher Columbus statue is located on Abriendo Avenue directly across from Rawlings Library. Voting on the proposal occurred during the trustees’ Thursday night public board meeting at ...
4 days ago · Almost every American school child was taught to celebrate Christopher Columbus’ “discovery” of the Americas. However, Columbus was not a hero in the late 1400s, nor should he be idolized ...
2 days ago · La Santa María (The Saint Mary), alternatively La Gallega, was the largest of the three ships used by Christopher Columbus in his first voyage across the Atlantic Ocean in 1492, the others being the Niña and the Pinta.
4 days ago · NEW HAVEN, Conn., Oct. 11, 2020 /PRNewswire/ -- A new documentary on Christopher Columbus co-produced by the Knights of Columbus and the National Columbus Education Foundation with narration by Chazz
Oct 21, 2020 · クリストファー・コロンブス（伊: Cristoforo Colombo 、羅: Christophorus Columbus 、西: Cristóbal Colón 、葡: Cristóvão Colombo 、英: Christopher Columbus 、1451年ごろ - 1506年 5月20日）は探検家・航海者・コンキスタドール、奴隷商人。
1 day ago · Brother Eugene Trzecieski was a teacher at West Miami-Dade’s Christopher Columbus High School for 52 years. He died at age 91 on Oct. 26, 2020.