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Christopher Columbus. Biography >> Explorers for Kids. Columbus arriving in the Americas by Dioscoro Puebla. Occupation: Explorer. Born: 1451 in Genoa, Italy. Died: May 20, 1506. Best known for: Discovering America. Please note: The audio information from the video is included in the text below. Biography:
- "Discovery" of America
- Voyage in 1492
- Second Voyage
- Third Voyage
- Later Life
- Personal Life
- Columbus's Goals
- After Columbus
- Images For Kids
Columbus is often wrongly considered the first European person to have discovered the Americas. This idea is wrong for many reasons. For example, the Caribbean is not on the American mainland and Columbus only found the mainland in 1498 Also, the first European to find America was the Viking Leif Erikson, around 1000 AD. Finally, people do not agree that either Erikson or Columbus "discovered" America. Native Americanshad been living there for thousands of years before them. These earlier discoverers did not change the world as Columbus did.
Columbus wanted to find a shorter way to get to Asia. He thought he could get to Asia by sailing west from Europe. He did not know about the countries in the Western Hemisphere, so he did not realize they would block him from getting to Asia. However, Columbus did not have enough money to pay for this voyage on his own. He was able to get the King and Queen of Spain, Ferdinand II and Isabella I of Castile, to pay for the voyage. He promised to bring back gold and spicesfor them. In August of 1492, Columbus and his sailors left Spain in three ships: the Santa María (the Holy Mary), the Pinta (the Painted), and the Santa Clara (nicknamed the Niña: the Little Girl). The three ships were very small. Historians think that the largest ship, the Santa María, was only about 60 feet (18 metres) long, and about 16 to 19 feet (4.8 to 5.8 metres) wide. Columbus's other ships were even smaller. Historians think they were about 50–60 feet (15–18 metres) long.
On September 24, 1493, Columbus left Spain with enough ships, supplies, and men to invade and make Spanish colonies in the New World. He had 17 ships and 1,200 men. These men included soldiers and farmers. There were also priests, whose job was to convert the natives to Christianity. On this voyage, Columbus explored some of the islands of the Lesser Antilles. He also sailed around most of Hispaniola and explored the sides of Jamaica and Cuba he had not seen on his first voyage. Then he went back to the Navidad fort. He found the fort burned down. Eleven of the 37 soldiers Columbus left at the fort were buried there. The rest had disappeared. Historians think this happened because of diseaseand fights with the Arawak people.
Columbus made another voyage in 1498. King John II of Portugal had said there was a continent to the southwest of the Cape Verdeislands. On his third voyage, Columbus wanted to find this continent. Before the voyage, Queen Isabella reminded Columbus that he should treat all of the native people well and make them into Christians. On this voyage, Columbus sent three ships straight to the West Indies (the Caribbean). He led another three ships: first to two Portuguese islands, then to the Canary Islands, then Cape Verde. From Cape Verde, they sailed to the northern coast of South America and landed in Trinidad. He also explored part of South America and the islands now called Tobago and Grenada. On August 19, 1498, Columbus returned to Hispaniola. He found that many of the Spanish settlers there were unhappy. They thought there would be more gold in the New World. Some of them had rebelled while he was gone. Columbus had five of the rebellion's leaders hanged. He also tried to make th...
Columbus was arrested in Hispañola, now called Santo Domingo, on August 23, 1500. He was sent to Spain in chains in October 1500. He was released on December 12, 1500, and taken to court. Luckily, Columbus had important friends, like Dukes, other noblemen, and powerful Italian merchants. These friendships helped him get out of trouble. Columbus died of heart failure and arthritis in Valladolid, Spain, at the possible age of 54.
Columbus's relatives said that Columbus was born in Genoa, Italy. Today, no historian can say for sure where Columbus was born. Most experts think the best evidence says he was born in Genoa. However, other historians think Columbus was born somewhere else, like Spain or Portugal. Some think he was originally a Jew who converted to Christianity. Columbus wrote that he first went to sea when he was 14 years old. In 1477, Columbus married Felipa Moniz Perestrelo. She was from a semi-noble family with connections to sailing. She died around 1479 or 1480 while giving birthto their son, Diego. In 1485, while in Córdoba, Spain, Columbus met Beatriz Enríquez de Trasierra. They lived together for a while. They had one child named Fernando.
Columbus had a few different goals for his journeys to the New World. First, he believed he could find a shorter and easier route to Asia, which made things Europe did not. He believed he could find a shorter route to China. Other people had called this belief absurd. Columbus wanted to prove these people wrong. Second, Columbus wanted to find gold. Gold was the main kind of money used in Columbus's times. In his letter to Spain's King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella, Columbus wrote: “Gold is most excellent; gold is treasure, and [the person] who [has] it does all he wishes to in this world." This means that someone with gold can do anything he wants to do. Many historiansbelieve that Columbus wanted to become a powerful person – and in order to become powerful, he needed to find gold.
When the Spanish learned about the New World, many conquistadors, or conquerors, went there. This led to the Spanish colonization of the Americas. The Spanish conquistadors first settled on the islands of Hispaniola (now the Dominican Republic and Haiti), Cuba, and Puerto Rico. They grabbed as much gold as they could. The Spanish also brought priests and forced the Native Americans to convert to Christianity.
In the United States, Columbus Day is a holidaythat celebrates Columbus's arrival in the New World on October 12, 1492. The World's Columbian Exposition, which happened in 1893 in Chicago, Illinois, was held to celebrate the 400th anniversaryof Columbus visiting the Americas.Christopher Columbus at the gates of the monastery of Santa María de la Rábida with his son Diego, by Benet MercadéColumbus's handwritten notes in Latin, on the margins of his copy of The Travels of Marco Polo"Columbus map", drawn c. 1490 in the Lisbonworkshop of Bartolomeo and Christopher ColumbusToscanelli's notions of the geography of the Atlantic Ocean (shown superimposed on a modern map), which directly influenced Columbus's plans.
Christopher Columbus opened the world of the Americas to his fellow Europeans. Europeans called Vikings had reached the Americas hundreds of years before Columbus first arrived there in 1492. However, the Vikings did not establish long-lasting settlements. Columbus explored the area and brought back more Europeans with him on later trips.
Fun Facts About Christopher Columbus for Kids. Christopher Columbus was born on October 31, 1451 in Genoa, Italy. He began sailing when he was just a teenager. He went on trading voyages around the Mediterranean Sea. He took his first voyage into the Atlantic Ocean in 1476. French privateers attached his ship and set it on fire.
- Quick Facts
- The Earth Is Flat?
- Where Did Columbus Want to Go?
- The New World
- Who Found It First?
- Was Columbus A Hero?
- Later Life
Christopher Columbus was born in Genoa, Italy in 1451.His parents were Susanna and Domenico Columbus. His father was a weaver by trade. Though Christopher worked in his father’s shop when he was young, he wanted to be a sailor.When he was older, he got his wish and became a sailor. Then, in 1476, when Columbus was twenty-five, the ships that he was sailing with were attacked by French Pirates. His ship sank, and he swam to the nearest shore, which was the coast of Portugal.When he was well, h...
Despite what you may have read before, Columbus and the people of his time didn’t believe that the world was flat. They knew that it was round, but didn’t know how big it was.
During Columbus’ time, the only place to get certain spices or precious silks was by traveling to the Indies. The only sea route that had ever been used took a long time since they had to sail east around Africa.That is why Columbus wanted to sail to the west to try and reach the Indies. Since no one knew how big the Earth was, he argued that you could reach the Indies quickly by sailing to the west.However, when he went to the King of Portugal to tell him his idea and get money for a voyage,...
Then, in 1492, the king and queen of Spain agreed to help him. They gave him three ships: the Nina, the Pinta, and the Santa Maria. He and his crew set sail in August in search of the Indies.However, in October his crew sighted land. Columbus claimed that they had reached the Indies, though, in reality, it was an island off the coast of Florida, which he named San Salvador.Since Columbus thought that he was in the Indies, he called the locals Indians, though he had actually found the New World.
The reason that Columbus is considered as the first European to discover America is because he went back to Spain and told everyone about it. His discovery helped to shape the world we live in today, and so he is remembered.However, he was not the first European to set foot in the New World. The first people to find the Americas were actually the Vikings, led by Erik the Red, in the year 985. That is a full 500 years before Columbus!The Vikings were notoriously self-reliant though, and they d...
That depends on who you ask. For those in Europe, who saw the Americas as a chance for conquest and gold, the answer is yes. For the natives, however, he was not. His discovery led to many native cultures being wiped out or changed forever.
Columbus returned to America several times throughout his life. Even after it had been disproven, he still insisted that he had found the Indies and not the New World. He died in 1506.History
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- Christopher Columbus for Kidsmetatube.com
Christopher Columbus Facts for Kids, Columbus Day Facts for Kids. Columbus Day is celebrated on the 2nd Monday in the month of October. It is one of the ten U.S federal holidays. Columbus day celebrates the anniversary of Christopher Columbus landing on the Americas on October 12, 1492. Columbus Day is celebrated in the United States, Islands of the Americas, Spain, and Italy.
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