ukraine.um.dk/en/about-denmark/danish-history-and-culture/#:~:text=A civil war, however, later broke out between,of the German merchants of the Hanseatic Leauge.
- A civil war, however, later broke out between the nobles and the king as each vied for control of the country. Christopher II (1320-32) was forced to make major concessions to the nobles and clergy at the expense of royal power, which was also eroded by the influence of the German merchants of the Hanseatic Leauge.
People also ask
Who was Christopher I of Denmark?
Where was Christopher the first king of Denmark?
Was Denmark occupied by Germany during World War 2?
Who was the king of Denmark in 1439?
Eric of Pomerania was deposed as king of Denmark and Sweden in 1439. As Eric's nephew, Christopher, who was rather unfamiliar with Scandinavian conditions, was elected by the Danish State Council as the successor to his uncle, first as regent from 1439, and then proclaimed King of Denmark at the Viborg Assembly (Danish landsting) on 9 April 1440. He was meant to be a puppet, as evidenced by the saying: "Had the Council demanded the stars of heaven from him, he would have ordered it."
World War II Norway Denmark United Kingdom France Poland Nazi Germany: Defeat German forces occupy Denmark. 1940–1945 Occupation of Denmark World War II United Kingdom Soviet Union Hungary Nazi Germany: Victory German forces withdrew at the end of World War II following their surrender to the Allies on 5 May 1945.
He was the son of Valdemar II of Denmark by his second wife, Berengaria of Portugal. He succeeded his brothers Eric IV Plovpenning and Abel of Denmark on the throne. Christopher was elected King upon the death of his older brother Abel in the summer of 1252. He was crowned at Lund Cathedral on Christmas Day 1252.
The Danish monarchy has existed for more than 1000 years and is among the oldest royal houses in the world. Read more about the successive monarchs in Denmark all the way from Gorm the Old to the present sovereign, Queen Margrethe II
He was king of Denmark (1448–1481), Norway (1450–1481) and Sweden (1457–1464). From 1460 to 1481, he was also duke of Schleswig (within Denmark) and count (after 1474, duke) of Holstein (within the Holy Roman Empire). He was the first king of the House of Oldenburg.
Valdemar II (9 May 1170 – 28 March 1241), called Valdemar the Victorious or Valdemar the Conqueror (Valdemar Sejr), was the King of Denmark from 1202 until his death in 1241. The nickname Sejr is a later invention and was not used during the King's own lifetime.
Count’s War. In Count's War …Grevens Fejde, (1534–36), the last Danish war of succession, which resulted in the strengthening of the monarchy and in the establishment of Danish Lutheranism, as well as in a change in the Baltic balance of power. The war derived its name from Count Christopher of Oldenburg. Christopher unsuccessfully led the…
- from Vikings to Lutheranism
- War with Sweden, Allied to Napoleon, The Road to Democracy
- Denmark and Germany, More Social Reform
- Blossoming of Culture
- World War II and Post-War Culture
- Denmark and The EU
- Timeline: Danish History
Denmark's place in European history essentially began with the Viking Age, around 800 AD, when the Danes became notorious for plundering churches and monasteries. By 878 the Danes had conquered northern and eastern England, and by the 11th century King Canute (1014-35) ruled over a vast kingdom that included present-day Denmark, England, Norway, southern Sweden, and parts of Finland. Christianity was introduced to Denmark in 826 and became widespread during Canute's reign. After his death, Canute's empire disintegrated. During the 13th century, Waldemar II (1202-41) conquered present-day Schleswig-Holstein, Pomerania, Mecklenburg, and Estonia and re-established the nation as a great power in Northern Europe. A civil war, however, later broke out between the nobles and the king as each vied for control of the country. Christopher II (1320-32) was forced to make major concessions to the nobles and clergy at the expense of royal power, which was also eroded by the influence of the Germ...
King Christian IV ruled for the first half of the 17th century, and squandered fabulous wealth by leading his subjects into the disastrous Thirty Years War with Sweden. In the process, Denmark lost both territory and money, and the king an eye. Even more disastrous were the losses to Sweden incurred some decades later by Christian's successor, King Frederick III. The series of wars with Sweden resulted in territorial losses, but the Great Northern War (1700-21) brought some restoration of Danish power in the Baltic. The 18th century was otherwise a period of internal reform, which included the abolition of serfdom and land reforms. In 1814, Denmark, which had sided with Napoleonic France after British attacks on Copenhagen in 1801 and 1807, was forced to cede Norway to Sweden and Helgoland to England. In 1848, a Prussian-inspired revolt in Schleswig-Holstein ended without a victor, but in 1864, Schleswig-Holstein and Lauenburg were lost in a new war with Prussia. Despite these major...
Denmark's relations with its southern neighbours, particularly Prussia, have played a decisive role in constitutional developments. In 1866 a new Constitution was adopted for the dramatically reduced area of Denmark after its defeat at the hands of Prussia in 1864. The 1866 Constitution included strict limits on the almost universal male suffrage that had been recognised by the 1849 Constitution. In 1915, during the First World War (in which Denmark remained neutral), broad agreement was reached on constitutional reform. Universal suffrage was introduced, so that women and servants could also vote. While since 1849 there had been elections by majority vote in single constituencies, in 1918 an electoral system was introduced combining proportional representation with elections in individual constituencies. Although since the beginning of the century there had been a desire to introduce referenda, partly by the Social Democrats and partly the Radical Liberals, which were in power duri...
In the post-war period, Danish culture continued to prosper. Internationally, the best-known Danish film director was Carl Dreyer (1889-1968), who directed numerous films, including the 1928 masterpiece "La Passion de Jeanne d'Arc", which was acclaimed for its rich visual textures and innovative use of close-up. Carl Nielsen, Demark's greatest composer, wrote over 100 works, ranging from string quartets to opera; he is the author of the utterly charming choral work "Springtime in Funen" (Funen was Nielsen's birthplace); a clarinet concerto, arguably the finest of the 20th century; and six symphonies, of which the fourth, "The Inextinguishable", and the fifth, are the best known. On the political front, in 1933 (as Hitler rose to power in Germany) the Great Social Reforms were introduced in Denmark, essentially laying the foundations for the country's modern welfare state.
At the beginning of World War II, despite a declaration of neutrality, Denmark was occupied by Germany (Apr. 9, 1940). On May 5, 1945, the Germans capitulated, and the country was liberated. Iceland had become fully independent in 1944. The Faeroe Islands received home rule in 1948, and Greenland became an integral part of Denmark under the new constitution of 1953 and received home rule in 1979. In the modern era, Danish culture has continued to move ahead. Danish cinema has attracted attention with the wonderful "Babette's Feast", and with the adaptation of Danish author, Martin Andersen Nexø's book "Pelle the Conqueror". Film director Lars von Trier leads the younger generation of Danish film makers on the international film scene. Peter Høeg, famous for "Miss Smilla's Feeling for Snow", is Denmark's most prominent contemporary author. The Royal Danish Ballet, which performs in Copenhagen's Royal Theatre from autumn to spring, is regarded as northern Europe's finest. In other cul...
Denmark joined the European Community in 1973. From 1982, under the Conservative Prime Minister, Poul Schlüter, who headed a succession of minority governments, Denmark became increasingly committed to European integration. Danish voters, however, initially rejected the European Community's treaty on the European Union (the Maastrict treaty) on June 2, 1992; but in a new round of voting on May 18, 1993, a referendum approved an amended treaty.
787-1066 The Viking Era. Danish kings Sveyn Forkbeard and Canute the Great rule a North Sea-empire consisting of present-day Denmark, Norway and England. 950 Harald Bluetooth becomes king 965 Harald is baptized and later claims to have converted all Danes to Christianity 1202 Valdemar the victorious: The reign of Valdemar II sees the Danish Kingdom become exceptionally strong, as the frontier expands to the Elbe and the Baltic. 1219 The first use of Dannebrog, the national flag of Denmark, though the flag as it looks today (red background with a white cross) only comes into being 150 years later. 1332-1340 As a result of expensive and failed wars, all taxes have to be handed over to creditors. The Danish Crown has no income and no king is appointed. 1340 Valdemar IV succeeds in restoring royal authority. 1386 The Great Hanseatic War: Seventy-five Hanseatic towns attack Danish castles along the Sound. 1397 The beginning of the Kalmar Union, uniting Norway, Sweden and Denmark. 1495 Th...