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  1. Jan 12, 2020 · Civil law covers conflicts between two parties including individuals and businesses. Examples of cases covered under civil law include negligence, fraud, breach of contract, medical malpractice and marriage dissolution. If someone damages another person's property, the victim may sue the perpetrator in civil court for the cost of the damage.

    • Elianna Spitzer
    • Law Expert
    • Definition of Civil Law
    • What Is Civil Law
    • Civil Law vs. Criminal Law
    • Branches of Civil Law
    • Civil Case Example
    • Related Terms
    Noun.The body of laws that govern ordinary private matters, separate from laws presiding over criminal, military, or political matters.
    Noun. The body of law that governs private or civil rights, providing redress for wrongs by compensating the person or entity that has been wronged rather than punishing the wrongdoer.

    Emperor Justinian I ruled ancient Rome from 527 A.D. to 565 A.D. One of his lasting legacies is his rewriting of Roman law in “Corpus Juris Civilis,” (“Body of Civil Law”) which still serves as a basis for modern civil law systems worldwide. In the United States, civil law has a couple of different meanings. In most parts of the U.S., civil law is ...

    Civil law and criminal law serve different purposes in the United States legal system. The primary purpose of civil law is to resolve disputes and provide compensation for someone injured by someone else’s acts or behavior. The primary purpose of criminal lawis to prevent undesirable behavior and punish those who commit an act deemed undesirable by...

    Civil law cases are divided into four main categories, each covering a range of issues. See below for the types of civil cases and corresponding civil law examples.

    While the lawsuit against McDonald’s made national headlines, the facts of the case regarding negligence, defective product, and breach of implied warrantymake a fascinating civil case.

    Preponderance of Evidence– the standard of proof used in most civil trials; the jury is instructed to find for the party that has the stronger evidence, even if it is only marginally stronger than...
    Beyond a Reasonable Doubt– the standard of proof used in criminal trials; a reasonable person would believe that the defendant is guilty of the crime; a higher standard than is used in civil law.
    Common Law– the body of law that is based on judicial decisions.
    Stare Decisis– the doctrine that requires judges to use prior cases as precedent on which to decide current cases.
  2. Mar 27, 2020 · Common examples of civil cases include child custody, child support, contract violations, personal injury, property damage and divorce. A civil case settles a personal or business conflict when an individual or group feels wronged by a defendant or cannot come to an agreement on an existing legal matter.

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    • Overview
    • Types of Cases in Civil Court
    • Stages of A Civil Case

    Court cases that involve disputes between people or businesses over money or some injury to personal rights are called “civil” cases. A civil case usually begins when one person or business (called the "plaintiff") claims to have been harmed by the actions of another person or business (called the "defendant"). The plaintiff starts a court case by ...

    Civil courts handle a wide variety of cases. Very broadly, civil cases may involve such things as: 1. Tort claims.A "tort" is a wrongful act (sometimes called a "tortious" act) that causes injury to someone's person, property, reputation, or the like, for which the injured person is entitled to payment. Cases involving personal injury, battery, neg...

    In Clark County, a civil case might be filed in small claims court, one of the justice courts, or the district court, depending on how much money is at issue and other factors. Each court has its own rules that control how a case moves forward. To see a flowchart that shows a civil case’s path through justice court or district court, click one of t...

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