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  1. Civil resistance - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Civil_resistance

    Civil resistance is political action that relies on the use of nonviolent resistance by civil groups to challenge a particular power, force, policy or regime. Civil resistance operates through appeals to the adversary, pressure and coercion: it can involve systematic attempts to undermine or expose the adversary's sources of power, both domestic and international. Forms of action have included demonstrations, vigils and petitions; strikes, go-slows, boycotts and emigration movements; and sit-ins

  2. Resistencia civil - Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre

    es.wikipedia.org › wiki › Resistencia_civil
    • Motivación Y Configuraciones
    • Ejemplos Históricos
    • Véase también
    • Bibliografía
    • Enlaces Externos

    Las motivaciones de los movimientos de resistencia civil se relacionan con la relación entre ciudadanía y Estado, entre razón ciudadana y razón de Estado, con el desarrollo o la falta de libertades y derechos en una sociedad. Esta resistencia civil de masas puede interpretarse y usarse en un sentido mecanicista, como parte de un juego de poderes y contrapoderes entre ciudadanía e instituciones (más o menos carentes de legitimidad democrática) para ampliar o consolidar espacios de libertad y derechos muy concretos (defensa de lo público, del estado del bienestar, de los derechos humanos, etc.); en un sentido organicista, acudiendo a la metáfora fisiológica de la lucha interna de un organismo vivo (el Leviatán de Thomas Hobbes) contra un cáncer que lo invade, donde la oposición ciudadana es el correlato de los anticuerpos y las defensas propias del sistema inmunológico; o bien, la resistencia civil puede interpretarse en un sentido ético como una defensa de valores humanos imprescript...

    La resistencia civil es un fenómeno que se ha presentado en diversos ámbitos a lo largo de la historia reciente del hombre. Adam Roberts y Timothy Garton Ash en su libro Resistencia Civil y Política del poder: La experiencia de las acciones no violentas desde Gandhi hasta la actualidad incluyen relatos de numerosos ejemplos históricos de relevancia que ellos califican de resistencia civil.[7]​ Estos casos estudio, tanto exitosos como fallidos comprenden: 1. el rol de Mohandas K. Gandhien el movimiento independentista de la India en 1917-47 2. la lucha por los derechos civiles en Estados Unidos en la década de 1960, liderada por Martin Luther King Jr. 3. aspectos del movimiento por los derechos civiles en Irlanda del Norteen 1967-72 4. la Revolución de los Claveles en Portugalen 1974-5, en apoyo del golpe militar del 25 de abril de 1974 5. la Revolución iraní en 1977–79, antes de la llegada al poder de Khomeinien febrero de 1979 6. la People Power Revolution en las Filipinas en la dé...

    Chenoweth, Erica and Maria J. Stephan, Why Civil Resistance Works: The Strategic Logic of Nonviolent Conflict, New York: Columbia University Press, 2011. ISBN 978-0-231-15682-0(hardback).
    Clark, Howard, Civil Resistance in Kosovo, London: Pluto Press, 2000. ISBN 0-7453-1574-7(hardback).
    Font, Pablo. EL DERECHO DE RESISTENCIA CIVIL EN FRANCISCO SUÁREZ. Virtualidades actuales. Granada: Comares, 2018. ISBN 978-84-9045-775-7
    López, Mario, Ni paz, ni guerra, sino todo lo contrario. Ensayos sobre defensa y resistencia civil. Granada: Educatori, 2012. ISBN 978-84-92782-91-8.
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  4. Resistance movement - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Resistance_movement

    Refusal of obedience toward the government or an occupying power. A resistance movement is an organized effort by some portion of the civil population of a country to withstand the legally established government or an occupying power and to disrupt civil order and stability. It may seek to achieve its objectives through either the use of nonviolent resistance (sometimes called civil resistance ), or the use of force, whether armed or unarmed.

  5. German resistance to Nazism - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › German_resistance_to_Nazism

    German resistance to Nazism (German: Widerstand gegen den Nationalsozialismus) included opposition by individuals and groups in Germany to the Nazi regime between 1933 and 1945, most of which engaged in active resistance, including attempts to remove Adolf Hitler from power by assassination or by overthrowing his established regime.

  6. Protest - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Protest

    Any protest could be civil disobedience if a "ruling authority" says so, but the following are usually civil disobedience demonstrations: Public nudity or topfree (to protest indecency laws or as a publicity stunt for another protest such as a war protest) or animal mistreatment (e.g. PETA 's campaign against fur).

  7. Resistance 3 - Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre

    es.wikipedia.org › wiki › Resistance_3
    • jugabilidad
    • Argumento
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    El videojuego conserva en su mayoría la misma mecánica de juego que su predecesora, aunque con varios cambios. La rueda de armas y la barra de salud del primer videojuego de resistance regresan. También hay nuevos objetos ambientales como plantas de quimera que explotan cuando se disparan. El videojuego tiene una mezcla de armas nuevas y viejas; las armas que regresan incluyen a los Bullseye, las Magnum, Rossmore, Auger, Marksman y la Carabina. Las nuevas armas incluyen el Mutator, que dispara niebla biológica que hace que los enemigos exploten causando daños por salpicadura, el rifle de francotirador Deadeye y un nuevo explosivo basado en latas de alimentos, la granada de metralla, que libera una lluvia de uñas cuando explota.[5]​ Las armas son actualizables y se vuelven más poderosas cuanto más se usan.[5]​ Los humanos se ven obligados a ensamblar sus armas de cualquier chatarra que puedan reunir. El juego cuenta con soporte para PlayStation Move y 3D estereoscópico.[6]​ Además, l...

    En 1953, poco después de la muerte del teniente Nathan Hale, el cabo Joseph Capelli, único miembro restante de los Centinela, es despedido de forma deshonrosa por asesinato. Cuatro años después, Capelli, ahora casado con una mujer llamada Susan Farley, vive con una comunidad de sobrevivientes en Haven, Oklahoma. A pesar de sus mejores esfuerzos, son descubiertos por las fuerzas Quimera, que han lanzado un genocidio a gran escala contra la raza humana, ahora que su virus se puede curar. Capelli y su compañía de milicia luchan contra los atacantes, pero no antes de convocar una plataforma de terraformación masiva para destruir la ciudad. Mientras se prepara para la evacuación, Capelli se encuentra con el Dr. Fyoder Malikov, quien explica que la Quimera ha abierto un agujero de gusano en el centro de Nueva York como parte de su plan para congelar permanentemente el planeta y volverlo inhabitable para la humanidad. Capelli se niega a ayudarlo, pero su esposa le ruega que lo reconsidere,...

    En el año 2009, se vio una cartelera promocional de Resistance 3 en una ubicación de Battle: Los Angeles, una película de Columbia Pictures (filial de Sony) lanzada a principios del año 2011.[11]​ (ya que la película se desarrolla casi un mes antes del lanzamiento del juego), aunque ni Sony ni Insomniac Games comentaron sobre la aparición, Insomniac anunció el 25 de mayo de 2010 que, además de crear una nueva franquicia multiplataforma, desarrollarían múltiples juegos exclusivamente para PlayStation 3. El videojuego fue anunciado oficialmente en la conferencia de prensa de Sony, la Gamescom en el 2010 en Colonia, Alemania, el 17 de agosto de 2010, junto con un avance de acción real para el videojuego.[2]​ El 28 de septiembre de 2010, el concepto del arte filtrado y las capturas de pantalla se publicaron en una cuenta de Flickr que muestra una cantidad de Chimeras diferente y dos personajes humanos no identificados (más tarde confirmado en la portada de Game Informer en noviembre de...

    Resistance 3 obtuvo revisiones "favorables" de acuerdo con el sitio web de reseñas y revisiones Metacritic.[16]​ IGN dijo: "En términos de tono, Insomniac realmente ha ampliado el terror desgarrador de Resistance 3. Este es el videojuego más oscuro y más violento de la serie, y casi todo el segundo acto del juego te tendrá en el borde de tu asiento."[28]​ Thierry Nguyen de 1UP.com dijo que "si bien la Resistance 3 claramente avanza como una mejora de la serie, todavía no es un gran videojuego en general".[33]​ GameSpot elogió el juego por su emocionante, profunda campaña y divertido modo multijugador y dijo: "No importa cuál sea tu configuración de juego, estás en un tratamiento. Resistance 3 ofrece una marca de emoción que no encontrarás en ninguna otra franquicia de disparos."[24]​ Game Informer criticó los "entornos insulsos", el diseño de nivel "predecible" y los "numerosos problemas técnicos" que "detienen por completo el flujo del juego".[21]​ En Japón, Famitsu le dio una punt...

  8. Bayard Rustin - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Bayard_Rustin
    • Early Life and Education
    • Evolving Affiliations
    • Influence on The Civil Rights Movement
    • Death and Beliefs
    • Legacy
    • Publications
    • See Also
    • References
    • External Links

    Rustin was born in West Chester, Pennsylvania, to Florence Rustin and Archie Hopkins, but raised by his maternal grandparents, Julia (Davis) and Janifer Rustin, as the ninth of their twelve children; growing up he believed his biological mother was his older sister. His grandparents were relatively wealthy local caterers who raised Rustin in a large house. Julia Rustin was a Quaker, although she attended her husband's African Methodist Episcopal Church. She was also a member of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). NAACP leaders such as W.E.B. Du Bois and James Weldon Johnson were frequent guests in the Rustin home. With these influences in his early life, in his youth Rustin campaigned against racially discriminatory Jim Crow laws. One of the first documented realizations Rustin had of his sexuality was when he mentioned to his grandmother that he preferred to spend time with males rather than females. She responded, "I suppose that's what you need...

    At the direction of the Soviet Union, the Communist Party USA (CPUSA) and its members were active in the civil rights movement for African Americans. The CPUSA, at the time following Stalin's "theory of nationalism", favored the creation of a separate nation for African Americans to be located in the American Southeast where the greatest proportion of the black population was concentrated. In 1941, after Germany invaded the Soviet Union, Communist International ordered the CPUSA to abandon civil rights work and focus on supporting U.S. entry into World War II.[citation needed] Disillusioned, Rustin began working with members of the Socialist Party of Norman Thomas, particularly A. Philip Randolph, the head of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters; another socialist mentor was the pacifist A. J. Muste, leader of the Fellowship of Reconciliation(FOR). FOR hired Rustin as a race relation secretary in the late summer of 1941. The three of them proposed a march on Washington, D.C. in 1...

    Rustin and Houser organized the Journey of Reconciliation in 1947. This was the first of the Freedom Rides to test the ruling of the Supreme Court of the United States in Morgan v. Commonwealth of Virginia that banned racial discrimination in interstate travel as unconstitutional. Rustin and CORE executive secretary George Houser recruited a team of fourteen men, divided equally by race, to ride in pairs through Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Kentucky. The NAACP opposed CORE's Gandhian tactics as too meek. Participants in the Journey of Reconciliation were arrested several times. Arrested with Jewish activist Igal Roodenko, Rustin served twenty-two days on a chain gang in North Carolina for violating state Jim Crowlaws regarding segregated seating on public transportation. In 1948, Rustin traveled to India to learn techniques of nonviolent civil resistance directly from the leaders of the Gandhian movement. The conference had been organized before Gandhi's assassination ea...

    Rustin died on August 24, 1987, of a perforated appendix. An obituary in The New York Times reported, "Looking back at his career, Mr. Rustin, a Quaker, once wrote: 'The principal factors which influenced my life are 1) nonviolent tactics; 2) constitutional means; 3) democratic procedures; 4) respect for human personality; 5) a belief that all people are one.'"Rustin was survived by Walter Naegle, his partner of ten years. Rustin's personal philosophy is said to have been inspired by combining Quaker pacifism with socialism (as taught by A. Philip Randolph), and the theory of non-violent protest popularized by Mahatma Gandhi. President Ronald Reaganissued a statement on Rustin's death, praising his work for civil rights and "for human rights throughout the world". He added that Rustin "was denounced by former friends, because he never gave up his conviction that minorities in America could and would succeed based on their individual merit."

    Rustin "faded from the shortlist of well-known civil rights lions", in part because he was active behind the scenes, and also because of public discomfort with his sexual orientation and former communist membership. In addition, Rustin's tilt toward neo-conservatism in the late 1960s led him into disagreement with most civil rights leaders. But, the 2003 documentary film Brother Outsider: The Life of Bayard Rustin, a Sundance Festival Grand Jury Prize nominee,and the March 2012 centennial of Rustin's birth have contributed to renewed recognition of his extensive contributions. Rustin served as chairman of Social Democrats, USA, which, The Washington Post wrote in 2013, "was a breeding ground for many neoconservatives". In the 1970s, he was among the second-age neoconservatives, and in 1979, was elevated to vice-chair of the Coalition for a Democratic Majority, an organization that helped revive the Committee on the Present Danger. According to Daniel Richman, former clerk for United...

    Interracial primer, New York: Fellowship of Reconciliation, 1943
    Interracial workshop: progress report, New York: Sponsored by Congress of Racial Equality and Fellowship of Reconciliation, 1947
    Journey of reconciliation: report, New York : Fellowship of Reconciliation, Congress of Racial Equality, 1947
    We challenged Jim Crow! a report on the journey of reconciliation, April 9–23, 1947, New York : Fellowship of Reconciliation, Congress of Racial Equality, 1947

    Bibliography

    1. Anderson, Jervis. Bayard Rustin: Troubles I've Seen(New York: HarperCollins Publishers, 1997). 2. Bennett, Scott H. Radical Pacifism: The War Resisters League and Gandhian Nonviolence in America, 1915–1963 (Syracuse Univ. Press, 2003). ISBN 0-8156-3028-X. 3. Branch, Taylor. Parting the Waters: America in the King Years, 1954–63(New York: Touchstone, 1989). 4. Carbado, Devon W. and Donald Weise, editors. Time on Two Crosses: The Collected Writings of Bayard Rustin (San Francisco: Cleis Pres...

  9. To give effective leadership to a civil resistance movement, an organizer must be able to strategically organize and plan, visualize a future that the moveme...

  10. Civil resistance is a way for ordinary people to fight for their rights, freedom and justice without using violence. People engaged in civil resistance use d...

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