Spanish is marked by the palatalization of the Latin double consonants nn and ll (thus Latin annum > Spanish año, and Latin anellum > Spanish anillo). The consonant written u or v in Latin and pronounced [w] in Classical Latin had probably " fortified " to a bilabial fricative /β/ in Vulgar Latin.
Classical Latin. This article is about written Classical Latin. For the spoken language, see Latin. Classical Latin is the form of Latin language recognized as a literary standard by writers of the late Roman Republic and early Roman Empire. It was used from 75 BC to the 3rd century AD, when it developed into Late Latin.
Latin (latīnum, [laˈt̪iːnʊ̃] or lingua latīna, [ˈlɪŋɡʷa laˈt̪iːna]) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium.
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The Latin Wikipedia is the Latin language edition of Wikipedia, created in May 2002. As of November 2021, it has about 136,000 articles. While all primary content is in Latin, modern languages such as English, Italian, French, German or Spanish are often used in discussions, since many users find this easier. Professional Latinists have observed a gradual improvement in the encyclopedia. According to Robert Gurval, chairman of the UCLA classics department, "the articles that are good are in fact
/h/ deletes without a trace in all positions.Final /m/ is lost in polysyllabic words.Clusters consisting of a stop followed by a liquid consonant draw the stress position forward; cf. íntegram > intégram./n/ is lost before fricatives, resulting in compensatory lengthening of the preceding vowel; cf. spŏnsa ‘fiancée’ > spōsa.In certain rural accents the diphthongs /ae̯/ and /au̯/ merged to /ē/ and /ō/ respectively in Classical times, and this variant pronunciation seems to have occasionally entered ‘mainstream’ words....Initial and intervocalic /j/ undergo fortition, perhaps to [ɟ] in the former case and [ɟ] or [ʝ~ɟɟ] in the latter.Vowels other than /a/ are often syncopated in unstressed intertonic syllables when in contact with liquid consonants or, to a lesser degree, nasal consonants or /s/; cf. ang(u)lus, cal(i)da, and sp...In cases where a long vowel is followed by a geminate consonant, one of the elements often shortens unpredictably, leading to such doublets as cŭppa~cūpa. Sometimes both forms are even preserved in...Adams James Noel. 2007. The regional diversification of Latin. Cambridge University Press.Adams, James Noel. 2013. Social variation and the Latin language. Cambridge University Press.Allen, William Sidney. 1965. Vox Latina: A guide to the pronunciation of Classical Latin.Cambridge University Press.Chambon, Jean-Pierre. 2013. Notes sur un problème de la reconstruction phonétique et phonologique du protoroman: Le groupe */gn/. Bulletin de la Société de linguistique de Paris. CVIII, 273–282.
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Ecclesiastical Latin, also called Church Latin, Liturgical Latin or Italianate Latin, is a form of Latin initially developed to discuss Christian thought and later used as a lingua franca by the Medieval and Early Modern upper class of Europe. It includes words from Vulgar Latin and Classical Latin re-purposed with Christian meaning. It is less stylized and rigid in form than Classical Latin, sharing vocabulary, forms, and syntax, while at the same time incorporating informal elements which had