Before he died much of his territory was recovered by his son Conrad, King of the Romans, thus leaving Italy at peace for a very few years. After the death of Frederick II in 1250, the Ghibellines were supported by Conrad IV of Germany and later Manfred, King of Sicily, while the Guelphs were supported by Charles I of Naples.
- 1125–1186, 1216–1392
- 1st phase: Peace of Constance (1186), 2nd phase: Stalemate (1392), Decline of free communes; rise of signorie, Diffusion of Black Death, Extinction of Hohenstaufen dynasty, Conquest of the Kingdom of Sicily by Charles of Anjou, Interregnum after Frederick II's death, Weakening of Imperial Authority over Italy
Nov 14, 2020 · flag of the war minister and commander-in-chief of the armed forces 1935-1938 (germany) | eagles: 2 beja municipality (portugal) | eagles: 37 empress' standard 1871-1918 (germany) | eagles: 4 (black) flag of the war minister 23rd june-5th october 1935 (germany) | trégor (traditional province, brittany, france) | eagles: 4 (gold)
1 day ago · Frederick II designated the Bishop of Strasbourg to administer Alsace, but the authority of the bishop was challenged by Count Rudolf of Habsburg, who received his rights from Frederick II's son Conrad IV. Strasbourg began to grow to become the most populous and commercially important town in the region.
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Nov 25, 2020 · Germany, country of north-central Europe. Although Germany existed as a loose polity of Germanic-speaking peoples for millennia, a united German nation in roughly its present form dates only to 1871. Modern Germany is a liberal democracy that has become ever more integrated with and central to a united Europe.
- The States (Bundesländer) and Their Capitals
- Further Reading
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In 2005 there were 388,451 marriages and 201,693 divorces. There were 685,795 births and 830,227 deaths. The number of births has dropped from 767,000 in 2000, while the deaths have risen from 179,600. The average age at marrying (for the first time) for men was 32 and for women 29. Abortions are officially illegal, according to a 1995 law. However, prosecutions are not brought if they are performed in the first three months of pregnancy after consultation with a doctor. The annual abortion r...
Most inhabitants of Germany are ethnic German. There are, however, more than 7 million foreign residents, many of whom are the families and descendants of so-called "guest workers" (foreign workers, mostly from Turkey, invited to Germany in the 1950s and 1960s to fill labor shortages) who remained in Germany. Germany has a sizable ethnic Turkish population. Germany is also a prime destination for political and economic refugees from many developing countries. An ethnic Danish minority lives i...
Germany has one of the world's highest average levels of education, technological development, and economic productivity. Since the end of World War II, the number of youths entering universities has more than tripled, and the trade and technical schools of the Federal Republic of Germany (F.R.G.) are reasonable good. German 15-year olds score about average in comparison with similar countries. At the university level, however, there has been a dramatic decline in quality from the days before...
Germany has a president as head of state. The president's powers are essentially representative.The current president is Frank-Walter Steinmeier, succeeding Joachim Gauck. The actual political power and head of government is the chancellor ("Bundeskanzler"), who is elected by federal parliament ("Bundestag"). The chancellor is typically elected in the first session of a newly elected Bundestag for the entire legislative period of four years. The parliament can only force the chancellor to res...
Germany has a bicameral system with a federal parliament ("Bundestag") and a representation of the states ("Bundesrat"). The members of Bundestag in elected every four years, using a personalized proportional system. The members of the Bundesrat are representatives of the state governments, and the delegations of each state are required to vote as a bloc on behalf of their governments. Each delegation has between 3 and 6 members, depending on the size of the represented state. The position of...
The German constitution provides for an independent jurisdiction. The highest appeals court in Germany is the Federal Court of Justice ("Bundesgerichtshof"), which is seated in the Southwestern city of Karlsruhe. Members of the Federal court are elected by a committee, with 16 delegates from the states, one from each state, appointed by the state governments, and 16 delegates appointed by the federal parliament. The Federal Constitutional Court ("Bundesverfassungsgericht") is the highest cour...
Germany is the world's third-largest economy and the largest in Europe. From the 1948 currency reform until the early 1970s, West Germany experienced almost continuous economic expansion. Real gross domestic product (GDP) growth slowed down, and even declined, from the mid-1970s through the recession of the early 1980s. The economy then experienced 8 consecutive years of growth that ended with a downturn beginning in late 1992. Since unification, Germany has seen annual average real growth of only about 1.5% and stubbornly high unemployment. In 2006, Germany had its best year since 2000 with 2.7% growth; for 2007, growth was at 2.5% despite a 3 percentage point VAT hike at the beginning of the year. The government forecasts 1.7% growth in GDP for 2008. Unemployment in 2007 dropped to an annualized average of 9.0% nationwide, but it is still significantly higher—15.1%--in the German states that make up the former East Germany. Germans often describe their economic system as a "social...
Association Football is the most popular sport by far, followed by Team Handball (not to be confused with American handball). Basketball and (ice) hockey play a minor role, whereas baseball and American football are, despite being organized, hardly being noticed by the general public. The most popular non-sport-games are chess and skat, both being organized in bundesligas. Germany was the winner of the 2014 FIFA World Cup.
(In alphabetical order) 1. Baden-Wuerttemberg: Stuttgart 2. Bavaria (Bayern): München 3. Berlin: Berlin 4. Brandenburg: Potsdam 5. Bremen: Bremen 6. Hamburg: Hamburg 7. Hesse (Hessen): Wiesbaden 8. Mecklenburg-Vorpommern: Schwerin 9. Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen): Hannover 10. North Rhine-Westphalia (Nordrhein-Westfalen): Düsseldorf 11. Rhineland-Palatinate (Rheinland-Pfalz): Mainz 12. Saarland: Saarbrücken 13. Saxony (Sachsen): Dresden 14. Saxony-Anhalt (Sachsen-Anhalt): Magdeburg 15. Sleswick-Holsatia (Schleswig-Holstein): Kiel 16. Thuringia (Thüringen): ErfurtSchafers, Bernha, The State of Germany Atlas (1998) excerpt and text searchSchulte-Peevers, Andrea, et al. Lonely Planet Germany (2007) excerpt and text search
1. source: US State Department Country Study
Nov 14, 2020 · Jerichow was mentioned for the first time at the end of 1144 by the documents. The occasion was the foundation of the Jerichow Monastery of the Premonstratensian canons with the donation of Hartwig von Stade, the canon of the Cathedral of Magdeburg (with the confirmation from the Holy Roman Emperor, Conrad III of Germany).
Nov 15, 2020 · After the death of Frederick, the Kingdom was ruled by Henry VII of Germany and Conrad IV of Germany. The next legitimate heir was Conrad II , who was too young at the period to rule. Manfred of Sicily, the illegitimate son of Frederick, took the power and ruled the kingdom for fifteen years while other Hohenstaufen heirs were ruling various ...
Nov 20, 2020 · With the county of Bogen the Wittelsbach acquired also the white and blue coloured lozenge flag which since that time has been the flag of Bavaria (and of the Palatinate). After a dispute with emperor Frederick II was ended, he joined the Hohenstaufen party in 1241. His daughter, Elizabeth, was married to Frederick's son Conrad IV.
1570 map of H.R.E. Germany with double-headed eagle flag. List of Wars of the Holy Roman Empire. Deutschland beim Tode Kaiser Karls IV. 1378 (The Holy Roman Empire at the death of emperor Charles IV.) taken from "Meyers Kleines Konversationslexikon in sechs Bänden. Bd. 2. Leipzig u. Wien : Bibliogr. Institut 1908", map inserted after page 342