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  1. History of Germany and its German Heritage

    www.thetreemaker.com/.../history-of-germany.html

    The Rise of the Hapsburgs and its Heritage in Germany: The period between the death of Conrad IV in 1254 and the election of Rudolph of Hapsburg in 1273 is known as the Great Interregnum. The right to choose the emperor had been gradually usurped by a few of the powerful nobles, who were called electors, and on the extinction of the ...

  2. Lotharingia - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Central_Franks

    Lotharingia (Latin: regnum Lotharii, regnum Lothariense, Lotharingia) (French: Lorraine) (German: Lothringen) was a medieval successor kingdom of the Carolingian Empire and a later duchy of the Ottonian Empire, comprising the present-day Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, North Rhine-Westphalia (Germany), Rhineland-Palatinate (Germany), Saarland (Germany), and Lorraine (France).

    • Monarchy
    • Medieval
  3. Alsace - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alsace

    Alsace-Lorraine was occupied by Germany in 1940 during the Second World War. Although it was never formally annexed, Alsace-Lorraine was incorporated into the Greater German Reich, which had been restructured into Reichsgau. Alsace was merged with Baden, and Lorraine with the Saarland, to become part of a planned Westmark.

    • 8,280 km² (3,200 sq mi)
    • France
  4. Holy Roman Empire | History Wiki | Fandom

    history.wikia.org/wiki/Holy_Roman_Empire
    • Name
    • History
    • Institutions
    • See Also

    Before 1157, the realm was merely referred to as the Roman Empire. The term sacrum ("holy", in the sense of "consecrated") in connection with the medieval Roman Empire was used beginning in 1157, under Frederick I Barbarossa("Holy Empire") – the term was added to reflect Frederick's ambition to dominate Italy and the Papacy; the form "Holy Roman Empire" is attested from 1254 onward. In a decree following the 1512 Diet of Cologne, the name was changed to Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation a form first used in a document in 1474. The new title was adopted partly because the Empire had lost most of its Italian and Burgundian (Kingdom of Arles) territories by the late 15th century, but also to emphasize the new importance of the German Imperial Estates in ruling the Empire due to the Imperial Reform. In the end of the 18th century, the term 'Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation' had fallen out of official use. Contradicting the traditional view concerning that designation, Hermann...

    Late Middle Ages

    1. Further information: Late Middle Ages and Pomerania during the Late Middle Ages

    Reformation and Renaissance

    1. Further information: German Reformation and German Renaissance 2. See also: Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor In 1516, Ferdinand II of Aragon, grandfather of the future Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, died. Due to a combination of (1) the traditions of dynastic succession in Aragon, which permitted maternal inheritance with no precedence for female rule; (2) the insanity of Charles's mother, Joanna of Castile; and (3) the insistence by his remaining grandfather, Maximilian I, that he take up his...

    The Holy Roman Empire was not a highly centralized state like most countries today. Instead, it was divided into dozens—eventually hundreds—of individual entities governed by kings, dukes, counts, bishops, abbots and other rulers, collectively known as princes. There were also some areas ruled directly by the Emperor. At no time could the Emperor simply issue decrees and govern autonomously over the Empire. His power was severely restricted by the various local leaders. From the High Middle Ages onwards, the Holy Roman Empire was marked by an uneasy coexistence of the princes of the local territories who were struggling to take power away from it. To a greater extent than in other medieval kingdoms such as France and England, the Emperors were unable to gain much control over the lands that they formally owned. Instead, to secure their own position from the threat of being deposed, Emperors were forced to grant more and more autonomy to local rulers, both nobles and bishops. This pr...

    German monarchs family tree
    Gothic art
    Habsburg Monarchy
  5. Holy Roman Empire - Simple English Wikipedia, the free ...

    simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holy_Roman_Empire_of...

    The Holy Roman Empire should not be mistaken for the Roman Empire.. The Holy Roman Empire (Latin: Sacrum Imperium Romanum; German: Heiliges Römisches Reich), occasionally but unofficially referred to as the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation, was a group of regions and free cities in central Europe which all came under the rule of an emperor who was elected by the princes and magistrates ...

  6. Prussia - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prussia?vesection=1

    It was the new center of Germany's industrialization and the home of the weapons industry. After the Napoleonic Wars, Prussia was the strongest power in Germany and more powerful than Austria. In the early 19th century, there were two political groups in Germany. The liberals wanted a democratic system with one strong central government.

  7. German Americans - History, Modern era, The first germans in ...

    www.everyculture.com/.../Du-Ha/German-Americans.html

    The contemporary flag of Germany with its black, red, and gold stripes derives from the flag of the Forty-eighter parliament. Following three short wars in 1864, 1866, and 1870, the new Prussian chancellor Bismarck united the remaining German states into the smaller German Reich, which lasted until World War I. German industry grew during the ...

  8. Duchy of Carinthia - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Duchy_of_Carinthia

    The Duchy of Carinthia (German: Herzogtum Kärnten; Slovene: Vojvodina Koroška) was a duchy located in southern Austria and parts of northern Slovenia.It was separated from the Duchy of Bavaria in 976, and was the first newly created Imperial State after the original German stem duchies.

  9. Historical brewing signs - Tapping signs - Schlenkerla

    www.schlenkerla.de/biergeschichte/brauerstern/html/...

    Tapping signs. Many brewer emblems and symbols contain in addition to the classic tools like malt scoop, mash fork and beer tumbler also the hexagram (six pointed star), the so called beer or brewing star, which in literature is often referred to as oldest guild emblem of brewers [66].

  10. France Miniature High Resolution Stock Photography and Images ...

    www.alamy.com/stock-photo/france-miniature.html

    Queen Henrietta Maria of France (1609-1669). Henrietta was the youngest daughter of King Henri IV of France and Marie de Medici. Her marriage to Charles, Prince of Wales, required a special dispensation from the Pope because it was the first time that a Catholic princess had married a Protestant prince.

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