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    How did Constantine strengthen the Roman Empire?

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  2. Constantine II (emperor) — Wikipedia Republished // WIKI 2 › en › Constantine_II_(emperor)

    May 31, 2021 · Con­stan­tine II (Latin: Fla­vius Clau­dius Constantinus; Feb­ru­ary 316 – 340) was Roman em­peror from 337 to 340. Son of Con­stan­tine the Great and co-em­peror along­side his broth­ers, his at­tempt to exert his per­ceived rights of pri­mo­gen­i­ture led to his death in a failed in­va­sion of Italy in 340.

  3. Constantine - Wikipedia › wiki › Constantine

    Constantine II, King of Armenia, also called Constantine IV. Constantine III, King of Armenia, also called Constantine V. Constantine IV, King of Armenia, also called Constantine VI. Constantine of Baberon, regent of Zabel, and father of Hetoum I of Armenia, 13th century.

  4. Constantine II of Greece — Wikipedia Republished // WIKI 2 › en › Constantine_II_of_Greece
    • Early Life
    • Reign
    • Greek Dictatorship 1967–1974
    • Restoration of Democracy and The Referendum
    • in Exile
    • Later Life
    • Marriage and Children
    • Titles, Styles and Honours
    • See Also
    • Bibliography

    Con­stan­tine was born at the Psy­chiko Palace in Psy­chiko, a sub­urb of Athens. He was the nephew of King George II, and also the sec­ond child and only le­git­i­mate son of the king's brother and heir pre­sump­tive, Crown Prince Paul. His mother was Princess Fred­er­ica of Hanover. Con­stan­tine's older sis­ter, Queen Sofía of Spain, is the wife of the re­tired King Juan Car­los I of Spain, while his younger sis­ter, Princess Irene, has never been mar­ried. Con­stan­tine was just one year old when Fas­cist Italy and Nazi Ger­many in­vaded Greece, and he spent the next four years in exile in Egypt and Cape Town, South Africa, (where his sis­ter Irene was born) with his fam­ily. He re­turned to Greece with his fam­ily in 1946. King George died in 1947, and Con­stan­tine's fa­ther be­came the new king, mak­ing Con­stan­tine the crown prince. He was ed­u­cated at a prepara­tory school and later a board­ing school (Vic­to­ria Col­lege of Alexan­dria, Egypt, where his class­mates in­cl...

    In March 1964, King Paul died of can­cer, and the 23-year-old Con­stan­tine suc­ceeded him as king. Prior to this, Con­stan­tine had al­ready been ap­pointed as re­gentfor his ail­ing father. King Paul's long-time prime min­is­ter Kon­stan­ti­nos Kara­man­lis re­garded him partly re­spon­si­ble for his fall from lead­er­ship in 1963.[citation needed] How­ever, due to his youth, he was also per­ceived as a promise of change. The ac­ces­sion of Con­stan­tine co­in­cided with the re­cent elec­tion of Cen­trist George Pa­pan­dreou as prime min­is­ter in Feb­ru­ary 1964, which ended 11 years of right-wing rule by the Na­tional Rad­i­cal Union(ERE). Greece was still feel­ing the ef­fects of the Civil Warof 1944–49 be­tween com­mu­nists and monar­chists, and so­ci­ety was strongly po­larised be­tween the roy­al­ist/con­ser­v­a­tive right and the lib­eral/so­cial­ist left. It was hoped that the new young king and the new prime min­is­ter would be able to over­come past dis­sen­sions. Ini­ti...

    Elec­tions were sched­uled for 28 May 1967, with ex­pec­ta­tions of a wide Cen­trist vic­tory. Ac­cord­ing to United States diplo­mat John Day, the Amer­i­cans wor­ried that, due to the old age of George Pa­pan­dreou, An­dreas Pa­pan­dreouwould have a very pow­er­ful role in the next gov­ern­ment. Ac­cord­ing to the United States diplo­mats Robert Keely and John Owens, who were at­tached to the United States em­bassy in Greece at the time, Con­stan­tine asked United States Am­bas­sador Phillips Tal­bot what the at­ti­tude of the United States gov­ern­ment would be to an ex­tra-par­lia­men­tary so­lu­tion to this prob­lem. The em­bassy re­sponded neg­a­tively in prin­ci­ple, adding that "US re­ac­tion to such a move can­not be de­ter­mined in ad­vance but would de­pend on cir­cum­stances at time". To this day, Con­stan­tine de­nies all this. Ac­cord­ing to then-Am­bas­sador from the United States Phillips Tal­bot, after this com­mu­ni­ca­tion, Con­stan­tine met with the gen­er­als of...

    In July 1974, the events in Cyprus led to the down­fall of the mil­i­tary regime, and Kara­man­lis re­turned from exile to be­come prime min­is­ter. The 1973 re­pub­li­can con­sti­tu­tion was re­garded as il­le­git­i­mate, and the new ad­min­is­tra­tion is­sued a con­sti­tu­tional de­cree restor­ing the 1952 con­sti­tu­tion. Con­stan­tine con­fi­dently awaited an in­vi­ta­tion to return.On 24 July he de­clared his "deep sat­is­fac­tion with the ini­tia­tive of the armed forces in over­throw­ing the dic­ta­to­r­ial regime" and wel­comed the ad­vent of Kara­man­lis as prime min­is­ter. The for­mer king vis­ited both Buck­ing­ham Palace and 10 Down­ing Street and openly de­clared his hope to be shortly re­turn­ing to Greece. How­ever, the 1952 con­sti­tu­tion was not re­stored with the over­throw of the il­le­gal junta. Fol­low­ing Kara­man­lis' re­sound­ing vic­tory in the No­vem­ber 1974 par­lia­men­tary elec­tions (his New Democ­racy party won 54.4% of the vote), he called a ref­er­...

    Con­stan­tine re­mained in exile for al­most forty years after the vote in favour of the republic. He was strongly dis­cour­aged from re­turn­ing to Greece, and he did not re­turn until Feb­ru­ary 1981, when the gov­ern­ment only al­lowed him to re­turn for a few hours, to at­tend the fu­neral of his mother, Queen Fred­er­ica, in the fam­ily ceme­tery of the for­mer Royal Palace at Tatoi. There were also legal dis­putes with the Greek state. In 1992 he con­cluded an agree­ment with the con­ser­v­a­tive gov­ern­ment of Prime Min­is­ter Con­stan­tine Mit­so­takis, ced­ing most of his land in Greece to a non-profit foun­da­tion in ex­change for the for­mer palace of Tatoi, near Athens, and the right to ex­port a num­ber of mov­ables from Greece. The lat­ter re­port­edly in­cluded pri­vately owned art trea­sures from the royal palaces. As such, no for­mal ac­count of what was re­moved was ever given or needed to be given. In 1993, Con­stan­tine vis­ited Greece, but faced with gov­ern­me...

    Fol­low­ing the abo­li­tion of the monar­chy, Con­stan­tine has re­peat­edly stated that he rec­og­nizes the Re­pub­lic, the laws and the con­sti­tu­tion of Greece. He told Time, "If the Greek peo­ple de­cide that they want a re­pub­lic, they are en­ti­tled to have that and should be left in peace to enjoy it." Con­stan­tine and Anne-Marie for many years lived in Hamp­stead Gar­den Sub­urb, Lon­don, Con­stan­tine being a close friend of his sec­ond cousin Charles, Prince of Wales, and a god­fa­ther to Prince William, Duke of Cam­bridge, his sec­ond cousin once re­moved. After the wed­ding of their son, Niko­laos, Con­stan­tine and Anne-Marie moved back to Greece, cur­rently re­sid­ing in Porto Cheli, Pelo­pon­nese. In 2004, Con­stan­tine re­turned to Greece tem­porar­ily dur­ing the Athens Olympic Games as a mem­ber of the In­ter­na­tional Olympic Committee. On 24 De­cem­ber 2004, Con­stan­tine and Anne-Marie and mem­bers of the for­mer royal fam­ily vis­ited the Pres­i­den­tial Man...

    On 18 Sep­tem­ber 1964, in a Greek Or­tho­dox cer­e­mony in the Met­ro­pol­i­tan Cathe­dral of Athens, he mar­ried Princess Anne-Marie of Den­mark. The chil­dren of Con­stan­tine and Anne-Marie are: 1. Princess Alexia, born on 10 July 1965 at Mon Repos in Corfu. She was married on 9 July 1999 in London to Carlos Morales Quintana. 2. Crown Prince Pavlos, born on 20 May 1967 at Tatoi Palace in Athens. He was married on 1 July 1995 in London to Marie-Chantal Miller. 3. Prince Nikolaos, born on 1 October 1969 at Villa Claudia Clinic in Rome. He was married on 25 August 2010 in Spetses to Tatiana Elinka Blatnik. 4. Princess Theodora, born on 9 June 1983 in St Mary's Hospital, London, who is pursuing an acting career. 5. Prince Philippos, born on 26 April 1986 in St Mary's Hospital, London. He works as a hedge fund analyst in New York. He married Nina Nastassja Flohr on 12 December 2020 in St. Moritzin a civil ceremony.

    Titles and styles

    Until 1994, Con­stan­tine's of­fi­cial Greek pass­port iden­ti­fied him as "Con­stan­tine, for­mer King of the Hel­lenes". A law passed in 1994 stripped him of his Greek cit­i­zen­ship, pass­port, and prop­erty. The law stated that Con­stan­tine could not be granted a Greek pass­port un­less he adopted a sur­name. Con­stan­tine has stated: "I don't have a name—my fam­ily doesn't have a name. The law that Mr Pa­pan­dreou passed ba­si­cally says that he con­sid­ers that I am not Greek and that...

    Foreign honours

    1. Denmark: Knight of the Order of the Elephant[citation needed] 1.1. Grand Commander of the Order of the Dannebrog[citation needed] 1.2. Recipient of the Silver Anniversary Medal of Queen Margrethe II and Prince Henrik[citation needed] 1.3. Recipient of the 75th Birthday Medal of Queen Margrethe II[citation needed] 1.4. Recipient of the Ruby Jubilee Medal of Queen Margrethe II[citation needed] 1.5. Recipient of the 70th Birthday Medal of Queen Margrethe II[citation needed] 1.6. Recipient of...

    Woodhouse, C.M. (1998). Modern Greece a Short History. London: Faber & Faber. ISBN 0-571-19794-9.
    Γιάννης Κάτρης (1974). Η γέννηση του νεοφασισμού στην Ελλάδα 1960–1970. Athens: Παπαζήση.
    Αλέξης Παπαχελάς (1997). Ο βιασμός της ελληνικής δημοκρατίας. Athens:Εστία. ISBN 960-05-0748-1.
    ΜΑΡΙΟΣ ΠΛΩΡΙΤΗΣ:Απάντηση στον Γκλύξμπουργκ, Εφημερίδα Το ΒΗΜΑ, Κυριακή 10 Ιουνίου 2001 – Αρ. Φύλλου 13283
  5. Constantine the Great - Wikipedia › wiki › Constantine_the_Great

    Kōnstantînos; 27 February c. 272 – 22 May 337), also known as Constantine the Great, was Roman emperor from 306 to 337. Born in Naissus, Dacia Mediterranea (now Niš , Serbia ), he was the son of Flavius Constantius , a Roman army officer born in Dardania , who became one of the four emperors of the Tetrarchy .

    • 25 July 306 – 22 May 337 (alone from 19 September 324)
    • Helena
  6. Constantine II of Bulgaria — Wikipedia Republished // WIKI 2 › en › Constantine_II_of_Bulgaria
    • Life
    • Honours
    • References

    Con­stan­tine II Asen was the son of Ivan Srat­simir (Ivan Sracimir) of Bul­garia by Anna, daugh­ter of prince Nico­lae Alexan­dru of Wal­lachia. He was crowned co-em­peror by his fa­ther in or be­fore 1395, when he was sent on a mis­sion to the old Bul­gar­ian cap­i­tal Tărnovo. Very lit­tle is known about Con­stan­tine II's cir­cum­stances after his fa­ther's ar­rest and im­pris­on­ment by Sul­tan Bayezid I in 1396. At that time, Ivan Strat­simir was con­tribut­ing with sol­diers to as­sist the Chris­t­ian na­tions' bid to re­sist the ad­vance of the Ot­toman Em­pire. Fol­low­ing the Bat­tle of Nicopo­lis, Vidin fi­nally fell under the sphere of the Ot­tomans led by Bayezid I. Some Bul­gar­ian his­to­ri­ans sup­pose that Tsar­dom of Vidin's most west­ern ter­ri­to­ries may have re­mained under Con­stan­tine II's rule al­most until his death in 1422. To­gether with his cousin Fruzhin (Fružin), a son of Ivan Shish­man (Ivan Šišman), Con­stan­tine II took ad­van­tage of the Ot­toman...

    Kon­stan­tin But­tress on Nor­den­skjöld Coast in Gra­ham Land, Antarc­ticais named after Con­stan­tine II of Bul­garia.

    John V.A. Fine, Jr., The Late Medieval Balkans, Ann Arbor, 1987.
    Ivan Tjutjundžiev and Plamen Pavlov, Bălgarskata dăržava i osmanskata ekspanzija 1369–1422, Veliko Tărnovo, 1992.
  7. Constantine III (Western Roman emperor) - Wikipedia › wiki › Constantine_II_of_Britain

    Constantine III is also known as Constantine II of Britain. He is often confused with the Constantine found in Geoffrey of Monmouth 's highly popular and imaginative Historia Regum Britanniae , who comes to power following Gracianus Municeps ' reign.

    • 411 (before 18 September)
    • Usurper 407–409 (against Emperor Honorius), Co-emperor 409–411 (with Honorius and Constans II)
  8. Constantine the Great - Simple English Wikipedia, the free ... › wiki › Constantine_the_Great
    • Early Life
    • Emperor
    • Death
    • Religion
    • Other Websites

    Constantine (Latin: Gaius Flavius Valerius Constantinus; Ancient Greek: Κωνσταντῖνος, romanized: Kōnstantînos) was born in Naissus (Niš, Serbia). He was born on 27 February. The Calendar of Philocalus and the works of the Latin writer Polemius Silvius both say Constantine was born in 272 or 273. The Latin historian Eutropius wrote the same information. However, the Greek historian and bishop Eusebius of Caesareawrote that Constantine was born around the year 285. Constantine's father was Constantius, who later became Roman emperor. Constantine's mother was Helena. She was not from the nobility. The Greek historian Procopius wrote that Helena had come from Drepanon, a city in Bithynia. The Latin theologian Ambrose wrote that Helena was a stabularia, 'stable-girl'. Helena and Constantius may not have married, and Helena may have been Constantius's concubine. Constantine was a military tribune in the Roman army by 293, the year his father became caesar(a junior Roman emperor) on 23 Mar...


    The Consularia Constantinopolitana says that Constantius I died on 25 July 306 in Eboracum (York, England). There, on the same day, the army of Constantius made Constantine augustus. (Later, around August 306, the augustus Galerius agreed that Constantine was caesar, but not that he was augustus.) Roman Egyptaccepted Constantine was an emperor. In autumn 306 or early the next year, Constantine made a military campaign against the Franks. Constantine said that he was Roman consul for the first...


    On 30 April 311, the augustus Galerius made a edict. The Edict of Serdica mostly ended the persecution of Christianity in the Roman Empire. At the start of May, Galerius died.Constantine was Roman consul for the second time in 312. Constantine was consul for the third time in 313. Constantine fought a civil war with Maxentius. The Calendar of Philocalus says that the Battle of the Milvian Bridge happened on the 28 October 313. In this battle, Constantine's army overcame the army of Maxentius....


    On 27 September 315 Constantine went away from Rome. There was another ceremony (a profectio) when Constantine went out of the city. At some time, Constantine fought a civil war with his co-emperor Licinius. The Calendar of Philocalus says that Constantine's army overcame Licinius's army at the Battle of Cibalae on 8 October 314, but historians are not in agreement about the date. It may have been in 316. After this civil war, Constantine and Licinius made peace. This was either at the end of...

    Eusebius of Caesarea's Life of Constantine says that Constantine died at Ancyrona, near Nicomedia (İzmit, Turkey). He died on 22 May 337.

    Constantine was the first Christian Roman emperor. His rule changed the Christian Church greatly. In February 313, Constantine met with Licinius in Milan where they made the Edict of Milan. The edict said that Christians could believe what they wanted. This stopped people from punishing Christians, who had often been martyred, or killed for their faith. It also returned the property which had been taken away from them. In 311, Galerius had made a similar edict, though it did not return any property to them. In pagan Rome before this, it had been against the law to practise Christianity, and Christians had often been tortured or killed. Constantine protected them. He went on to organize the whole Christian Church at the First Council of Nicea, even though he himself did not get baptizeduntil near the end of his life. Constantine did not support Christianity alone. After winning the Battle of the Milvian Bridge, he built the Arch of Constantine) to celebrate, but the arch was decorate...

    Media related to Constantine the Greatat Wikimedia Commons
    Firth, John B. "Constantine the Great, the Reorganisation of the Empire and the Triumph of the Church". Archived from the original (BTM) on 2012-03-15. Retrieved 2010-11-20.
    Letters of Constantine: Book 1, Book 2, & Book 3
  9. Basil I - Wikipedia › wiki › Basil_I

    Constantine (circa 865 – September 3, 879), co-emperor to Basil from January 6, 868, to his death. According to George Alexandrovič Ostrogorsky , Constantine was betrothed to Ermengard of Provence , daughter of Holy Roman Emperor Louis II and Engelberga in 869.

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