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  1. Merupakan putra tertua Konstantinus I dan Fausta, setelah kematian saudara tirinya Krispus, Konstantinus II lahir di Arles, Februari 316 dan dibesarkan sebagai seorang Kristen. Pada 1 Maret 317, ia diangkat menjadi Caesar; pada usia tujuh tahun, pada 323, ia mengambil bagian dalam peperangan melawan kaum Sarmatia.

    • Early Life and First Period of Kingship
    • First Exile
    • World War II
    • Return to Greece and Death
    • in Popular Culture
    • Honours
    • Sources

    George was born at the royal villa at Tatoi, near Athens, the eldest son of Crown Prince Constantine of Greece and his wife, Princess Sophia of Prussia; George pursued a military career, training with the Prussian Guard at the age of 18, then serving in the Balkan Wars as a member of the 1st Greek Infantry.[citation needed] When his grandfather was assassinated in 1913, his father became King Constantine I and George became the crown prince.[citation needed] After a coup deposed Constantine I during World War I, Crown Prince George, by then a major in the Hellenic Army, followed his father into exile in 1917 (see National Schism). George's younger brother, Alexander, was installed as king by prime minister Eleftherios Venizelos.[citation needed] When Alexander I died following an infection from a monkey bite in 1920, Venizelos was voted out of office, and a plebiscite restored Constantine to the throne. Crown Prince George served as a colonel, and later a major general in the war ag...

    In Romania

    Unsurprisingly, the Second Hellenic Republic was proclaimed by parliament on 25 March 1924, before being confirmed by a referendum two and a half weeks later. Officially deposed and banished, George and Elisabeth were also stripped of their Greek nationality and their property confiscated by the government. From now on stateless like all members of the royal family, however, they received from the head of the House of Oldenburg, their cousin, King Christian X of Denmark, a new passport. Exile...

    In the United Kingdom

    At the start of his life as an exile, George spent half the year in Romania with Elizabeth. Alone or with his wife, he divided the remaining six months between Tuscany, where he resided with his mother, at Villa Bobolina, and the UK, where he had many friends. On 16 September 1930, he was initiated into Freemasonry in London and became venerable master of the Wellwood Lodge in 1933. After the death of the queen dowager Sophie, in 1932, George chose to leave Bucharest and his wife permanently...

    Italian and German invasions

    Despite the nationalist government's strong economic and military ties to Germany, a connection which continued with Nazi Germany, King George was known to have pro-British feelings at the start of World War II. On 28 October 1940, Metaxas rejected an Italian ultimatum demanding the stationing of Italian troops in Greece, and Italy invaded, starting the Greco-Italian War. The Greeks mounted a successful defense and eventually occupied the southern half of Albania (then an Italian protectorate...

    Crisis of April 1941 and evacuation to Crete

    Following the suicide of Prime Minister Alexandros Koryzis on 18 April 1941 in the face of the rapid German advance, George found himself as the de facto head of government (as well as head of the three armed services ministries) for a few days, as he cast around for a potential successor. The King had thus a unique opportunity to form a broader government of national consensus, and abolish the hated dictatorial regime—whose sole bastion of support he now was. Although he was urged to this st...

    Second exile

    During World War II he remained the internationally recognised head of state, backed by the Greek government-in-exile and Greek forces serving in the Middle East. The British Foreign Office found him an exceedingly difficult man to deal with, as he was deeply obstinate about upholding what he regarded as his royal prerogatives, and proved notably unwilling to compromise with those who wanted a clear break with the 4th of August Regime. George long resisted British pressure to promise to resto...

    In elections held on 31 March 1946, the monarchist parties won a clear majority of the parliamentary seats, aided by the abstention of the Communists, and the referendum on the monarchy was set for 1 September. Between then and the plebiscite, the electoral registers were revised under Allied supervision. The announced results claimed 68.4% in favour of the King's return on an 86.6% turnout.However, even Allied observers acknowledged that the official results were marked by significant fraud by monarchist supporters. In the words of the official Allied observation report, "There is no doubt in our minds that the party representing the government view exercised undue influence in securing votes in support of the return of the King." On 26 September, George returned to Greece to find the Royal Palace looted, the woods at Tatoi chopped down for fuel and corpses buried in shallow graves outside.His country faced economic collapse and political instability. He died of arteriosclerosis on...

    During WWII, the Allies used the figure of George II as an instrument of propaganda to reinforce Greek patriotic sentiment. Several short films centred on the sovereign and his government are thus shot, such as Heroic Greece!by the American Frank Norton (1941). The romantic relationship of King George II and his mistress, nicknamed "Mrs. Brown", is briefly mentioned in the third episode ("The New King") from the British mini-series Edward & Mrs. Simpson, which features the king's cruise with Edward VIII and Wallis Simpsonin the Greek Islands, in 1936. On the occasion of the restoration of George II in 1935, the singer of rebetiko Markos Vamvakaris wrote the song Nous te welcome, King (in Greek: Καλώς μας ήρθες Βασιληά). Various stamps bearing the effigy of George II have been issued by Greek Post during his reign. A series of four stamps depicting the sovereign was thus issued, shortly after his restoration to the throne, on 1 November 1937, with face values of 1, 3, 8 and 100 drach...

    France: Grand Cross of the Legion of Honour, 10 December 1892
    House of Savoy: Knight of the Annunciation, with Collar and Star
    Brewer, David (2016). Greece, The Decade of War: Occupation, Resistance, and Civil War. I.B. Tauris. ISBN 978-1780768540.
    Clogg, Richard (July 1979). "The Greek Government-in-Exile 1941-4". The International History Review. Cambridge University Press. 1(3).
    Karamitsos, A. (2008). Hellas stamp catalogue. 1.
    Koliopoulos, Ioannis S. (1976–1977). "Η στρατιωτική και πολιτική κρίση στην Ελλάδα τον Απρίλιο του 1941" [The Military and Political Crisis in Greece in April 1941] (PDF). Μνήμων (in Greek). 6: 53–...
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  3. 3 days ago · Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq was born into a Punjabi Arain family in Jullundar, Punjab Province of British India, on 12 August 1924. Zia-ul-Haq was the second child of Muhammad Akbar Ali, who worked in the administrative corps of the Army GHQ of India Command of British Armed Forces in Delhi and Simla, prior to the independence of India from British colonial rule in 1947.

  4. Maurice (Latin: Mauricius; Greek: Μαυρίκιος; 539 – 27 November 602) was Byzantine Emperor from 582 to 602. A prominent general, Maurice fought with success against the Sasanian Empire. After he became Emperor, he brought the war with Sasanian Persia to a victorious conclusion. Under him the Empire's eastern border in the South Caucasus was vastly expanded and, for the first time in ...

  5. Aug 07, 2019 · Gregory of Nazianzus (Greek: Γρηγόριος ὁ Ναζιανζηνός, Grēgorios ho Nazianzēnos; c. 329 – 25 January 390), also known as Gregory the Theologian or Gregory Nazianzen, was a 4th-century Archbishop of Constantinople, and theologian. He is widely considered the most accomplished rhetorical stylist of the patristic age. As a classically trained orator and philosopher he ...

  6. Constantine II Fl. Claudius Contantinus: 337-340 W: Constans I Fl. Julius Constans: 337-350 W [Magnentius Fl. Magnus Magnentius] 350-353 W: Constantius II Fl. Julius Constantius: 337-361 E+W: Altar of Victory removed from Roman Senate, 357; Amida on the Tigris falls to Persians, 359; Gallus Fl. Claudius Constantius Gallus: 351-354 E, Caesar ...

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