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  1. Who Are Egypt's Coptic Christians And What Do They Believe?

    Like Catholics, Coptic Christians believe in the Ten Commandments, and they practice the sacraments of baptism, confession and confirmation. But unlike Roman Catholics, they don’t believe in the infallibility of the pope or in purgatory, notes the Associated Press. And Coptic priests can marry.

    • Antonia Blumberg
  2. What Is the Coptic Orthodox Church? - Learn Religions

    Oct 07, 2019 · In 451 A.D., the Coptic Church split from the Roman Catholic Church, affirming the Nicene Creed but not agreeing with the Christological formulation of the Council of Chalcedon. Copts believe that Christ is one united nature stemming from two natures, divine and human "without mingling, without confusion, and without alteration" (from the Coptic divine liturgy).

  3. Who are Coptic Christians (Copts)? The History & Beliefs of ...

    Nov 02, 2018 · An Oriental Orthodox Christian church based in Egypt, Northeast Africa, and the Middle East. The leader of the Church and the Apostolic See of Alexandria is the Patriarch of Alexandria on the Holy See of Saint Mark, who also embodies the authority of Coptic Pope. The See of Alexandria is nominal, and today the Coptic Pope leads from Saint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral in the Abbassia District in Cairo.

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  5. Two Complications to Know About the Coptic Church in Egypt ...
    • Coptic Christians Today
    • The Dawn of Islam
    • The Two Complications
    • Where to Go from Here?

    Today, little difference exists between Catholic and Coptic theology and practice. Copts venerate martyrs in Christian history and visit sites dedicated to saints. They channel prayers to Christ through these saints and martyrs, they sing to them, and for blessing, they touch relics from their lives that are still considered holy. Most Copts maintain that salvation is twofold: God has provided it through Jesus’s death and resurrection, and man takes hold of it through persistence in good works. Sins must be dealt with by confession to a priest and sacraments. Babies are baptized into the faith. Priests, called bapas(father), are trained to read and teach from the Arabic Bible, the only acceptable translation for the Coptic Church, which is unfortunately difficult for laypeople to understand. This introduces the first complication for the Coptic Church: identifying a faith that saves. More on that in a minute.

    War changed everything, as it usually does. After six hundred years of fighting heresy and division—and flourishing in spite of it—Coptic Christians were caught in the middle of a physical battle between the Roman Empire and Arab Muslims. With the defeat of the Byzantine army in Egypt came the influence and rule of the Arab world. The new Arab rulers of Egypt were initially sympathetic or indifferent to Coptic Christians, but each dynasty brought new restrictions or forms of persecution. Copts were subject to taxation that Arabs were not. Coptic art was destroyed because Egypt’s Muslim majority found it to be blasphemous iconography. And in response to the Crusaders sweeping across the Middle East, Muslims responded in kind by rooting out Christians in Egypt and forcing them to convert to Islam or be killed. Most Copts chose the first option. Over time, Egypt became home for Arabs. They were no longer foreigners who had invaded a country but citizens with the right to fully inhabit...

    Ben* is a Coptic Christian, ethnically Egyptian, and can help us understand the two complications Coptic Christians in Egypt are unknowingly up against. Let’s start with the first complication.

    These two complications—faith and identity—pose the greatest contemporary obstacles for the Coptic Church. As the global church gains steam and strength, may God call the world’s Christians—many of us—to engage the Coptic Church with the gospel so Copts can evaluate their faith and either believe the gospel for the first time or pivot to theology many of us derive from Luther’s work in the Reformation. Then, as the full gospel is realized among them, pray that God will turn their fear and hatred toward their Muslim neighbors into deep concern for their salvation. Ask God to give them a missional spirit, one that doesn’t sequester the gospel to certain peoples but delivers it open-handedly to neighbors and enemies. May the church fully embody the spirit of Mark, who after running scared again and again, finally set out to boldly proclaim the true gospel. *Name changed

  6. BBC - Religions - Christianity: Coptic Orthodox Church

    Jun 25, 2009 · The Coptic Church is one of the Eastern Orthodox churches and shares their general beliefs. In 451 the Church split from other Christian churches in a major schism at the Council of Chalcedon over...

  7. Copt, a member of Egypt’s indigenous Christian ethno-religious community, predominantly of the Coptic Orthodox Church. Copts trace their ancestry to the pre-Islamic Egyptians and their faith to the evangelism of St. Mark. The Copts have remained a sizeable and influential population in Egypt into modern times.

  8. What is Coptic Christianity, and what do Coptic Christians ...

    Jan 02, 2020 · Some in the Coptic Orthodox Church believe that their position was misunderstood at the Council of Chalcedon and take great pains to ensure that they are not seen as Monophysitic (denying the two natures of Christ), but rather "Miaphysitic" (believing in one composite/conjoined nature from two). Some believe that perhaps the council understood the church correctly, but wanted to exile the church for its refusal to take part in politics or due to the rivalry between the bishops of Alexandria ...

  9. 5 things to know about the Coptic Christian Church
    • The Coptic Orthodox Church was founded in the first century around 50 AD in Alexandria, Egypt by the Apostle Mark, making it one of the earliest Christian denominations.
    • The Coptic Orthodox Church splintered from Rome and the Eastern Orthodox churches in the 5th century. The Coptic Catholic Church split off at the same time, but has since reunited with Roman Catholics and Pope Francis.
    • It's difficult to find an accurate estimate of the exact number of Copts in Egypt because the church puts the number as high as 18 million, while the Egyptian government puts the population at around six million.
    • The first Christians in Egypt were called Copts because of the ancient form of Egyptian that they spoke. The word "Coptic" comes from a Greek word meaning "Egyptian," and describes a person from Egypt.
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