Today, Coptic is the native language of only about 300 Copts around the world. It is also the liturgical language of the native Egyptian Churches (the Coptic Orthodox Church and the Coptic Catholic Church). It is taught worldwide in many prestigious institutions, but its teaching within Egypt remains limited. Dialects of the Coptic language:
- 5–20 million (estimates vary)
- c. 500,000
- 5–20 million
The leader of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria is known as Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of all Africa on the Holy See of St. Mark the Apostle. His full title is Patriarch and Lord Archbishop of the Great City of Alexandria on the Holy Orthodox and Apostolic Throne of Saint Mark the Evangelist and Holy Apostle that is, in Egypt ...
Saint Virgin Mary's Coptic Orthodox Church (Coptic: ϯⲉⲕⲕⲗⲏⲥⲓⲁ ⲛ̀ⲧⲉⲑⲉⲟⲇⲟⲕⲟⲥ ϯⲁⲅⲓⲁ ⲙⲁⲣⲓⲁ Ϧⲉⲛ ⲃⲁⲃⲩⲗⲟⲛ ⲛ̀ⲭⲏⲙⲓ Church of Mother of God Saint Mary in Egyptian Babylon), also known as the Hanging Church (Arabic: الكنيسة المعلقة al Muʿallaqah, Coptic: ϯⲉⲕⲕⲗⲏⲥⲓⲁ ⲉⲥⲓϣ ...
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The last three Coptic Popes were selected in this manner: Cyril VI in 1959, Shenouda III in 1971, and Tawadros II in 2012. Pontifical duties. The duties of the Coptic Orthodox pope, apart from his diocesan duties, are: To guide the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria in accordance to the orthodox faith.
Pope Shenouda III – Coptic Orthodox Church Network: Biography, Online Books, and Audio Sermons Some Articles by Pope Shenouda III in English More information about the life of Pope Shenouda III – from Saint Takla Haymanout the Ethiopian Church, Alexandria, Egypt
Many Coptic families respond by fleeing from the Sinai Peninsula to Ismailia Governorate. 9 April 2017 - Bombings of two Coptic churches kill over 45 people and injures over 130. St George's Coptic Orthodox Church in the Tanta region and St Mark's Church in Alexandria were bombed during Palm Sunday processions.
Copts are the lairgest Christian adherent group in Sudan an Libie an aw. Historically, thay spak the Coptic leid , a direct stryndant o the Demotic Egyptian that wis spoken durin the Roman era. The Coptic leid is a focus o Coptology an remains in liturgical uise, awtho maist Copts the day speak Arabic .
- Present Day
- Jurisdiction Outside Egypt
- Daughter Churches
- Coptic Orthodox Churches Around The World
- Official Titles of The Patriarch of Alexandria
Egypt is identified in the Bible as the place of refuge that the Holy Family sought in its flight from Judea: The Egyptian Church is traditionally believed to be founded by St Mark at around AD 42, regards itself as the subject of many prophecies in the Old Testament. Isaiahthe prophet, in Chapter 19, Verse 19 says "In that day there will be an altar to the LORD in the midst of the land of Egypt, and a pillar to the LORD at its border." The first Christians in Egypt were com...
Coptic Language in the Church
The coptic language is a universal language used in any church in any country. It is derived from ancient Egyptian and Greek letters. Many of the hymns used in the liturgy are done in Coptic that has been passed down fro thousands of years. The language is used to be preserved and not completely forgotten after the Arab invasion of Egypt abolished the use of the language and brought in Arabic instead. Examples of these hymns are Epooro,Ekesmar'oot,Tai Shori, and many...
On 17 March 2012, the Coptic Orthodox Pope, Pope Shenouda III died, leaving many Copts mourning and worrying as tensions rose with Muslims. Pope Shenouda III constantly met with Muslim leaders in order to create peace. Many were worried about Muslims controlling Egypt as the Muslim Brotherhoodwon 70% of the parliamentary elections. On 4 November 2012, Bishop Tawadros was chosen as the 118th Pope. In a ritual filled with prayer, chants and incense at Abbasiyacathedral in Cairo, the 60-year-old bishop's name was picked by a blindfolded child from a glass bowl in which the names of two other candidates had also been placed. The enthronement was scheduled on 18 November 2012. In 1959, the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church was granted its first own Patriarch by Pope Cyril VI. Furthermore, the Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church similarly became independent of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church in 1994, when four bishops were c...
There are about 20 million Coptic Orthodox Christians in the world. Between 15 and 18 million of them are found in Egypt under the jurisdiction of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria. Since Egypt does not have an official government census on religion, estimates of the size of Egypt's Christian population vary from the estimated low previous government figures of 6 to 7 million to the 12 million reported by some Christian leaders in 2008. The actual numbers may be in the 15 to 18 million range, out of an Egyptian population of more than 90 million. However, in 2011, the Pew Research Center announced that Copts in Egypt constitute 4.5% of the population, while the Catholic Holy See puts Copts at 6 to 8%. Then in 2017 government owned news Al Ahram estimated the percentage of Copts at 10 to 15%. However, in 2012 after the Egyptian revolution the Muslim Brotherhood was drafting new constitution then Major-G...
While Copts have cited instances of persecution throughout their history, Human Rights Watch has noted "growing religious intolerance" and sectarian violence against Coptic Christians in recent years, and a failure by the Egyptian government to effectively investigate properly and prosecute those responsible. Over a hundred Egyptian copts have been killed in sectarian clashes from 2011 to 2017, and many homes and businesses destroyed. In just one province (Minya), 77 cases of sectarian attacks on Copts between 2011 and 2016 have been documented by the Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights.The abduction and disappearance of Coptic Christian women and girls also remains a serious ongoing problem.
Besides Egypt, the Church of Alexandria has jurisdiction over Pentapolis, Libya, Nubia, Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritreaand all Africa. Both the Patriarchate of Addis Ababa and all Ethiopia, and the Patriarchate of Asmara and all Eritrea do acknowledge the supremacy of honor and dignity of the Pope and Patriarch of Alexandriaon the basis that both Patriarchates were established by the Throne of Alexandria and that they have their roots in the Apostolic Church of Alexandria, and acknowledge that Saint Mark the Apostlic is the founder of their Churches through the heritage and Apostolic evangelization of the Fathers of Alexandria. In other words, the Patriarchates of Ethiopia and Eritrea are daughter Churches of the Holy Apostolic Patriarchate of Alexandria. In addition to the above, the countries of Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe, the Congo, Cameroon, Nigeria, Ghana, Botswana, Malawi, Angola, Namibia and South Africa are...
Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church
Ethiopia received Christianity next to Jerusalem, through Jesus's own apostle, only a year after Jesus was crucified (Acts 8: 26–39). Christianity became a national religion of Ethiopia, under the dominion of the Church of Alexandria, in the 4th century. The first bishop of Ethiopia, Saint Frumentius, was consecrated as Bishop of Axum by Pope Athanasius of Alexandria in AD 328. From then on, until 1959, the Pope of Alexandria, as Patriarch of All Africa, always named...
Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church
Following the independence of Eritrea from Ethiopia in 1993, the newly independent Eritrean government appealed to Pope Shenouda III of Alexandria for Eritrean Orthodox autocephaly. In 1994, Pope Shenouda ordained Abune Phillipos as first Archbishop of Eritrea. The Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church obtained autocephaly on 7 May 1998, and Abune Phillipos was subsequently consecrated as first Patriarch of Eritrea. The two churches remain in full communio...
There are several Coptic Orthodox churches and institutions outside Egypt, including churches and institutions in: 1. Africa: see Coptic Orthodox Church in Africa 2. Asia: see Coptic Orthodox Church in Asia 3. Australia and Oceania: see Coptic Orthodox Church in Australia 4. Europe: see Coptic Orthodox Church in Europe 4.1. Britain and Ireland:see Coptic Orthodox Church in Britain and Ireland 4.2. France: see French Coptic Orthodox Church(autonomous) 5. North America: see Coptic Orthodox Church in North America 5.1. United States: see Coptic Orthodox Church in the United States 5.2. Canada: see Coptic Orthodox Church in Canada 5.3. Mexico: see Coptic Orthodox Church in Mexico 6. South America see Coptic Orthodox Church in South America
1. The leader of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria is known as Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of all Africa on the Holy See of St. Mark the Apostle. 2. His full title is Patriarch and Lord Archbishop of the Great City of Alexandria on the Holy Orthodox and Apostolic Throne of Saint Mark the Evangelist and Holy Apostle that is, in Egypt, Pentapolis, Libya, Nubia, Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritreaand all Africa. 3. The Successor of St. Mark the Evangelist, Holy Apostle and Martyr, on the Holy A...
1. The Dean of the Great Catechetical School of Theology of Alexandria. 2. The Ecumenical (Universal) Judge (Arbitrator) of the Holy Apostolic and Catholic (Universal) Church. 3. The 13th among the Holy Apostles. 4. The Pillar and Defender of the Holy, Catholic (Universal), Apostolic Church and of the OrthodoxDoctrine.
Historical evolution of the ecclesiastical title
The patriarch of Alexandria was originally known merely as bishop of Alexandria. However, this title continued to evolve as the Church grew under Theophilus and his nephew and successor Cyril (a.d.376–444), and especially in the 5th century when the Church developed its hierarchy. The bishop of Alexandria, being the successor of the first bishop in Roman Egypt consecrated by Saint Mark, was honored by the other bishops as first among equals primus inter pares. Under...
The Coptic Orthodox patriarchate of Alexandria is governed by its Holy Synod, which is headed by the Patriarch of Alexandria. Under his authority are the metropolitan archbishops, metropolitan bishops, diocesan bishops, patriarchal exarchs, missionary bishops, auxiliary bishops, suffragan bishops, assistant bishops, chorbishops and the patriarchal vicarsfor the Church of Alexandria. They are organized as follows: 1. 11 metropolitanates, out of which 8 metropolitanates are in Egypt, 1 metropolitanate in the Near East, 1 in Europe, 1 in the USA; served by 2 metropolitan archbishops and 9 metropolitan bishops; out of the 11 hierarchs, 1 metropolitan archbishop is in the Near East, 1 metropolitan archbishop in Egypt, while 7 metropolitan bishops are in Egypt, 1 metropolitan bishops are in Europe, and 1 metropolitan bishop in the USA. 2. 65 dioceseswith 44 diocesan bishops are in Egypt, 9 diocesan bishops are in Europe, 4 diocesan bishop...Saint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral, AlexandriaSaint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral, Abbassia, CairoSaint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral, Azbakeya, CairoSaint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral Markham, Ontario, Canada
Coptic or Coptic Egyptian (Bohairic: ϯⲙⲉⲧⲣⲉⲙⲛ̀ⲭⲏⲙⲓ, timetremənkʰēmi; Sahidic: ⲧⲙⲛ̄ⲧⲣⲙ̄ⲛ̄ⲕⲏⲙⲉ, tməntrəmənkēme) is the latest stage of the Egyptian language, a northern Afro-Asiatic language that was developed during the Greco-Roman period of Egyptian history, and was spoken until at least the 17th century.