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  1. Copts - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coptic_Christian

    Today, Coptic is the native language of only about 300 Copts around the world. It is also the liturgical language of the native Egyptian Churches (the Coptic Orthodox Church and the Coptic Catholic Church). It is taught worldwide in many prestigious institutions, but its teaching within Egypt remains limited. Dialects of the Coptic language:

    • 5–20 million (estimates vary)
    • c. 500,000
    • 60,000
    • 5–20 million
  2. Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christian_coptic_orthodox...

    The leader of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria is known as Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of all Africa on the Holy See of St. Mark the Apostle. His full title is Patriarch and Lord Archbishop of the Great City of Alexandria on the Holy Orthodox and Apostolic Throne of Saint Mark the Evangelist and Holy Apostle that is, in Egypt ...

  3. Hanging Church - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint_Virgin_Mary's_Coptic...

    Saint Virgin Mary's Coptic Orthodox Church (Coptic: ϯⲉⲕⲕⲗⲏⲥⲓⲁ ⲛ̀ⲧⲉⲑⲉⲟⲇⲟⲕⲟⲥ ϯⲁⲅⲓⲁ ⲙⲁⲣⲓⲁ Ϧⲉⲛ ⲃⲁⲃⲩⲗⲟⲛ ⲛ̀ⲭⲏⲙⲓ Church of Mother of God Saint Mary in Egyptian Babylon), also known as the Hanging Church (Arabic: الكنيسة المعلقة ‎ al Muʿallaqah, Coptic: ϯⲉⲕⲕⲗⲏⲥⲓⲁ ⲉⲥⲓϣ ...

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  5. The last three Coptic Popes were selected in this manner: Cyril VI in 1959, Shenouda III in 1971, and Tawadros II in 2012. Pontifical duties. The duties of the Coptic Orthodox pope, apart from his diocesan duties, are: To guide the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria in accordance to the orthodox faith.

  6. Pope Shenouda III of Alexandria - Simple English Wikipedia ...

    simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Shenouda_III_of...

    Pope Shenouda III – Coptic Orthodox Church Network: Biography, Online Books, and Audio Sermons Some Articles by Pope Shenouda III in English More information about the life of Pope Shenouda III – from Saint Takla Haymanout the Ethiopian Church, Alexandria, Egypt

    • Ⲡⲁⲡⲁ Ⲁⲃⲃⲁ Ϣⲉⲛⲟⲩϯ ⲅ̅, البابا شنودة الثالث
    • Alexandria
  7. Persecution of Copts - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anti-Coptic

    Many Coptic families respond by fleeing from the Sinai Peninsula to Ismailia Governorate. 9 April 2017 - Bombings of two Coptic churches kill over 45 people and injures over 130. St George's Coptic Orthodox Church in the Tanta region and St Mark's Church in Alexandria were bombed during Palm Sunday processions.

  8. Copts - Wikipedia

    sco.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copts

    Copts are the lairgest Christian adherent group in Sudan an Libie an aw. Historically, thay spak the Coptic leid , a direct stryndant o the Demotic Egyptian that wis spoken durin the Roman era. The Coptic leid is a focus o Coptology an remains in liturgical uise, awtho maist Copts the day speak Arabic .

  9. Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria - WIKI 2. Wikipedia ...

    wiki2.org/en/Coptic_Orthodox_Church_of_Alexandria
    • History
    • Present Day
    • Demographics
    • Persecution
    • Jurisdiction Outside Egypt
    • Daughter Churches
    • Coptic Orthodox Churches Around The World
    • Official Titles of The Patriarch of Alexandria
    • Administration
    • Cathedrals

    Apostolic foundation

    Egypt is iden­ti­fied in the Bible as the place of refuge that the Holy Fam­ily sought in its flight from Judea: The Egypt­ian Church is tra­di­tion­ally be­lieved to be founded by St Mark at around AD 42, re­gards it­self as the sub­ject of many prophe­cies in the Old Tes­ta­ment. Isa­iahthe prophet, in Chap­ter 19, Verse 19 says "In that day there will be an altar to the LORD in the midst of the land of Egypt, and a pil­lar to the LORD at its border." The first Chris­tians in Egypt were com...

    Coptic Language in the Church

    The cop­tic lan­guage is a uni­ver­sal lan­guage used in any church in any coun­try. It is de­rived from an­cient Egypt­ian and Greek let­ters. Many of the hymns used in the liturgy are done in Cop­tic that has been passed down fro thou­sands of years. The lan­guage is used to be pre­served and not com­pletely for­got­ten after the Arab in­va­sion of Egypt abol­ished the use of the lan­guage and brought in Ara­bic in­stead. Ex­am­ples of these hymns are Epooro,Ekesmar'oot,Tai Shori, and many...

    On 17 March 2012, the Cop­tic Or­tho­dox Pope, Pope Shenouda III died, leav­ing many Copts mourn­ing and wor­ry­ing as ten­sions rose with Mus­lims. Pope Shenouda III con­stantly met with Mus­lim lead­ers in order to cre­ate peace. Many were wor­ried about Mus­lims con­trol­ling Egypt as the Mus­lim Broth­er­hoodwon 70% of the par­lia­men­tary elections. On 4 No­vem­ber 2012, Bishop Tawadros was cho­sen as the 118th Pope. In a rit­ual filled with prayer, chants and in­cense at Ab­basiyacathe­dral in Cairo, the 60-year-old bishop's name was picked by a blind­folded child from a glass bowl in which the names of two other can­di­dates had also been placed. The en­throne­ment was sched­uled on 18 No­vem­ber 2012. In 1959, the Ethiopian Or­tho­dox Tewa­hedo Church was granted its first own Pa­tri­arch by Pope Cyril VI. Fur­ther­more, the Er­itrean Or­tho­dox Tewa­hedo Church sim­i­larly be­came in­de­pen­dent of the Ethiopian Or­tho­dox Tewa­hedo Church in 1994, when four bish­ops were c...

    There are about 20 mil­lion Cop­tic Or­tho­dox Chris­tians in the world. Be­tween 15 and 18 mil­lion of them are found in Egypt under the ju­ris­dic­tion of the Cop­tic Or­tho­dox Church of Alexandria. Since Egypt does not have an of­fi­cial gov­ern­ment cen­sus on re­li­gion, es­ti­mates of the size of Egypt's Chris­t­ian pop­u­la­tion vary from the es­ti­mated low pre­vi­ous gov­ern­ment fig­ures of 6 to 7 mil­lion to the 12 mil­lion re­ported by some Chris­t­ian lead­ers in 2008. The ac­tual num­bers may be in the 15 to 18 mil­lion range, out of an Egypt­ian pop­u­la­tion of more than 90 million. How­ever, in 2011, the Pew Re­search Cen­ter an­nounced that Copts in Egypt con­sti­tute 4.5% of the pop­u­la­tion, while the Catholic Holy See puts Copts at 6 to 8%. Then in 2017 gov­ern­ment owned news Al Ahram es­ti­mated the per­cent­age of Copts at 10 to 15%. How­ever, in 2012 after the Egypt­ian rev­o­lu­tion the Mus­lim Broth­er­hood was draft­ing new con­sti­tu­tion then Ma­jor-G...

    While Copts have cited in­stances of per­se­cu­tion through­out their his­tory, Human Rights Watch has noted "grow­ing re­li­gious in­tol­er­ance" and sec­tar­ian vi­o­lence against Cop­tic Chris­tians in re­cent years, and a fail­ure by the Egypt­ian gov­ern­ment to ef­fec­tively in­ves­ti­gate prop­erly and pros­e­cute those responsible. Over a hun­dred Egypt­ian copts have been killed in sec­tar­ian clashes from 2011 to 2017, and many homes and busi­nesses de­stroyed. In just one province (Minya), 77 cases of sec­tar­ian at­tacks on Copts be­tween 2011 and 2016 have been doc­u­mented by the Egypt­ian Ini­tia­tive for Per­sonal Rights.The ab­duc­tion and dis­ap­pear­ance of Cop­tic Chris­t­ian women and girls also re­mains a se­ri­ous on­go­ing problem.

    Be­sides Egypt, the Church of Alexan­dria has ju­ris­dic­tion over Pen­tapo­lis, Libya, Nubia, Sudan, Ethiopia, Er­itreaand all Africa. Both the Pa­tri­ar­chate of Addis Ababa and all Ethiopia, and the Pa­tri­ar­chate of As­mara and all Er­itrea do ac­knowl­edge the su­premacy of honor and dig­nity of the Pope and Pa­tri­arch of Alexan­driaon the basis that both Pa­tri­ar­chates were es­tab­lished by the Throne of Alexan­dria and that they have their roots in the Apos­tolic Church of Alexan­dria, and ac­knowl­edge that Saint Mark the Apos­tlic is the founder of their Churches through the her­itage and Apos­tolic evan­ge­liza­tion of the Fa­thers of Alexan­dria. In other words, the Pa­tri­ar­chates of Ethiopia and Er­itrea are daugh­ter Churches of the Holy Apos­tolic Pa­tri­ar­chate of Alexan­dria. In ad­di­tion to the above, the coun­tries of Uganda, Kenya, Tan­za­nia, Zam­bia, Zim­babwe, the Congo, Cameroon, Nige­ria, Ghana, Botswana, Malawi, An­gola, Namibia and South Africa are...

    Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church

    Ethiopia re­ceived Chris­tian­ity next to Jerusalem, through Jesus's own apos­tle, only a year after Jesus was cru­ci­fied (Acts 8: 26–39). Chris­tian­ity be­came a na­tional re­li­gion of Ethiopia, under the do­min­ion of the Church of Alexan­dria, in the 4th cen­tury. The first bishop of Ethiopia, Saint Fru­men­tius, was con­se­crated as Bishop of Axum by Pope Athana­sius of Alexan­dria in AD 328. From then on, until 1959, the Pope of Alexan­dria, as Pa­tri­arch of All Africa, al­ways named...

    Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church

    Fol­low­ing the in­de­pen­dence of Er­itrea from Ethiopia in 1993, the newly in­de­pen­dent Er­itrean gov­ern­ment ap­pealed to Pope Shenouda III of Alexan­dria for Er­itrean Or­tho­dox au­to­cephaly. In 1994, Pope Shenouda or­dained Abune Philli­pos as first Arch­bishop of Er­itrea. The Er­itrean Or­tho­dox Tewa­hedo Church ob­tained au­to­cephaly on 7 May 1998, and Abune Philli­pos was sub­se­quently con­se­crated as first Pa­tri­arch of Er­itrea. The two churches re­main in full com­mu­nio...

    There are sev­eral Cop­tic Or­tho­dox churches and in­sti­tu­tions out­side Egypt, in­clud­ing churches and in­sti­tu­tions in: 1. Africa: see Coptic Orthodox Church in Africa 2. Asia: see Coptic Orthodox Church in Asia 3. Australia and Oceania: see Coptic Orthodox Church in Australia 4. Europe: see Coptic Orthodox Church in Europe 4.1. Britain and Ireland:see Coptic Orthodox Church in Britain and Ireland 4.2. France: see French Coptic Orthodox Church(autonomous) 5. North America: see Coptic Orthodox Church in North America 5.1. United States: see Coptic Orthodox Church in the United States 5.2. Canada: see Coptic Orthodox Church in Canada 5.3. Mexico: see Coptic Orthodox Church in Mexico 6. South America see Coptic Orthodox Church in South America

    Episcopal titles

    1. The leader of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria is known as Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of all Africa on the Holy See of St. Mark the Apostle. 2. His full title is Patriarch and Lord Archbishop of the Great City of Alexandria on the Holy Orthodox and Apostolic Throne of Saint Mark the Evangelist and Holy Apostle that is, in Egypt, Pentapolis, Libya, Nubia, Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritreaand all Africa. 3. The Successor of St. Mark the Evangelist, Holy Apostle and Martyr, on the Holy A...

    Honorary titles

    1. The Dean of the Great Catechetical School of Theology of Alexandria. 2. The Ecumenical (Universal) Judge (Arbitrator) of the Holy Apostolic and Catholic (Universal) Church. 3. The 13th among the Holy Apostles. 4. The Pillar and Defender of the Holy, Catholic (Universal), Apostolic Church and of the OrthodoxDoctrine.

    Historical evolution of the ecclesiastical title

    The pa­tri­arch of Alexan­dria was orig­i­nally known merely as bishop of Alexan­dria. How­ever, this title con­tin­ued to evolve as the Church grew under Theophilus and his nephew and suc­ces­sor Cyril (a.d.376–444), and es­pe­cially in the 5th cen­tury when the Church de­vel­oped its hi­er­ar­chy. The bishop of Alexan­dria, being the suc­ces­sor of the first bishop in Roman Egypt con­se­crated by Saint Mark, was hon­ored by the other bish­ops as first among equals primus inter pares. Under...

    The Cop­tic Or­tho­dox pa­tri­ar­chate of Alexan­dria is gov­erned by its Holy Synod, which is headed by the Pa­tri­arch of Alexan­dria. Under his au­thor­ity are the met­ro­pol­i­tan arch­bish­ops, met­ro­pol­i­tan bish­ops, dioce­san bish­ops, pa­tri­ar­chal exarchs, mis­sion­ary bish­ops, aux­il­iary bish­ops, suf­fra­gan bish­ops, as­sis­tant bish­ops, chor­bish­ops and the pa­tri­ar­chal vic­arsfor the Church of Alexan­dria. They are or­ga­nized as fol­lows: 1. 11 metropolitanates, out of which 8 metropolitanates are in Egypt, 1 metropolitanate in the Near East, 1 in Europe, 1 in the USA; served by 2 metropolitan archbishops and 9 metropolitan bishops; out of the 11 hierarchs, 1 metropolitan archbishop is in the Near East, 1 metropolitan archbishop in Egypt, while 7 metropolitan bishops are in Egypt, 1 metropolitan bishops are in Europe, and 1 metropolitan bishop in the USA. 2. 65 dioceseswith 44 diocesan bishops are in Egypt, 9 diocesan bishops are in Europe, 4 diocesan bishop...

    Saint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral, Alexandria
    Saint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral, Abbassia, Cairo
    Saint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral, Azbakeya, Cairo
    Saint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral Markham, Ontario, Canada
  10. Coptic language - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fayyumic_Coptic

    Coptic or Coptic Egyptian (Bohairic: ϯⲙⲉⲧⲣⲉⲙⲛ̀ⲭⲏⲙⲓ, timetremənkʰēmi; Sahidic: ⲧⲙⲛ̄ⲧⲣⲙ̄ⲛ̄ⲕⲏⲙⲉ, tməntrəmənkēme) is the latest stage of the Egyptian language, a northern Afro-Asiatic language that was developed during the Greco-Roman period of Egyptian history, and was spoken until at least the 17th century.

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