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  1. The Coromandel Coast is the southeastern coastal region of the Indian subcontinent, bounded by the Utkal Plains to the north, the Bay of Bengal to the east, the Kaveri delta to the south, and the Eastern Ghats to the west, extending over an area of about 22,800 square kilometres.

  2. The Coromandel Peninsula was named after HMS Coromandel (originally named HMS Malabar), a ship of the British Royal Navy that stopped at Coromandel Harbour in 1820 to purchase kauri spars. The ship was named for India's Coromandel Coast. Geography. The peninsula is steep and hilly and largely covered in bush.

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    When did the Dutch take over the Coromandel Coast?

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    Where is the Coromandel Coast in Tamil Nadu?

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    • Etymology
    • Description
    • History
    • Applications of The Name
    • See Also
    • Further Reading

    Coromon­del is the Dutch pro­nun­ci­a­tion of the word "Ka­ri­man­dalam", a vil­lage in the Sri­harikota is­land in the north of Pazhaver­cadu (Pule­cat Lake). An Ital­ian ex­plorer Lu­dovico di Varthema per­haps first gave the name Coro­man­del in 1510, which was then used on maps by the Por­tuguese, but it was the Dutch who took up se­ri­ous trad­ing there. Pazhaver­cadu (Puli­cat) was an early Dutch set­tle­ment along with Ma­sooli­pat­nam in pre­sent-day Andhra Pradesh. There is a Dutch ceme­tery be­long­ing to the 17th cen­tury at Puli­cat. It is said[by whom?]that the first Dutch ship stopped here for fresh drink­ing water, and upon ask­ing the name of the place Ka­ri­manal was spelled as Coromon­dal (K re­placed with C and d in­serted). The land of the Chola dy­nasty was called Chola­man­dalam (சோழ மண்டலம்) in Tamil, trans­lated as The realm of the Cholas, from which the Por­tuguese de­rived the name Coro­man­del. The name could also be de­rived from Karai mandalam, mean­ing...

    Economy

    Agri­cul­ture is the main­stay of the coastal econ­omy. Rice, pulses (legumes), sug­ar­cane, cot­ton, and peanuts (ground­nuts) are grown. Ba­nanas and betel nuts are grown to­gether with rice in the low-rain­fall re­gion of the in­te­rior. There are ca­sua­r­ina and co­conut plan­ta­tions along the coast.[citation needed] Large-scale in­dus­tries pro­duce fer­til­iz­ers, chem­i­cals, film pro­jec­tors, am­pli­fiers, trucks, and au­to­mo­biles. There is a heavy ve­hi­cle and ar­moured car fac...

    Geography

    The coast is gen­er­ally low, and punc­tu­ated by the deltas of sev­eral large rivers, in­clud­ing the Kaveri, Palar, Pen­ner, and Kr­ishna River, which rise in the high­lands of the West­ern Ghats and flow across the Dec­can Plateau to drain into the Bay of Ben­gal. The al­lu­vial plains cre­ated by these rivers are fer­tile and favour agri­cul­ture. The rivers re­main dry dur­ing most of the year. There is lit­tle for­est cover, but marshes, swamps, scrub wood­lands, and thorny thick­ets ar...

    Climate

    The Coro­man­del Coast falls in the rain shadow of the West­ern Ghats moun­tain range, and re­ceives less rain­fall dur­ing the sum­mer south­west mon­soons, which con­tributes heavy rain­fall in some parts of India.[citation needed] The re­gion av­er­ages 800 mm/year, most of which falls be­tween Oc­to­ber and De­cem­ber. The topog­ra­phy of the Bay of Ben­gal, and the stag­gered weather pat­tern preva­lent dur­ing the sea­son favours north­east mon­soons, which have a ten­dency to cause cy­...

    By late 1530 the Coro­man­del Coast was home to three Por­tuguese set­tle­ments at Na­ga­p­at­ti­nam, São Tomé de Meli­a­pore, and Puli­cat . In the 17th and 18th cen­turies, the Coro­man­del Coast was the scene of ri­val­ries among Eu­ro­pean pow­ers for con­trol of the India trade. The British es­tab­lished them­selves at Fort St George (Madras) and Ma­suli­pat­nam, the Dutch at Puli­cat, Sadras and Cov­e­long, the French at Pondicherry, Karaikal and Nizam­pat­nam, the Dan­ish in Dans­borgat Tha­rangam­badi. The Coro­man­del Coast sup­plied In­dian Mus­lim eu­nuchs to the Thai palace and court of Siam (mod­ern Thailand).The Thai at times asked eu­nuchs from China to visit the court in Thai­land and ad­vise them on court rit­ual since they held them in high regard. Even­tu­ally the British won out, al­though France re­tained the tiny en­claves of Pondichéry and Karaikal until 1954. Chi­nese lac­quer goods, in­clud­ing boxes, screens, and chests, be­came known as "Coro­man­del" good...

    Four ships of the Royal Navy have borne the name HMS Coro­man­del after the In­dian coast. The Coro­man­del Penin­sula in New Zealand was named after one of these ships, and the town of Coro­man­del, New Zealand was named after the penin­sula. Coro­man­del Val­ley, South Aus­tralia, and its neigh­bour­ing sub­urb, Coro­man­del East, gain their name from the ship Coro­man­del, which ar­rived in Hold­fast Bay from Lon­don in 1837 with 156 Eng­lish set­tlers. After the ship reached the shore, some of its sailors de­serted, in­tend­ing to re­main be­hind in South Aus­tralia, and took refuge in the hills in the Coro­man­del Val­ley re­gion. In Slovene the idiom In­dija Koromandija (India Coro­man­del) means a land of plenty,a promised land, a utopia where "Houses are bleached with cheese and cov­ered with cake".

    "India". World Statesman. Re­trieved 24 December 2020. Search for Dutch India and French India for in­for­ma­tion on Coro­man­del coast

  4. Coromandel was a governorate of the Dutch East India Company on the Coromandel Coast between 1610 until the company's liquidation in 1798. Dutch presence in the region began with the capture of Pulicat from the Portuguese, which then became a colony of the Kingdom of the Netherlands until 1825, when it was relinquished to the British according to the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824.

    Settlement
    Type
    Established
    Disestablished
    Fort Geldria ( Pulicat )
    Fort and factory
    1613
    1825
    Fort Vijf Sinnen ( Nagapattinam )
    Fort and factory
    1658
    1781
    Fort and factory
    1612
    1825
    Fort and factory
    1652
    1825
  5. English: The Coromandel Coast region — the southeastern coast of the Indian Subcontinent, within Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh states in South India . It can also include the northwestern coast of the island nation of Sri Lanka.

  6. Coromandel lacquer is a type of Chinese lacquerware, latterly mainly made for export, so called only in the West because it was shipped to European markets via the Coromandel coast of south-east India, where the Dutch East Indies Company (VOC) and its rivals from a number of European powers had bases in the 18th century.

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