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  1. › wiki › CyprusCyprus - Wikipedia

    Cyprus (/ ˈ s aɪ p r ə s / ()), officially called the Republic of Cyprus, is an island country in the eastern Mediterranean Sea.It is the third largest and third most populous island in the Mediterranean and is located south of Turkey; west of Syria; northwest of the Gaza Strip, Israel, and Lebanon; north of Egypt; and southeast of Greece.

    • Nicosia

      The Cyprus National Theatre, which contains two performance...

    • Ancient History of Cyprus

      Cyprus gained independence after 627 BC following the death...

    • Flag

      The national flag of Cyprus (Greek: σημαία της Κύπρου simea...

    • Cypriot National Guard

      The National Guard of Cyprus (Greek: Εθνική Φρουρά, Ethnikí...

    • Khirokitia

      Khirokitia (sometimes spelled Choirokoitia; Greek:...

    • Nicos Anastasiades

      Nicos Anastasiades (Greek: Νίκος Αναστασιάδης [ˈnikos...

  2. Cyprus is an island in the Eastern Basin of the Mediterranean Sea. It is the third largest island in the Mediterranean, after the Italian islands of Sicily and Sardinia, and the 80th largest island in the world by area. It is located south of the Anatolia peninsula, yet it belongs to the Cyprus arc. Cyprus may be included in Europe or West Asia ...

    • 9,251 km² (3,572 sq mi)
    • Nicosia
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  4. Cyprus is a Mediterranean island off the coasts of Syria and Turkey. It is the third-largest island in the Mediterranean; Sicily and Sardinia are larger. It is slightly larger than Puerto Rico. Geographically, it is part of Asia and in the Middle East, but for political reasons, it is sometimes counted as being part of Europe.

    • Overview
    • Prehistoric Cyprus
    • Bronze Age
    • Early Iron Age
    • Ancient Cyprus
    • Medieval Cyprus

    Human habitation of Cyprus dates back to the Paleolithic era. Cyprus's geographic position has caused Cyprus to be influenced by differing Eastern Mediterranean civilisations over the millennia. Periods of Cyprus's history from 1050 BC have been named according to styles of pottery found as follows: Cypro-Geometric I: 1050-950 BC Cypro-Geometric II: 950-850 BC Cypro-Geometric III: 850-700 BC Cypro-Archaic I: 700-600 BC Cypro-Archaic II: 600-475 BC Cypro-Classical I: 475-400 BC Cypro-Classical II

    Cyprus was settled by humans in the Paleolithic period who coexisted with various dwarf animal species, such as dwarf elephants and pygmy hippos well into the Holocene. There are claims of an association of this fauna with artifacts of Epipalaeolithic foragers at Aetokremnos near Limassol on the southern coast of Cyprus. The first undisputed settlement occurred in the 9th millennium BC from the Levant. The first settlers were agriculturalists of the so-called PPNB era, but did not yet produce po

    In the Bronze Age the first cities, such as Enkomi, were built. Systematic copper mining began, and this resource was widely traded. Mycenaean Greeks were undoubtedly inhabiting Cyprus from the late stage of the Bronze Age, while the island's Greek name is already attested from the 15th century BC in the Linear B script. The Cypriot syllabic script was first used in early phases of the late Bronze Age and continued in use for ca. 500 years into the LC IIIB, maybe up to the second half of the ele

    The early Iron Age on Cyprus follows the Submycenaean period of the Late Bronze Age. It is divided into the Geometric and Archaic periods. Foundations myths documented by classical authors connect the foundation of numerous Cypriot towns with immigrant Greek heroes in the wake of the Trojan war. For example, Teucer, brother of Aias was supposed to have founded Salamis, and the Arcadian Agapenor of Tegea to have replaced the native ruler Kinyras and to have founded Paphos. Some scholars see this

    The first written source shows Cyprus under Assyrian rule. A stela found 1845 in Kition commemorates the victory of king Sargon II in 709 over the seven kings in the land of Ia', in the district of Iadnana or Atnana. The former is supposedly the Assyrian name of the island, while some authors take the latter to mean Greece. There are other inscriptions referring to Ia' in Sargon's palace at Khorsabad. The ten kingdoms listed by an inscription of Esarhaddon in 673/2 BC have been identified as Sal

    After the division of the Roman Empire into an eastern half and a western half, Cyprus came under the rule of Constantinople. At that time, its bishop, while still subject to the Church, was made autocephalous by the Council of Ephesus. The Arabs and Muslims invaded Cyprus in force in the 650s, but in 688, the emperor Justinian II and the caliph Abd al-Malik reached an unprecedented agreement. For the next 300 years, Cyprus was ruled jointly by both the Arabs and the Byzantines as a condominium,

  5. The prime originator of Cypriot non-alignment was Archbishop of Cyprus Makarios III, the first President (1960–1977) of the independent republic of Cyprus. Prior to independence, Makarios - by virtue of his post as Archbishop of Cyprus and head of the Cypriot Orthodox Church - was the Greek Cypriot Ethnarch, or de facto leader of the community.

  6. › wiki › CyprusCyprus - Wikipedia

    Cyprus (Greek: Κύπρος, Kýpros; Turkish: Kıbrıs), offeecially the Republic o Cyprus (Greek: Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία, Kypriakí Dhimokratía; Turkish: Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti) is a Eurasian island kintra in the eastren pairt o the Mediterranean Sea. It is the third maist muckle island in the Mediterranean. The northren pairt o ...

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