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  1. But strictly speaking, in political contexts, an Absolutist authority has total control. Here, absolute means "total" or "complete." In philosophical contexts, an Absolute is something so perfectly...

  2. Jul 30, 2017 · Absolutism is a political theory which argues that one individual ( by and large, a sovereign ) should keep all power. This is frequently referred to as the “ Divine Right of Kings ” , connoting that a swayer ‘s authorization stems straight from God.

  3. ABSOLUTISM (Freedom of Speech and Press) In the 1950s and 1960s, some Justices of the Supreme Court and some commentators on the Court's work debated an abstract issue of constitutional theory pressed on it by Justice hugo l. black :Isthe first amendment an "absolute," totally forbidding government restrictions on speech and the press that fall within the Amendment's scope, or is the freedom ...

  4. www.encyclopedia.com › philosophy-and-religionAbsolute | Encyclopedia.com

    • The Structure of The Absolutist State
    • Venality of Office
    • Absolutism and War
    • The Social Foundations of Absolutism
    • Absolutism and The Nobility
    • The Legitimation of Absolutism
    • The Last Stage of Absolutism: Enlightened Despotism
    • Bibliography

    In absolutist as opposed to constitutional systems, representative institutions played no part in the lawmaking process; lawmaking was the prerogative of the king, who could override custom and the laws of his predecessors. Nor did absolute monarchs require consent for taxation. The growth of royal authority was frequently accompanied by a decline ...

    In contrast to those in central and eastern Europe (with the exception of the Prussian judiciary), institutional structures in France and Spain were dependent on sale of office. By the end of Louis XIV's reign the total number of venal offices, if those in the tax farms, municipalities, and army are included, may have been as high as seventy thousa...

    If it is indisputable that the emergence of absolutist regimes was a response to the bellicose turmoil of the seventeenth century, it is equally apparent that this was not the only possible outcome. In Sweden the military difficulties of the 1670s produced a lurch toward absolutism, but those of the Great Northern War (1700–1721), notably the milit...

    While these modern interpretations reject oversimplified connections between war and absolutism, they confine themselves largely to the dynamics of state finance, giving little weight to socioeconomic matters. This perhaps reflects the fading power of older class-based analyses of absolutism, which, in either Whiggish or marxist terms, fastened on ...

    Elsewhere in Europe the absolute state consolidated its position at the expense of the peasants, partly by increasing their tax burden and partly by reinforcing their subordination to landlords. Perhaps the most famous landmark in this process was the Russian law code of 1649, which bound the Russian peasant to the soil, a plight aggravated in 1722...

    As these observations suggest, the absolute state even in the west was hardly a progressive or modernizing force. Despite the growth of centralizing bureaucracies and a degree of functional specialization, the elevation of royal authority reflected its success in recovering control of patrimonial systems that had sometimes appeared to be on the ver...

    After 1760 the equilibrium of the absolutist regimes was once more disturbed. The Seven Years' War (1756–1763), sparked in part by Prussia's annexation of Silesia from Austria, ushered in several decades of intense great-power rivalry. Poland was wiped off the face of the map. The French monarchy, debilitated by fighting in Europe and overseas, nev...

    Anderson, Perry. Lineages of the Absolutist State.London, 1974. Beik, William. Absolutism and Society in Seventeenth-Century France: State Power andProvincial Aristocracy in Languedoc.Cambridge, U.K., 1985. Bonney Richard, ed. Economic Systems and State Finance.Oxford, 1995. Crummey, Robert O. Aristocrats and Servitors: The Boyar Elite in Russia, 1...

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  6. Moral absolutism asserts that there are certain universal moral principles by which all peoples’ actions may be judged. It is a form of deontology. The challenge with moral absolutism, however, is that there will always be strong disagreements about which moral principles are correct and which are incorrect.

  7. Nov 12, 2021 · This idea of holding all people accountable to the same moral standards is known as the concept of absolutism and is one of the main theories of morality in philosophical ethics. Its contrasting viewpoint, cultural relativism, argues that the morality of a person’s actions and practices should be judged to the standard of that person’s ...

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