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  1. Western culture is most strongly influenced by Greek philosophy, Roman law, and Christian culture. [1] Ancient Greece is considered the birthplace of many elements of Western culture, including the development of a democratic system of government and major advances in philosophy, science and mathematics.

  2. Studying pre-Babylonian Mesopotamia, Thorkild Jacobsen used Sumerian epic, myth, and historical records to identify what he has called primitive democracy.By this, Jacobsen means a government in which ultimate power rests with the mass of free (non-slave) male citizens, although "the various functions of government are as yet little specialised [and] the power structure is loose".

  3. Civilization refers to both a process and a destination. It describes the process of a social collective becoming civilized, or progressing from a state of nature, savagery, or barbarism to a state of civilization.

  4. Sep 06, 2010 · Ancient political philosophy is understood here to mean ancient Greek and Roman thought from the classical period of Greek thought in the fifth century BCE to the end of the Roman empire in the West in the fifth century CE, excluding the development of Jewish and Christian ideas about politics during that period.

  5. Dec 21, 2021 · A civilization is a complex human society, usually made up of different cities, with certain characteristics of cultural and technological development. Are you an ancient Egyptian or Roman? Would you be happiest...

  6. That noted, the Romans did not use the term “Western Civilization” and as their empire expanded, even the connection between Roman identity and Italy itself weakened. During the period that the empire was at its height the bulk of the population and wealth was in the east, concentrated in Egypt, Anatolia (the region corresponding to the ...

  7. Answer (1 of 36): First of all we have to set a clear definition of western country. First of all we have the western civilization. A new concept of the West was carved during WWII that has no correlation with the former one.

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