Define conversion disorder
medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000954.htm#:~:text=Conversion disorder is a mental condition in which,symptoms that cannot be explained by medical evaluation.
- Conversion disorder is a mental condition in which a person has blindness, paralysis, or other nervous system (neurologic) symptoms that cannot be explained by medical evaluation.
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Conversion disorder (CD), or functional neurologic symptom disorder, is a diagnostic category used in some psychiatric classification systems.It is sometimes applied to patients who present with neurological symptoms, such as numbness, blindness, paralysis, or fits, which are not consistent with a well-established organic cause, which cause significant distress, and can be traced back to a ...
- CBT, antidepressants, physical/occupational therapy
Conversion disorder definition is - a psychoneurosis in which bodily symptoms (such as paralysis of the limbs) appear without physical basis —called also conversion hysteria, conversion reaction.
- Risk Factors
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Functional neurologic disorders — a newer and broader term that includes what some people call conversion disorder — feature nervous system (neurological) symptoms that can't be explained by a neurological disease or other medical condition. However, the symptoms are real and cause significant distress or problems functioning.Signs and symptoms vary, depending on the type of functional neurologic disorder, and may include specific patterns. Typically these disorders affect your movement or yo...
Symptoms of functional neurologic disorders may vary, depending on the type of functional neurologic disorder, and they're significant enough to cause impairment and warrant medical evaluation. Symptoms can affect body movement and function and the senses.Signs and symptoms that affect body movement and function may include: 1. Weakness or paralysis 2. Abnormal movement, such as tremors or difficulty walking 3. Loss of balance 4. Difficulty swallowing or feeling \\"a lump in the throat\\" 5. Seiz...
The exact cause of functional neurologic disorders is unknown. Theories regarding what happens in the brain to result in symptoms are complex and involve multiple mechanisms that may differ, depending on the type of functional neurologic disorder.Basically, parts of the brain that control the functioning of your muscles and senses may be involved, even though no disease or abnormality exists.Symptoms of functional neurologic disorders may appear suddenly after a stressful event, or with emoti...
Factors that may increase your risk of functional neurologic disorders include: 1. Having a neurological disease or disorder, such as epilepsy, migraines or a movement disorder 2. Recent significant stress or emotional or physical trauma 3. Having a mental health condition, such as a mood or anxiety disorder, dissociative disorder or certain personality disorders 4. Having a family member with a functional neurologic disorder 5. Possibly, having a history of physical or sexual abuse or neglec...
Some symptoms of functional neurologic disorders, particularly if not treated, can result in substantial disability and poor quality of life, similar to that caused by medical conditions or disease.
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Nov 08, 2017 · Conversion disorder is a psychiatric condition in which a person develops physical symptoms that are not under voluntary control and are not explained by a neurological disease or another medical ...
Oct 18, 2017 · Conversion disorder is a broad term for when mental or emotional distress causes physical symptoms without the existence of an actual physical condition.
- Diana Wells
- Risk Factors
Conversion disorder is a psychological condition that causes symptoms that appear to be neurological, such as paralysis, speech impairment, or tremors. It is a relatively rare mental illness with fewer than 25 cases reported in a population of 100,000, according to the National Organization for Rare Diseases. It is categorized as a type of somatoform disorder according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), the leading diagnostic guide for the mental health profession. There's typically a sudden onset of symptoms that affect voluntary motor or sensory function — and these symptoms can disappear just as suddenly, without any physiological reason.
The DSM-5offers several specific criteria for diagnosing conversion disorder, including: 1. There must be at least one symptom of sensory or motor impairment. 2. Symptoms are not caused by neurological condition, physical disease, or substance abuse. 3. Symptoms are preceded by conflict or psychological stress. 4. Symptoms are not better explained by somatization disorder or another psychological condition.
Conversion disorder is usually caused by a psychological reaction to a highly stressful event or emotional trauma. For example, a soldier who subconsciously wishes to avoid firing a gun may develop paralysis in his or her hand. The disorder does not necessarily develop right away, though, so it's important to disclose recent and past stress when speaking to your therapist. Other risk factors of conversion disorder include: 1. Being female; women have a higher risk of developing the disorder 2. Having a mental health condition, including mood or anxiety disorders, dissociative identity disorder(formerly known as multiple personality disorder) or other personality disorders 3. Having a neurological disease, such as epilepsy 4. Having a family member with conversion disorder 5. Being highly conscientious, hard-working, compulsive and a perfectionist 6. A history of physical or sexual abuse and neglect as a child
The physical symptoms of conversion disorder are often described as your body's way of dealing with the unresolved stress or unexpressed emotions that triggered the disorder. In other words, the physical symptoms distract the person from the emotional duress. Conversion disorder typically affects movement function as well as the senses. Some common red flags include: 1. Weakness or paralysis 2. Abnormal walking or tremors 3. Loss of balance 4. Trouble swallowing or feelings of "a lump" in your throat 5. Seizures or convulsions 6. Episode of unresponsiveness 7. Numbness or loss of the sensation of touch 8. Slurred speech or inability to speak 9. Blindness or double vision 10. Deafness or problems hearing
Aug 18, 2017 · Conversion disorder is a disorder in which a person experiences blindness, paralysis, or other symptoms affecting the nervous system that cannot be explained solely by a physical illness or injury. Symptoms usually begin suddenly after a period of emotional or physical distress or psychological conflict.
Conversion disorder is a rare condition in which your brain converts mental stress into physical symptoms. Learn more about the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and outlook for conversion ...