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Sep 10, 2007 · Ancient and Medieval philosophers might have said that metaphysics was, like chemistry or astrology, to be defined by its subject-matter: metaphysics was the “science” that studied “being as such” or “the first causes of things” or “things that do not change”. It is no longer possible to define metaphysics that way, for two reasons.
Metaphysics is concerned, first and foremost, with the nature of real ity. But it is not by any means the only subject with this concern. Physics deals with the nature of physical reality, epistemology with the nature of knowledge, and aesthetics with the nature of beauty. How then is meta physics to be distinguished from these other subjects?1
What Is Metaphysics? The great Greek philosopher Plato wrote (in the dialogue Theaetetus) that philosophy “begins in wonder,” a phrase repeated by his student Aristotle in his Metaphysics. This is especially true of that branch of philosophy that we, echoing the title of Aristotle’s book, call “metaphysics.”
Jan 1, 2013 · Aristotle talks about 'the first philosophy' throughout the Metaphysics -- and it is metaphysics that Aristotle considers to be the first philosophy -- but he never makes it entirely clear...
Metaphysics is the branch of philosophy that studies the fundamental nature of reality. This includes the first principles of: being or existence , identity , change, space and time , cause and effect , necessity, actuality, and possibility.