- 1. a person who has committed a crime: "these men are dangerous criminals"
- 1. relating to crime: "they are charged with conspiracy to commit criminal damage" Similar Opposite
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Definition of criminal. (Entry 1 of 2) 1 : relating to, involving, or being a crime criminal neglect a criminal organization. 2 : relating to crime or to the prosecution of suspects in a crime criminal statistics brought criminal action the criminal justice system. 3 : guilty of crime also : of or befitting a criminal a criminal mind.
crim•i•nal. (ˈkrɪm ə nl) adj. 1. of the nature of or involving crime. 2. guilty of crime. 3. dealing with crime or its punishment: a criminal proceeding. 4. senseless; foolish: a criminal waste of food. 5. exorbitant; outrageous: criminal prices. n.
adjective. of the nature of or involving crime. guilty of crime. Law. of or relating to crime or its punishment: a criminal proceeding. senseless; foolish: It's criminal to waste so much good food. exorbitant; grossly overpriced: They charge absolutely criminal prices.
criminal. 1) n. a popular term for anyone who has committed a crime, whether convicted of the offense or not. More properly it should apply only to those actually convicted of a crime. Repeat offenders are sometimes called habitual criminals. 2) adj. certain acts or people involved in or relating to a crime.
A criminal is someone who breaks the law. If you're a murderer, thief, or tax cheat, you're a criminal. When you think of criminals, your first thought might be of someone awful like a murderer. But this word is a lot broader — Anyone who breaks the law is technically a criminal, even if the crime is just not paying a speeding ticket.
The definition of criminal is someone or something related to the commission of a crime. An example of criminal is an activity where money is stolen.
- Should More Crimes Be Made Federal Offenses?
Criminal intent must be formed before the act, and it must unite with the act. It need not exist for any given length of time before the act; the intent and the act can be as instantaneous as simultaneous or successive thoughts.A jury may be permitted to infer criminal intent from facts that would lead a reasonable person to believe that it existed. For example, the intent to commit Burglary may be inferred from the accused's possession of tools for picking locks.Criminal intent may also be p...
Malice is a state of mind that compels a person to deliberately cause unjustifiable injury to another person. At Common Law, murder was the unlawful killing of one human being by another with malice aforethought, or a predetermination to kill without legal justification or excuse. Most jurisdictions have omitted malice from statutes, in favor of less-nebulous terms to describe intent, such as purpose and knowing.Massachusetts, for example, has retained malice as an element in criminal prosecu...
Motives are the causes or reasons that induce a person to form the intent to commit a crime. They are not the same as intent. Rather, they explains why the person acted to violate the law. For example, knowledge that one will receive insurance funds upon the death of another may be a motive for murder, and sudden financial difficulty may be motive for embezzlement or burglary.Proof of a motive is not required for the conviction of a crime. The existence of a motive is immaterial to the matter...
Defenses Negating Criminal Capacity To be held responsible for a crime, a person must understand the nature and consequences of his or her unlawful conduct. Under certain circumstances, a person who commits a crime lacks the legal capacity to be held responsible for the act.Examples of legal incapacity are infancy, incompetence, and intoxication.Children are not criminally responsible for their actions until they are old enough to understand the difference between right and wrong and the natu...
Enforcement of criminal laws in the United States has traditionally been a matter handled by the states. The federal government, conversely, has typically limited itself to policing only crimes against the federal government and interstate crime. This is just one expression of the U.S. system of Federalism, the notion that the federal government exists in tandem with the states and does not, without necessity, deprive states of their powers. The Tenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is an...
Under common law, when a person committed a major crime that included a lesser offense, the latter merged with the former. This meant that the accused could not be charged with both crimes. The modern law of merger applies only to solicitation and attempt. One who solicits another to commit a crime may not be convicted of both the solicitation and the completed crime. Likewise, a person who attempts and completes a crime may not be convicted of both the attempt and the completed crime.
An attempt to commit a crime is conduct intended to lead to the commission of the crime. It is more than mere preparation, but it falls short of actual commission of the intended offense. An intent to commit a crime is not the same as an attempt to commit a crime. Intent is a mental quality that implies a purpose, whereas attempt implies an effort to carry that purpose or intent into execution. An attempt goes beyond preliminary planning and involves a move toward commission of the crime.As a...
When two or more persons act together to break the law, conspiracy is an additional charge to the intended crime. For example, if two persons conspire to commit robbery, and they commit the robbery, both face two charges: conspiracy to commit robbery and robbery.
Criminal law, the body of law that defines criminal offenses, regulates the apprehension, charging, and trial of suspected persons, and fixes penalties and modes of treatment applicable to convicted offenders.