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  2. What does Science and Technology mean? - definitions and...

    Science and technology is a topic that encompasses science, technology, and the interactions between the two. Science is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of explanations and predictions about nature and the universe.

  3. Science and Technology - Oxford Reference

    Science and Technology Science encompasses the systematic study of the structure and behaviour of the physical and natural world through observation and experiment, and technology is the application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes.

    • Definition of Science, Technology, and Society
    • Definition of Science and Technology
    • What is Science?
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  4. Science and technology - Wikipedia

    Science and technology is an interdisciplinary topic encompassing science, technology, and their interactions: Science is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of explanations and predictions about nature and the universe. Technology is the collection of the techniques and processes used in the production of goods or services, or the accomplishment of objectives such as scientific investigation.

  5. What Is the Meaning of Science and Technology?

    May 27, 2020 · Science is the methodical process in which humans observe and experiment in different fields of study to gain evidence for a clearer understanding of the world. Humans then use science to apply to technology practices. Technology is used through process and design to improve the quality of our lives in many forms.

  6. Science vs Technology - Difference and Comparison | Diffen
    • Definition of Science and Technology
    • Differences in Etymology
    • Is Technology Related to Science?

    Science from the Latin scientia (knowledge) is a system of acquiring knowledge based on the scientific method, as well as the organized body of knowledge gained through such research. Science as defined here is sometimes termed pure science to differentiate it from applied science, which is the application of scientific research to specific human needs.Technology is a broad concept that deals with a species' usage and knowledge of tools and crafts, and how it affects a species' ability to con...

    The word science comes through the Old French, and is derived from the Latin word scientia for knowledge, which in turn comes from scio - 'I know'. From the Middle Ages to the Enlightenment, science or scientia meant any systematic recorded knowledge. Science therefore had the same sort of very broad meaning that philosophy had at that time. In other languages, including French, Spanish, Portuguese, and Italian, the word corresponding to science also carries this meaning. Today, the primary m...

    Bigelow’s phrase “the practical applications of science” points to the root of much of the current confusion as to the meaning of technology. In using this phrase to describe technology he effectively placed technology beneath the umbrella of science to such an extent that science and technology are now, as Rose described, seen by many as an “indivisible pair” with technology as the subservient and dependant partner. Thus, for much of the time the pair are wrapped together into a single conce...

  7. Difference Between Science and Technology (With Comparison ...

    Jan 31, 2017 · Science can be defined as an organised way of gathering knowledge on a subject, through various observations and experiments. Technology is the practical usage of the laws of science for different purposes. Science is nothing but a process of exploring new knowledge, whereas technology is putting scientific knowledge into practice. Science is very useful to gain knowledge about a natural phenomenon, and their reasons.

  8. Science, Technology, and Society Studies |
    • Basic Themes
    • Historical Development
    • The STS Controversy
    • The Problem of Ethics
    • Summary
    • Bibliography

    The field of Science, Technology, and Society Studies covers several basic themes. CONSTRUCTIVISM. First and foremost, STS assumes scientific and technological developments to be socially constructed phenomena. That is, science and technology are inherently human, and hence value-laden, activities that are always approached and understood cognitively. This view does not deny the constraints imposed by nature on the physical reality of technological artifacts, but it does maintain that knowledge and understanding of nature, of science, and of technology are socially mediated processes. CONTEXTUALISM. As a corollary to the notion of constructivism, it follows that science and technology are historically, politically, and culturally embedded, which means they can only be understood in context. To do otherwise would be to deny their socially constructed nature. This does not contradict reality,but does suggest that there are different contextualized ways of knowing. Likewise any given t...

    STS as an explicit academic field of teaching and research emerged in the United States in the mid-1960s, as scholars and academics alike raised doubts about the theretofore largely unquestioned beneficence of science and technology. Public concerns relating to such areas as consumerism, the environment, nuclear power, and the Vietnam War began to lead to a critique of the idea of technoscientific progress that many people had generally come to believe. Marked by such popular works as Rachel Carson's Silent Spring (1962) that raised questions about the hazards associated with chemical insecticides such as DDT and Ralph Nader's automotive industry expose, Unsafe at Any Speed(1965), STS reflected a widening activist and public engagement with technoscientific issues and concerns. At approximately the same time this social movement was emerging, parallel changes within a number of traditional disciplinary academic fields were occurring. Evolving out of the work of scholars such as Thom...

    One result of this intellectual theorizing about the socially constructed nature of technoscience has been a strong, often polemical, backlash from certain quarters of the scientific community. This was unfortunate because much of the debate in what became known as the Science Wars appeared to miss, or ignore, the central focus and insights of STS, and was often polemical because of comments by participants on both sides. Many scientists hold tightly to the traditional ideal of objective knowledge based on reason and empirical evidence. For such individuals relativist claims that scientific knowledge is socially constructed and not to be found in an objective autonomous nature, but rather as the result of a set of historically and culturally elaborated set of conventions, was unsettling and struck more than a discordant note. Combined with widespread evidence of scientific illiteracy among school children and widely held pseudoscientific beliefs on the part of the general public, so...

    To say that incorporating an ethical awareness and normative framework into society's control and shaping of contemporary science and technology will be difficult, is not to say that it should not be attempted, nor that such attempts from within the STS community are not already occurring. Indeed that has been much of the raison d'etre of STS right from the beginning, even of those more intellectual scholars most interested in revealing the epistemological underpinnings of scientific knowledge. Thus it has been the case that STS social constructivists have often revealed the underlying values and ethical choice decisions made in scientific research and discovery, while those analyzing technological decision making, such as that surrounding the launch of the space shuttle Challenger (Vaughan 1996), similarly revealed the ethics of the decision to go forward that chilly Florida morning, even in the face of admittedly mixed evidence regarding the viability of O-rings at reduced tempera...

    As the foregoing analysis suggests, STS, as an intellectual area of research and teaching, as applied policy analysis, and as a social movement, is not only a field well suited to explain the nature of science and technology (historically and in the contemporary world), but one that also holds out great promise for the normative and democratic enhancement of today's technoscientific society. STS both provides an analytical framework and serves as a locus of debate. Such is the potential of STS and the greatest opportunity for its application. STEPHEN H. CUTCLIFFE SEE ALSO Interdisciplinarity;Merton, Robert;Scandinavian and Nordic Perspectives;Science, Technology and Law;Science, Technology, and Literature;Sokol Affair.

    Bijker,Wiebe. (1993). "Do Not Despair: There is Life after Constructivism." Science, Technology, & Human Values18 (Winter): 113–138. Bijker, Wiebe. (2001). "Understanding Technological Culture through a Constructivist View of Science, Technology, and Society." In Visions of STS: Counterpoints in Science, Technology, and Society Studies, eds. Stephen H. Cutcliffe and Carl Mitcham. Albany: State University of New YorkPress. Bijker, Wiebe. (2003). "The Need for Public Intellectuals: A Space for STS." Science, Technology, & Human Values28 (Autumn): 443–450. Carson, Rachel. (1962). Silent Spring.Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Cutcliffe, Stephen H. (2000). Ideas, Machines, and Values: An Introduction to Science, Technology, and Society Studies.Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield. Cutcliffe, Stephen H., and Carl Mitcham, eds. (2001). Visions of STS: Counterpoints in Science, Technology, and Society. Albany: State University of New YorkPress. Gross, Paul R., and Norman Levitt. (1994). Higher Supe...

  9. Science & Technology - Introduction - Tutorialspoint

    The development in the field of technology paves way for research and development in the field of Science. For example, space science is one of them. Technological development likewise indirectly stimulates basic research in the field of science.

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