Denmark is a representative democracy with universal suffrage. Membership of the Folketing is based on proportional representation of political parties, with a 2% electoral threshold. Denmark elects 175 members to the Folketing, with Greenland and the Faroe Islands electing an additional two members each—179 members in total.
From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Denmark (Danish: Danmark), officially named the Kingdom of Denmark, is a Nordic country in Northern Europe. It is the furthest south of the Scandinavian countries, to the south of Norway and south-west of Sweden (which it is connected to by a bridge). It has a south border with Germany.
The history of Denmark as a unified kingdom began in the 8th century, but historic documents describe the geographic area and the people living there—the Danes —as early as 500 AD. These early documents include the writings of Jordanes and Procopius. With the Christianization of the Danes c. 960 AD, it is clear that there existed a kingship.
Frae Wikipedia, the free beuk o knawledge Denmark (Dens: Danmark) is a Scandinavie kintra in Northren Europe. The kintras o Denmark an Greenland, as well as the Faroe Islands, constitute the Kinrick o Denmark. It is the soothmaist o the Nordic kintras, soothwast o Swaden an sooth o Norawa, an bordered tae the sooth bi Germany.
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According to 2017 figures from Statistics Denmark, 86.9% of Denmark's population of over 5,760,694 was of Danish descent, defined as having at least one parent who was born in Denmark and has Danish citizenship. The remaining 13.1% were of a foreign background, defined as immigrants or descendants of recent immigrants.
The Monarchy of Denmark, colloquially known as the Danish Monarchy, is a constitutional institution and a historic office of the Kingdom of Denmark. The Kingdom includes Denmark proper, as well as the autonomous countries of the Faroe Islands and Greenland.
At the outset of World War II in September 1939, Denmark declared itself neutral. For most of the war, the country was a protectorate and then an occupied territory of Germany . The decision to occupy Denmark was taken in Berlin on 17 December 1939. 
The current prime minister of Denmark is Mette Frederiksen, since 27 June 2019. Frederiksen's administration is a coalition between the Social Democrats with parliamentary support from the Social Liberals , Socialist People's Party , Red–Green Alliance , the Faroese Social Democratic Party and Greenland 's Inuit Ataqatigiit and Siumut .
This Wikipedia page [ 1] will give you a longer explanation, but I answer it here briefly: Danmark, as per Danish mythology, refers to the land of King Dan. But it might also have originated from the Old Norse word Danmǫrk (Danmörk in Icelandic), referring to the Danish March.