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  1. Using a relative measure of child poverty, an impoverished child growing up in a developing country suffers more hardship than most children living in poverty in a developed country. Poverty in these countries is a condition usually characterised by a severe deprivation of basic human needs (UN,1995).

  2. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › First_WorldFirst World - Wikipedia

    The First World and Second World were at constant odds with one another via the tensions between their two cores, the United States and the Soviet Union, respectively. The Cold War, as its name suggests, was a primarily ideological struggle between the First and Second Worlds, or more specifically, the U.S. and the Soviet Union. [18]

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  4. Reverse brain drain is a form of brain drain where human capital moves in reverse from a more developed country to a less developed country that is developing rapidly. These migrants may accumulate savings, also known as remittances, and develop skills overseas that can be used in their home country.

  5. In demography, demographic transition is a phenomenon and theory which refers to the historical shift from high birth rates and high infant death rates in societies with minimal technology, education (especially of women) and economic development, to low birth rates and low death rates in societies with advanced technology, education and economic development, as well as the stages between ...

  6. The Brazil–United States cotton dispute was a World Trade Organization dispute settlement case (DS267) on the issue of unfair subsidies on cotton.In 2002, Brazil—a major cotton export competitor—expressed its growing concerns about United States cotton subsidies by initiating a WTO dispute settlement case against certain features of the U.S. cotton program.

    • March 18 2003
    • United States — Subsidies on Upland Cotton
    • For Developing Countries
    • For Selected High-Income OECD Countries
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    The Human Development Reports website summarizes this as "A composite index measuring deprivations in the three basic dimensions captured in the human development index—a long and healthy life, knowledge and a decent standard of living." The formula for calculating it is: 1. HPI-1 = [ 1 3 ( P 1 α + P 2 α + P 3 α ) ] 1 α {\\displaystyle \\left[{\\frac {1}{3}}\\left(P_{1}^{\\alpha }+P_{2}^{\\alpha }+P_{3}^{\\alpha }\\right)\\right]^{\\frac {1}{\\alpha }}} P 1 {\\displaystyle P_{1}} : Probability at birth of not surviving to age 40 (times 100) P 2 {\\displaystyle P_{2}} : Adult illiteracy rate P 3 {\\displaystyle P_{3}} : Arithmetic average of 3 characteristics: α {\\displaystyle \\alpha } : 3

    The Human Development Reports website summarizes this as "A composite index measuring deprivations in the four basic dimensions captured in the human development index—a long and healthy life, knowledge and a decent standard of living—and also capturing social exclusion." The formula for calculating it is: 1. HPI-2 = [ 1 4 ( P 1 α + P 2 α + P 3 α + P 4 α ) ] 1 α {\\displaystyle \\left[{\\frac {1}{4}}\\left(P_{1}^{\\alpha }+P_{2}^{\\alpha }+P_{3}^{\\alpha }+P_{4}^{\\alpha }\\right)\\right]^{\\frac {1}{\\alpha }}} P 1 {\\displaystyle P_{1}} : Probability at birth of not surviving to age 60 (times 100) P 2 {\\displaystyle P_{2}} : Adults lacking functional literacy skills P 3 {\\displaystyle P_{3}} : Population below income poverty line (50% of median adjusted household disposable income) P 4 {\\displaystyle P_{4}} : Rate of long-term unemployment (lasting 12 months or more) α {\\displaystyle \\alpha } : 3 The last report, 2007–2008, only has a ranking for 19 of the 22 countries with the highest Human D...

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