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  1. Different Types of Religion - Religion Resources Online

    www.religionresourcesonline.org › different-types

    The Foundation for the Advancement of Religion Online encourages you to learn about the many different types of religion that dot our world. We hope you use this page to read about the beliefs of the different religions on this site to decide which religion you should be a part of.

  2. Types of religion around the world and throughout history ...

    world-religions.info › types-of-religion

    Feb 17, 2020 · The primary religions of the world (Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, Confucianism, Christianity, Taoism, and Judaism) differ in many respects, including how each religion is organized and the belief system each supports.

  3. Orthodox Judaism And Reform Judaism: Similarities And ...

    www.ipl.org › essay › Orthodox-Judaism-And-Reform

    Judaism is one of the oldest religions in the world. Over the years, Judaism has evolved into many different denominations. This separation between Jews is mostly because of their different interpretations of the scriptures. These different denominations range from extremely orthodox and traditional to very liberal and flexible.

  4. The History of 3 Religions

    bookbuilder.cast.org › view_print

    People who practice Judaism are referred to as Jewish, Jews, or Israelites. The founder of the religion is the prophet Abraham. There are three different types of Judaism, Orthodox, Conservative, and Reformed. Judaism is classified by the belief that the Messiah is coming, but has not yet arrived.

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  6. Different Types of Religions - Spiritual Ray

    spiritualray.com › different-types-of-religions
    • Christianity
    • Islam
    • Hinduism
    • Buddhism
    • Sikhism
    • Judaism
    • Bahá’í Faith
    • Jainism
    • Zoroāstrianism

    (approx. 2.1 billion followers) Christianity, the monotheistic (belief in one God) and Abrahamic (tracing its origins to Abraham, a biblical patriarch found in Christianity, Judaism as well as Islam) religion, is one of the largest of the world religions, with followers spread across all the continents. When it originated in the middle of the first century, it was but a marginal sect of Judaism, limited to a small province called Levant, on the eastern boundary of the Roman Empire. However, by the fourth century, Christianity became the official religion of Roman Empire, replacing all the other faiths practiced before. Christianity is based on the life, experiences, and teachings of Jesus Christ. It considers Jesus to be the Son of God. He is thus, a divine being born into the mortal world, and has both, divine as well as mortal affiliations. Owing to Jesus’ hypostatic character, he is both, the ‘prophet’ of the Almighty, and the ‘messiah’, who will save humanity. Added to this, the...

    (approx. 1.6 billion followers) Islam is also a monotheistic Abrahamic religion, like Christianity. The followers of Islam are known as Muslims, and its teachings are lucidly expressed in the Qur’an, its sacred text. The words written in the Qur’an are considered to be the verbatim words of God himself, brought and taught to the mortals by His prophets. According to a Hadith(a statement of the Islamic prophet Muhammad), there were as many as 124,000 prophets send by God to spread his message, but only 25 of them have been mentioned in the Qur’an. However, Muhammad, the last Islamic prophet is important, in that he was attested the responsibility to convey the final word of God to the world. Rigorous monotheism is the fundamental concept in Islam. Muslims believe that God, Allah, is the singular, eternal, and an absolute entity, who is formless, all-pervasive, and asexual. Because He is formless, the Muslims are not supposed to visualize God, or worship Him in any anthropomorphic/zoo...

    (approx. 1 billion followers) Hinduism is a predominant henotheistic (belief in one God but not refusing the existence of the others, who may also be worshiped) religion of the Indian sub-continent, and is considered to be the oldest surviving religious tradition in the world. The religion developed step by step throughout the ages, and has no designated founder. Adherents of Hinduism are known as Hindus. The faith developed, initially as Sanātana Dharma(the eternal law), and later on as Brahmanism, before it could consolidate at a later date as Hinduism. Because the religion does not bear one particular founder, it also does not have one particular/standardized philosophy. On the contrary, diverse ethnic and cultural traditions went on assimilating into each other, as they spread through various religious movements in the entire Indian sub-continent. The end result was an independent religious tradition devoid of heresy, blasphemy, and apostasy. Hinduism is based on a number of scr...

    (approx. 376 million followers) Buddhism originated as a heterodox religious ideology, sometime between 600 B.C. and 400 B.C., in the Indian subcontinent. When the orthodox Brahmanismbecame very stringent and exploitative, especially towards the lower classes, Siddhartha Gautama, commonly called the Buddha(the enlightened one), came up with new philosophical doctrines, and established a sect of yellow-robed followers belonging to all strata of the society. The entire Buddhist faith rests on the Four Noble Truths (cattāri ariyasaccāni), which are the core of all Buddhist teachings. They are as under: 1. Life is full of suffering. 2. Desire is the root of all suffering. 3. Suffering can be overcome by eliminating all desires. 4. Elimination of desires can be attained by following the noble Eightfold Path (aṣṭāṅgika mārga). The Eightfold Path has been prescribed by the Buddha as a right way to live life, and as a path that ultimately leads to salvation. Following are the factors of the...

    (approx. 24 million followers) Sikhism, a monotheistic religion founded by Gurū Nānak in the 15th century, is one of the world’s youngest religions. This religious faith, established in the Punjab region of northwestern India with a limited number of followers in the beginning, is today, the fifth-largest organized religion in the world. Even today, though Sikh diaspora is quite visibly present in numerous parts of the world, Punjab remains the only region, where majority of the population is Sikh. A devoted Sikh is expected to be an amalgam of a saint and a soldier. That is to say, he must be both compassionate as well as aggressive, and should be able to distinguish between good and evil, and apply his traits accordingly. The God of the Sikhs is called Wāhegurū. He is omnipresent and possesses infinite power to create, sustain, and destroy. But, at the same time, he is niraṅkār(shapeless), akāl(timeless), and alakh(sightless). The expression ēk ōaṅkār(the supreme reality) represen...

    (approx. 14 million followers) Judaism is the oldest of the Abrahamic faiths, which also include Christianity and Islam. It is also one of the oldest monotheistic religions of the world. It was founded in the Middle East, around 3,500 years ago, by a prophet called Moses, to whom, it is believed that God revealed his laws and commandments. The Tanakhor the Hebrew Bibleis the Jewish canonical text through which most of the religion has been studied and understood. In Judaism, the concept of God, and His relationship with humankind has been brought out in a very interesting manner. The Jews believe that there is only one God, and that they have a set agreement, a covenant with Him. In return for all the good things which the God endows people with, they have to abide by His laws, and live a sacred life spreading peace and harmony in the world. It is this ‘give and take relationship’ with God that gives Him human characteristics, and thus makes Him all the more approachable. But, on th...

    (approx. 7 million followers) The Bahá’í Faith, one of the youngest monotheistic religious traditions in the world, was founded in Iran in 1863 by a man called Bahá’u’lláh. The very crux of this faith lies in the spiritual unity of mankind, which can be achieved if all individuals function in harmony for the common benefit of human race. The divine messengers/prophets of God, form the base of this faith. It is believed that the history of humankind can be unraveled through the teachings of a series of divine messengers, who established their own religious faiths according to the need of the period during which they lived. And so, all these messengers, including Moses, Jesus, and Muhammad, have a prominent place in the faith. According to the Bahá’í beliefs, Bahá’u’lláh is the most recent ‘manifestation of God’ (divine messenger). The Bahá’ís believe that there is only one God and the entire universe and its creations belong to Him. He is omnipotent and imperishable. He possesses a p...

    (approx. 4.2 million followers) Like Buddhism, Jainism also emerged as a heterodox sect of Brahmanism, which later on transformed as a full-fledged religious ideology. In 600 B.C., Vardhamāna Mahāvira rose to prominence as an important proponent of Jainism, who managed to build up a large group of followers for the faith. The Jain philosophy promotes a non-violent and harmless existence for the welfare of the universe. Traditionally, there have been 24 Tirthankāras(ford-makers), who preached the faith, and aided people to achieve salvation. The first and the foremost principle on with the Jain faith rests is that of non-violence (Ahimsā). The Jains believe that all living things, plants and animals alike, have living souls, and are thus equivalent to each other. Harming any of the living things is hence, a great sin. In lieu of this, the Jains strictly adhere to vegetarianism, as killing of animals is prohibited in the religion. Added to this, there are five great vows (Mahāvrata) t...

    (approx. 2.6 million followers) Founded by prophet Zoroāster in ancient Persia (present day Iran) about 3,500 years ago, Zoroāstrianism is one of the world’s oldest monotheistic religions. For about 1,000 years after its foundation, the religion remained one of the most influential faiths in the world, and it was also the official religion of Persia from 600 B.C. to 650 A.D. The adherents of Zoroastrianism are known as the Zoroastrians. The Zoroāstrians regard Ahurā Mazdāto be the creator of all the good things in the universe, aša, which the evil, drujtries to destroy. This represents the ongoing conflict between good and evil forces existing simultaneously in the universe. However, Ahurā Mazdā does not pervade the material world as he is assumed to be the ‘uncreated creator’, but can be worshiped through a host of other lesser divinities called the Amesha Spentasand the Yazatas. The place of worship of the Zoroāstrians is the Fire Temple, known as the Agiāry. However, contrary to...

  7. Jan 31, 2021 · The oldest established eastern form of Christianity, the Holy Orthodox Church, has a ceremonial head in the Bishop of Constantinople (Istanbul), also known as a Patriarch, but its various regional forms (e.g., Greek Orthodox, Russian Orthodox, Serbian Orthodox, Ukrainian Orthodox) are autocephalous (independent of Constantinople's authority, and have their own Patriarchs).

  8. Organization of Christianity - Religion Comparision

    www.religionresourcesonline.org › different-types

    Eastern Orthodox: Christ established a church through the apostles. All are members of the church of Christ who have a true conception of Christ in their hearts, and have been properly baptized. Episcopalian: The Christian church was organized by Christ while he lived on earth, and He inspired His apostles to further organize and expand it.

  9. Religious dress - Eastern Orthodox religious dress | Britannica

    www.britannica.com › topic › religious-dress

    Religious dress - Religious dress - Eastern Orthodox religious dress: The Middle Ages also witnessed the evolution of Eastern Orthodox vestments into approximately their present form. The eucharistic garment corresponding to the chasuble was the phelonion, with variant forms in the Greek and Russian churches. The sticharion, which is held by the zōnē, or girdle, corresponds to the alb. The ...

  10. Religions Vs. Cults: Is There A Difference? – Professor Ramos ...

    professorramos.blog › 2019/07/29 › religions-vs

    Jul 30, 2019 · Oxford University Press, 2010. In this book, it lays out a plethora of different types of religions and every single one of their ideologies. It explains the foundations of the religion in Sri Lanka all the way to the Catholic Church teachings. This book highlights the commonality between all the types of religions, which is the beliefs in gods.

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