- Nordic Ancestry DNA Basic Theory and Terminology
- Viking Background Haplogroups
- Subclades That Point to Viking Genetics
- How to Order DNA Test For Viking Ancestry
So having Viking ancestry, among other things, means a person is a descendant of someone who was born in Scandinavia. However, with respect to our genes, there is no such thing as “stemming from Scandinavia”. We all stem from Africa. But some of us have ancestor lines that passed through Denmark, Norway or Sweden at some point in time. We’re interested in those who did so during the Viking Age (AD 793—1066). In order to understand what genetic markers may help us find out if one has Viking ancestry, we are to delve into some theory and terminology. Genetic information is carried by DNA. DNA is the main component of chromosomes. Males have one Y chromosome and one X chromosome. Females have two X chromosomes. Y chromosome contains information about all the changes that occurred to it in a given direct male line up to the very first human male. These changes are called mutations. In genetic genealogy two types of mutations are relevant: STR and SNP (pronounced snip). STRs (short tande...
The most important haplogroup that may be a strong predictor of Viking genetic background is I1. But also R1a, R1b, G2, N, and a few others may well point to your Viking roots. SNP that defines I1 haplogroup is M253. It is critical to understand that not all Vikings were I1 and not all I1 were Vikings. I1 was a modification of I that emerged about 27,000 years ago. To be sure, no Vikings were anywhere to be seen at that time. How come it is now believed to predict your Nordic ancestry? Modern Scandinavians essentially belong to I1, R1a and R1b. Haplogroup R1a is found in a lot of other places like Poland, Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Slovakia, Latvia, Lithuania and so on. R1b is also prominent in Ireland, the Scottish Highlands, western Wales, the Atlantic coast of France, the Basque country and Catalonia. I1 is so peculiar because it is thought to be concentrated for a very long time almost exclusively in Scandinavia. Chances are the present-day bearers of I1 outside Scandinavia got i...
Haplogroups have subgroups called subclades. Subclades are branches within haplogroups defined by consecutive new mutations. For a regularly updated complete I1 haplogroup tree with all subclades check this page. Mutations occur once in a certain number of generations. Comparing various genetic profiles, the emergence of some mutations could be located in time and space. This allows to associate certain subclades with Viking activities in various parts of Europe. Here are some subclades that may be pointing to Norse roots outside Scandinavia: I-Y17395 — Scotland. I-M227 — Baltic countries, Russia, Poland, France and southern England. I-Y18103 — Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, and Russia. I-S10891 — Normandy and Britain. I-Y4045 — England and Ireland. I-Y3664 — Schleswig-Holstein, Normandy and Guernsey. I-Y5621 — Normandy and Britain. I-L813 — Britain. R1a-Z284 — Scotland, England and Ireland. Among others, Tom Hanks was found to belong to R1a-Z284.
A good place to start would be learning your haplogroup. This can be done through testing for Y-DNA STR markers. STRs do not directly define haplogroups (SNPs do) but STRs can be used to predict your haplogroup with a high degree of certainty. The more markers are tested, the higher is test quality. Standard sets are 37, 67 and 111 markers. In certain genetic projects also sets of 12 and 25 markers may be tested. The more markers are tested, the higher the price. For the comparison chart, see this page. You may also be eligible for free testing. For the list of projects that offer free tests see this page. I did the testing for 111 markers with Family Tree DNA. My experience with them was very positive. If you order tests from FTDNA, be sure to join their Viking & Invader YDNAproject and make your results available to the project administrators. They may be of help as for understanding your results and choosing what to do next. To learn your exact location on the haplogroup tree, yo...
People who live in Britain and have I1 in their DNA can be quite confident, especially if their paternal name is Norse, that their ancestry is somewhat Viking. Thanks to an interesting part of DNA testing called ‘subclades’, we are able to see where mutations occurred in space and time.
Feb 19, 2021 · Sanmark explained: “The people of the Viking Age did not have family names, but instead used the system of patronymics, where the children were named after their father, or occasionally their...
- Kayleigh Dray
Oct 09, 2019 · So having Viking ancestry, among other things, means a person is a descendant of someone who was born in Scandinavia. However, with respect to our genes, there is no such thing as “stemming from Scandinavia”. We all stem from Africa. But some of us have ancestor lines that passed through Denmark, Norway or Sweden at some point in time.
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Oct 10, 2017 · Many mark the end of the Viking Age in England in 1066. In that year, the Saxon King Harold Godwinson defeated the Norwegian King Harald III at the Battle of Stamford Bridge. But echoes of the Danelaw remain. Place names ending in-howe and -thorp have Norse origins. English words like husband, sky, and window also hark back to Viking times.
Jan 17, 2018 · Do the Normans Really Have Viking Ancestors? By ThorNews on January 17, 2018 • ( 1 ) The Viking Rollo (c. 846 – c. 930 AD), the first Duke of Normandy, was according to the sagas so big that no horse could carry him, hence the nickname “Gange Rolv”, meaning Walking Rolv / Rollo.