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  1. false. natural law states that morality depends on human nature. Define Hume's Argument (argument against moral wisdom) 1) we can know only two sorts of claims: conceptual truths or empirical truths. 2) Moral claims are neither conceptual truths nor empirical truths. 3) Therefore we can have no moral knowledge.

  2. Apr 17, 2002 · While moral realists do not claim that any actual society has or has ever had morality as its actual guide to conduct, “natural law” theories of morality claim that any rational person in any society, even one that has a defective morality, is capable of knowing what general kinds of actions morality prohibits, requires, discourages ...

  3. Aug 1, 1992 · Ethical relativism is the theory that holds that morality is relative to the norms of one's culture. That is, whether an action is right or wrong depends on the moral norms of the society in which it is practiced. The same action may be morally right in one society but be morally wrong in another. For the ethical relativist, there are no ...

  4. Feb 26, 2018 · 1. Defining a basic conundrum. Individual differences are a prime ingredient in the workings of evolutionary natural selection across species. Within-species variation is one of the three necessary and sufficient conditions, recognized since Darwin [], for natural selection to occur; the other two are heritability of trait differences, and differential fitness based on traits.

  5. Mar 8, 2017 · A very popular argument with Christian apologists, including C.S. Lewis, is the argument from morality. According to Lewis, the only valid morality that can exist is an objective one — all subjective conceptions of morality lead to ruin. Furthermore, an authentic objective morality must be grounded in a supernatural reality beyond our world.

  6. Mar 27, 2006 · The traditional values approach to moral absolutes, then, must specify actual moral principles governing behavior, in addition to character traits, if it is to serve as an effective antidote to moral relativism. And so traditional values advocates commonly appeal to moral standards of the past — those standards that served as a moral ...

  7. Cognitive relativism consists of two claims: (1) The truth-value of any statement is always relative to some particular standpoint; (2) No standpoint is metaphysically privileged over all others. The first of these claims asserts the relativity of truth, obviously an essential element in this form of relativism.

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