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  1. Apr 27, 2012 · Relativism assumes that no culture’s ethical values are inherently superior to any other. The essential claim of the cultural relativist is that moral norms are determined by the society in...

    • What Is Relativism?
    • Why Relativism?
    • A Brief History of An Old Idea
    • Varieties of Relativism
    • New Relativism
    • Conclusion

    The label “relativism” has been attached to a wide range of ideas and positions which may explain the lack of consensus on how the term should be defined. The profusion of the use of the term “relativism” in contemporary philosophy means that there is no ready consensus on any one definition. Here are three prominent, but not necessarily incompatib...

    Interest in relativism as a philosophical doctrine goes back to ancient Greece. In more recent decades, however, relativism has also proven popular not only as a philosophical position but also as an idea underwriting a normative—ethical and political-outlook. (see Bloom 1987, in particular the Introduction, and Kusch (ed.) 2019). A number of philo...

    The English term “relativism” came into usage only in the 19th Century. John Grote was probably the first to employ it when in Exploratio Philosophica(1865) he wrote: Its German counterpart, “Relativismus”, has a longer history. Wilhelm Traugott Krug, who succeeded Kant in the University of Königsberg in his philosophical lexicon, defines it as Alt...

    Relativism is discussed under a variety of headings some of which have been more prominent in recent philosophical and cultural debates.

    There is a recent version of relativism according to which some of the views considered so far—for instance, Harman’s (1975) variety of moral relativism—will be regarded varieties of contextualism as opposed to bona fiderelativism. This recent version—sufficiently distinct from the relativisms so far considered that it is deserving of attention in ...

    Relativism comes in a plethora of forms that are themselves grounded in disparate philosophical motivations. There is no such thing as Relativism simpliciter, and no single argument that would establish or refute every relativistic position that has been proposed. Despite this diversity, however, there are commonalities and family resemblances that...

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  3. Jan 23, 2012 · In conclusion, while moral relativism is in many ways a widely held view, when we go beneath the surface we can see that there are insurmountable philosophical problems for the view. Given this ...

  4. Meta-ethical moral relativism states that there are no objective grounds for preferring the moral values of one culture over another. Societies make their moral choices based on their unique beliefs, customs, and practices. And, in fact, people tend to believe that the “right” moral values are the values that exist in their own culture.

  5. Oct 16, 2019 · For moral relativism to be a potential problem, there must be people who believe in it. Many people. In recent years, an increasing number of psychologists have wondered just how relativist ...

  6. Apr 14, 2007 · David B. Wong, Natural Moralities: A Defense of Pluralistic Relativism, Oxford University Press, 2006, 312pp., $45.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780195305395. Reviewed by Christopher W. Gowans, Fordham University 2007.04.14 Professor David Wong is one of the few philosophers who explicitly advocate a form of moral relativism.