Jerusalem was recaptured by Saladin on 2 October 1187, and the Dome of the Rock was reconsecrated as a Muslim shrine. The cross on top of the dome was replaced by a crescent, and a wooden screen was placed around the rock below.
Dome of the Rock, whose golden dome has become the iconic symbol of Jerusalem, is an Islamic shrine on the Temple Mount of Jerusalem's old city. For 1,300 years, the Dome of the Rock served as a flag of victory for whoever conquered this city.
Interior view of the Dome of the Rock (Qubbat al-Sakhra), Umayyad, stone masonry, wooden roof, decorated with glazed ceramic tile, mosaics, and gilt aluminum and bronze dome, 691-92, with multiple renovations, patron the Caliph Abd al-Malik, Jerusalem (photo: Virtutepetens, CC BY-SA 4.0)
Dome of the Rock, shrine in Jerusalem built in the late 7th century CE that is the oldest extant Islamic monument in the world, believed to be the site of Muhammad’s ascent to heaven (the Mi‘raj). Its structure and ornamentation are rooted in the Byzantine architectural tradition.
The Temple Mount is the trapezoid-shaped, walled-in area in the southeastern corner of the Old City of Jerusalem.The four walls surrounding it date back – at least in their lower parts – to the time of the Second Jewish Temple, built at the end of first century BCE These huge supporting walls, partly buried underground, were built around the summit of the eastern hill identified as Mount ...
In 1187, once he retook Jerusalem, Saladin removed all traces of Christian worship from the Temple Mount, returning the Dome of the Rock and the Al-Aqsa Mosque to their original purposes. It remained in Muslim hands thereafter, even during the relatively short periods of Crusader rule following the Sixth Crusade .
Ibn Battuta would have studied like the students in the painting below. (It is a painting of a Muslim school built in Jerusalem in 1329 near the time of Ibn Battuta's stay.) Notice that the students sit around a wise or holy man and learn from him and read from the Koran held in a bookstand.