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      • Doxycycline is a broad-spectrum antibiotic, of the tetracycline class. Like other agents of this class, it either slows or kills bacteria by inhibiting protein production. It kills malaria by targeting a plastid organelle, the apicoplast. Doxycycline was patented in 1957 and came into commercial use in 1967.,1957%20and%20came%20into%20commercial%20use%20in%201967.
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  2. Doxycycline - Wikipedia

    4 days ago · Doxycyclineis a broad-spectrumtetracycline-class antibioticused in the treatment of infections caused by bacteriaand certain parasites. It is used to treat bacterial pneumonia, acne, chlamydia infections, early Lyme disease, cholera, typhus, and syphilis. It is also used to prevent malariaand in combination with quinine, to treat malaria.

    • C₂₂H₂₄N₂O₈
    • AU: D, US: D (Evidence of risk)
    • Negligible
    • Doryx, Doxyhexal, Doxylin among others
  3. Tetracycline antibiotics - Wikipedia

    5 days ago · Doxycycline is also used as a prophylactic treatment for infection by Bacillus anthracis and is effective against Yersinia pestis, the infectious agent of bubonic plague. It is also used for malaria treatment and prophylaxis, as well as treating elephantitis filariasis.

  4. Minocycline - Wikipedia

    4 days ago · From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Minocycline, sold under the brand name Minocin among others, is a tetracycline antibiotic used to treat a number of bacterial infections such as pneumonia. It is generally less preferred than the tetracycline doxycycline. It is also used for the treatment of acne and rheumatoid arthritis.

    • C₂₃H₂₇N₃O₇
    • Minocin, Minomycin, Akamin, others
    • AU: D, US: D (Evidence of risk)
    • Liver
  5. Oxytetracycline - Wikipedia

    4 days ago · From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Oxytetracycline was the second of the broad-spectrum tetracycline group of antibiotics to be discovered. Oxytetracycline works by interfering with the ability of bacteria to produce essential proteins. Without these proteins, the bacteria cannot grow, multiply and increase in numbers.

    • C₂₂H₂₄N₂O₉
    • Kidney
  6. Leptospirosis - Wikipedia

    5 days ago · The antibiotic doxycycline is effective in preventing leptospirosis infection. Human vaccines are of limited usefulness; vaccines for other animals are more widely available. Treatment when infected is with antibiotics such as doxycycline, penicillin, or ceftriaxone. The overall risk of death is 5–10%.

  7. Orbital Lymphangioma - EyeWiki
    • Disease Entity
    • Diagnosis
    • Management
    • References


    Lymphangiomas are multi-cystic, localized malformations that involve the lymphatic and vascular systems, most commonly occurring in the head and neck region of pediatric patients.


    The prevalence of lymphangiomas has been estimated to be 1.1 to 5.3 cases per 10,000 live births. However, the prevalence appears to be higher when the studies include live-births, terminated pregnancies, and still-births: then, the estimate is 30 cases per 10,000. Lymphangiomas represent around 4% of all vascular tumors and approximately 25% of benign pediatric vascular tumors.Orbital lymphangiomas have a prevalence of 1.1 to 5.3 cases per 10,000 live births with an equal incidence between m...


    Lymphangiomas can be classified in three ways: blood flow type, vascular lesion type, cyst size and depth. These characterizations are helpful in predicting what forms of treatment may be successful. The blood flow classification system was developed by the International Orbital Society (Table 1). In this classification system, vascular malformations are separated into three distinct categories based on blood flow. 1. No Flow Malformations (Type 1) 2. Venous Flow Malformations (Type 2) 3. Art...

    Clinical Presentation

    For orbital lymphangiomas, presentation is usually in childhood; 43% are diagnosed before the age of 6 years old and 60% before the age of 16 years old. The most frequent presenting features of orbital lymphangiomas are proptosis and ptosis of the affected eye. Other presentations include periocular mass and physical disfigurement, restriction of extraocular movements, mechanical blepharoptosis, and compressive optic neuropathy. In a retrospective study of 26 patients with orbital lymphangiom...

    Diagnostic Procedures

    Diagnosis is based on clinical presentation and radiologic findings. CT scan demonstrates cyst-like masses with varying degrees of enhancement along with rim enhancement of cysts with hemorrhage. On MRI, orbital lymphangiomas are generally isointense on T1-weighted images and hyperintense on T2 images, often with a presence of internal septations within the lesion. Pathognomonic findings include multiple cysts with air-fluid levels . Radiology aids in diagnosis of lymphangioma and allows asse...

    Differential diagnosis

    The differential diagnosis for orbital lymphangioma encompasses the differential for an orbital mass including: Vascular: 1. Cavernous hemangioma 2. Hemangiopericytoma 3. Lymphangioma / Lymphatic Malformation 4. Venous malformation 5. Arterio-venous fistula 6. Orbital hemorrhage Neural: 1. Schwannoma 2. Meningioma 3. Optic nerve glioma 4. Neurofibroma Malignant / Metastasis: 1. Lymphoma 2. Metastasis from lung cancer, breast cancer, prostate cancer, neuroblastoma, and leukemia

    The major management options fall into one of four categories: observation, intralesional sclerosant injection, systemic medication, and surgery. There are risk and benefits to all four treatment types and no clear gold standard. Currently, there are no randomized controlled trials comparing the various medical or surgical therapies used to treat this condition.

    ↑ Jump up to: 1.0 1.1 Forrester MB, Merz RD: Descriptive epidemiology of cystic hygroma: Hawaii, 1986 to 1999. South Med J 97:631-6, 2004
    Jump up ↑ Grasso DL, Pelizzo G, Zocconi E, et al: Lymphangiomas of the head and neck in children. Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital 28:17-20, 2008
    ↑ Jump up to: 3.0 3.1 Nassiri N, Rootman J, Rootman DB, et al: Orbital lymphaticovenous malformations: Current and future treatments. Surv Ophthalmol 60:383-405, 2015
    Jump up ↑ Harris GJ: Orbital vascular malformations: a consensus statement on terminology and its clinical implications. Orbital Society. Am J Ophthalmol 127:453-5, 1999
  8. Tetracycline - Wikipedia

    4 days ago · Tetracycline, sold under the brand name Sumycin among others, is an antibiotic used to treat a number of infections. This includes acne, cholera, brucellosis, plague, malaria, and syphilis. It is taken by mouth. Common side effects include vomiting, diarrhea, rash, and loss of appetite.

  9. How Effective Is Doxycycline for UTI? (with pictures)

    2 days ago · While doxycycline is considered effective for a UTI, side effects can include a burning sensation in the throat. Usually, taking doxycycline for UTI treatment is the most effective when it is taken in doses of 100 milligrams (mg) to 200 mg each day. Children often take lower doses, based on their body weight.

  10. Lyme disease - Wikipedia

    3 days ago · If the removed tick was full of blood, a single dose of doxycycline may be used to prevent development of infection, but is not generally recommended since development of infection is rare. If an infection develops, a number of antibiotics are effective, including doxycycline, amoxicillin, and cefuroxime.

  11. 5 days ago · 조기 국소 감염이 있는 대부분의 사람들에게 doxycycline의 경구 투여는 보렐리아 박테리아뿐만 아니라 진드기가 옮기는 다양한 질병에도 효과가 있으므로 가장 우선시되는 치료 선택으로 널리 권장되고 있다. doxycycline을 복용하는 사람들은 햇볕에 그을릴 위험이 ...