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  1. The Dravidian languages are first attested in the 2nd century BCE as Tamil-Brahmi script inscribed on the cave walls in the Madurai and Tirunelveli districts of Tamil Nadu. The Dravidian languages with the most speakers are (in descending order of number of speakers) Telugu, Tamil, Kannada and Malayalam, all of which have long literary traditions.

    Dravidian languages - Wikipedia
  2. Dravidian languages - Wikipedia

    The Dravidian languages are first attested in the 2nd century BCE as Tamil-Brahmi script inscribed on the cave walls in the Madurai and Tirunelveli districts of Tamil Nadu. The Dravidian languages with the most speakers are (in descending order of number of speakers) Telugu, Tamil, Kannada and Malayalam, all of which have long literary traditions.

    • Northern, Central, South-Central, Southern
    • One of the world's primary language families
    • Dravidian Language Family
    • Srinivas speaking Bijapur Kannada | Dravidian languages | WIKITONGUES
    • Dravidian Languages (India) Book Review - India - Phrasebook
    • Did Dravidian Languages Evolve from Sanskrit? Discovery Book Review/Culture-Tongue of Southern India
  3. Dravidian languages | History, Grammar, Map, & Facts | Britannica

    Dravidian languages, family of some 70 languages spoken primarily in South Asia. The Dravidian languages are spoken by more than 215 million people in India, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. They are divided into South, South-Central, Central, and North groups; these groups are further organized into 24 subgroups.

  4. Dravidian languages - Literary languages | Britannica

    Dravidian languages - Dravidian languages - Literary languages: Of the four literary languages in the Dravidian family, Tamil is the oldest, with examples dating to the early Common Era. In the early 21st century, Tamil was spoken by more than 66 million people, mostly residing in India, northern Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Singapore, Mauritius, Fiji, and Myanmar (Burma). The first known work in the ...

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  6. Dravidian languages - Simple English Wikipedia, the free ...

    Dravidian languages were probably spoken over a larger area of the Indian subcontinent in the past. There are several ethnic groups in India known as "Scheduled Tribes" who still speak their own Dravidian languages. Brahui, with 2,200,000 speakers, is a Dravidian language spoken in the Balochistan region of Pakistan and Afghanistan. Dhangar ...

    • One of the world's major language families
    • South Asia, mostly South India
  7. Dravidian Languages: Origins & Family |
    • Where Are The Dravidian Languages spoken?
    • Primary Languages in The Dravidian Family
    • Origin and History of The Dravidian Languages

    As you travel farther and farther south in India, you will begin to hear people speak a totally different type of language from that spoken in the northern and central areas. The people of southern India primarily speak one of several languages that form a family of very ancient languages whose origins are shrouded in mystery. Collectively, these languages make up the Dravidian language family. The Dravidian language family is not closely related to other languages spoken in other parts of th...

    Although there are more than 70 individual languages that make up the Dravidian language family, the most commonly spoken are Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, and Malayalam. These are all official state languages of India, and have a long, well documented history. The oldest existing document written in Tamil dates to sometime between the 1st and 4th centuries CE, but this document references a long and rich literary history in the language that has since been lost, so we know that a written Dravidian...

    Where did the Dravidian languages come from? This turns out to be a difficult question to answer. Dravidian languages have existed in the Indian subcontinent for a long, long time, and they don't seem to be closely related to any other major language family. They are certainly not derived from the same source as the other major languages spoken in India, whose origins are more clearly understood. Are they indigenous to India or were they brought there in ancient times by people who moved into...

  8. Dravidian Language Family - Structure & Dialects - MustGo
    • Status
    • Dialects
    • Structure

    Tamil, Malayalam, Telugu, and Kannada are four of the 22 official languagesand 14 regional languages of India. They are used in administration, education, business, and the media. All four possess a great wealth of written texts. All four have accommodated social, political, technical, and economic changes that occurred in 20th-century India.

    The dialects of Dravidian languages have evolved along several dimensions: 1. geographic.e.g., Malayalam has 10 distinct regional varieties 2. religious, e.g., there may be differences in the speech of Christians, Hindus, and Muslims within a single geographic area 3. caste-based, e.g., among the Hindus, the speech of members of the highest caste differs from that of members of a medium-high caste, and these, in turn, differ from the speech of members of the low caste 4. diglossic, e.g., the speech of the educated elite may be characterized by a greater degree of code-switching between the indigenous language and English 5. formal vs. informal,e..g, the formal style is used in most writing as well as in radio and TV programs, and in public speaking, whereas the informal style is used for daily spoken communication

    Sound system

    Despite some differences, the sound systems of Dravidian languages share some common features.


    All Dravidian languages are agglutinative, i.e., i.e., grammatical relations are indicated by the addition of suffixes to stems. These are strung together one after another, resulting on occasion in very long words. Like all agglutinative languages, Dravidian languages use postpositions rather than prepositions to mark grammatical relations. Nouns 1. There are two numbers: singular and plural. Plural is marked by a suffixes. 2. The number of cases varies from language to language. 3. There ar...


    The most important sources of early loanwords in Dravidian languages have been Sanskrit, Pali, and Prakrit. Different Dravidian languages borrowed words from neighboring Indo-Aryan languages spoken in India to differing degrees. For instance, Tamil has the lowest number of Indo-Aryan loanwords, while in Malayalam and Telugu the percentage of loanwords is substantially higher. In modern times, Dravidian language borrowed from Urdu, Portuguese, and English. In Tamil, there is currently a moveme...

  9. List of Dravidian Languages | Article about List of Dravidian ...

    Dravidian languages (drəvĭd`ēən), family of about 23 languages that appears to be unrelated to any other known language family.The Dravidian languages are spoken by more than 200 million people, living chiefly in S and central India and N Sri Lanka.

  10. All In The Language Family: The Dravidian Languages

    Jul 17, 2020 · The mysterious Dravidian language family… will we ever know where it came from? Here we explore these South East Asian languages.

  11. Dravidian peoples - New World Encyclopedia
    • Dravidian Peoples
    • Origins
    • Genetic Anthropology
    • Political Ramification
    • See Also
    • References
    • External Links
    Brahui people: People belonging to the north-Dravidian subgroup, mostly found in the Balochistan province of Pakistan. They now culturally and ethnically largely resemble the Balochi people around...
    Kurukh: People belonging to the north-Dravidian subgroup. Found in India and Bangladesh, the only Dravidian language indigenous in Bangladesh.
    Khonds: Tribal people who speak the Dravidian Kui language. Mostly found in the eastern Indian states of Orissa and Andhra Pradesh.
    Gond people: A prominent group of Dravidian-speaking tribalpeople inhabiting the central region of India.

    The circumstances of the advent of Dravidian speakers in India have been an enigma. Vague linguistic and cultural ties exist with the Urals, with the Mediterranean area, and with Iran. Possibly a Dravidian-speaking people described as dolichocephalic (long-headed from front to back) Mediterraneans mixed with brachycephalic (short-headed from front to back) Armenoids and established themselves in northwestern India during the fourth millennium B.C.E.Along their route, those immigrants may have come into an intimate, prolonged contact with the Ural-Altaic speakers, thus explaining the striking affinities between the Dravidian and Ural-Altaic language groups. Origins of Dravidian people are informed by various theories proposed by linguists, anthropologists, geneticist and historians. According to geneticist Luigi Luca Cavalli-Sforza in the book The History and Geography of Human Genes, the Dravidians were preceded in the subcontinent by an Austro-Asiatic people, and were followed by I...

    Genetic views on race differ in their classification of Dravidians. Classical anthropologists, such as Carleton S. Coon in his 1939 work The Races of Europe, argued that Ethiopia in Northeast Africa and India in South Asia represented the outermost peripheries of the Caucasoid race. In the 1960s, genetic anthropologist Stanley Marion Garn considered the entirety of the Indian subcontinent to be a "race" genetically distinct from other populations. Luigi Luca Cavalli-Sforza, based on work done in the 1980s, classified Indians as being genetically Caucasian, finding Indians to be about three times closer to West Europeans than to East Asians.Others, such as Lynn B. Jorde and Stephen P. Wooding, claim South Indians are genetic intermediaries between Europeans and East Asians. While a number of earlier anthropologists held the view that the Dravidian peoples together were a distinct race, a small number of genetic studies based on uniparental markers have challenged this view. Some rese...


    Some Indians believe that the British Rajexaggerated differences between northern and southern Indians beyond linguistic differences to help sustain their control of India. The British Raj ended in 1947, yet all discussion of Aryan or Dravidian "races" remains highly controversial in India. That the British used that only as their "Divide and rule" blueprint for taking over the region has become widely believed. According to that view, the British also used that "theory" of perceived differen...

    Sri Lanka

    In Sri Lanka, the view that the majority Sinhalese and minority Tamilsbelong to two different ethnic and linguistic families have further complicated the current ethnic conflict and the civil war. Sinhalese (like Dhivehi) constitutes an Indo-Aryan language that exists in the southern part of South Asia.

    Bryant, Edwin, and Laurie L. Patton. The Indo-Aryan Controversy: Evidence and Inference in Indian History. London: Routledge, 2005. ISBN 978-0700714629
    Burrow, T., and M. B. Emeneau. A Dravidian Etymological Dictionary. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1961. ISBN 978-8121508568
    Caldwell, Robert. A Comparative Grammar of the Dravidian or South-Indian Family of Languages. Nabu Press, 2010. ISBN 978-1171739982
    Erdosy, George. The Indo-Aryans of Ancient South Asia: Language, Material Culture and Ethnicity. Berlin: de Gruyter, 1995. ISBN 978-3110144475

    All links retrieved October 10, 2017. 1. India and Egypt. 2. Aryans and Dravidians - A controversial issue

  12. Brahui language, alphabet and pronunciation
    • Latin Alphabet For Brahui
    • Sample Text
    • Links
    • Dravidian Languages
    • Languages Written with The Arabic Script

    Download an alphabet chart for Brahui(Excel) Information about Brahui pronunciation supplied by Wolfram Siegel and Michael Peter Füstumum Brahui is quite distantly related to other Dravidian Languages. Geographically Brahui is an outlier. The major Dravidian Languages are spoken mainly in southern India. Some cognates between Brahui and other Dravidian Languages exist: Information supplied by Krishna Rao

    Arabic alphabet

    مُچَّا اِنسَاںک آجو او اِزَّت نَا رِد اَٹ بَرےبَر وَدِى مَسُّنو. اوفتے پُهِى او دَلِىل رَسےںگَانے. اَندَادے وفتے اَسِ اےلو تون اِىلُمِى اے وَدِّفوئِى اے.

    Latin alphabet

    Muccá insáńk ájo o izzat ná rid aŧ barebar vadí massuno. Ofte puhí o dalíl raseńgáne. andáde ofte asi elo ton ílumí e vaddifoí e. Brahui version provided by Professor Liaqat Sani of the Brahui Language Board, from the University of Quetta in Baluchistan. Arabic script version provided by Michael Peter Füstumum


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    Information about BrahuiБрауи Brahui Language Board

    Badaga, Brahui, Dhundari, Gondi, Irula, Jatapu, Kannada, Kodava, Kolam, Konda, Koya, Kurukh, Malayalam, Mukha Dora, Ravula, Sankethi, Savara, Sunuwar, Suriyani Malayalam, Tamil, Telugu, Toda, Tulu, Yerukula

    Adamaua Fulfulde, Afrikaans, Arabic (Algerian), Arabic (Egyptian), Arabic (Lebanese), Arabic (Modern Standard), Arabic (Moroccan), Arabic (Syrian), Arabic (Tunisian), Arwi, Äynu, Azeri, Balti, Baluchi, Beja, Bosnian, Brahui, Chagatai, Chechen, Comorian, Crimean Tatar, Dargwa, Dari, Domari, Gilaki, Hausa, Hazaragi, Kabyle, Karakalpak, Konkani, Kashmiri, Kazakh, Khowar, Khorasani Turkic, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lezgi, Luri, Malay, Marwari, Mandekan, Mazandarani, Morisco, Mozarabic, Palula, Pashto, Persian/Farsi, Punjabi, Qashqai, Rajasthani, Rohingya, Salar, Saraiki, Serer, Shabaki, Shina, Shughni, Sindhi, Somali, Tatar, Tausūg, Torwali, Turkish, Urdu, Uyghur, Uzbek, Wakhi, Wolof If you need to type in many different languages, the Q International Keyboardcan help. It enables you to type almost any language that uses the Latin, Cyrillic or Greek alphabets, and is free. If you like this site and find it useful, you can support it by making a donation via PayPal or Patreon, or by contributing...