The Dravidian languages are first attested in the 2nd century BCE as Tamil-Brahmi script inscribed on the cave walls in the Madurai and Tirunelveli districts of Tamil Nadu. The Dravidian languages with the most speakers are (in descending order of number of speakers) Telugu, Tamil, Kannada and Malayalam, all of which have long literary traditions.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dravidian_languages
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The Dravidian languages are first attested in the 2nd century BCE as Tamil-Brahmi script inscribed on the cave walls in the Madurai and Tirunelveli districts of Tamil Nadu. The Dravidian languages with the most speakers are (in descending order of number of speakers) Telugu, Tamil, Kannada and Malayalam, all of which have long literary traditions.
Dravidian languages, family of some 70 languages spoken primarily in South Asia. The Dravidian languages are spoken by more than 215 million people in India, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. They are divided into South, South-Central, Central, and North groups; these groups are further organized into 24 subgroups.
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Dravidian languages (drəvĭd`ēən), family of about 23 languages that appears to be unrelated to any other known language family.The Dravidian languages are spoken by more than 200 million people, living chiefly in S and central India and N Sri Lanka.
- Where Are The Dravidian Languages spoken?
- Primary Languages in The Dravidian Family
- Origin and History of The Dravidian Languages
As you travel farther and farther south in India, you will begin to hear people speak a totally different type of language from that spoken in the northern and central areas. The people of southern India primarily speak one of several languages that form a family of very ancient languages whose origins are shrouded in mystery. Collectively, these languages make up the Dravidian language family. The Dravidian language family is not closely related to other languages spoken in other parts of th...
Although there are more than 70 individual languages that make up the Dravidian language family, the most commonly spoken are Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, and Malayalam. These are all official state languages of India, and have a long, well documented history. The oldest existing document written in Tamil dates to sometime between the 1st and 4th centuries CE, but this document references a long and rich literary history in the language that has since been lost, so we know that a written Dravidian...
Where did the Dravidian languages come from? This turns out to be a difficult question to answer. Dravidian languages have existed in the Indian subcontinent for a long, long time, and they don't seem to be closely related to any other major language family. They are certainly not derived from the same source as the other major languages spoken in India, whose origins are more clearly understood. Are they indigenous to India or were they brought there in ancient times by people who moved into...
Dravidian languages were probably spoken over a larger area of the Indian subcontinent in the past. There are several ethnic groups in India known as "Scheduled Tribes" who still speak their own Dravidian languages. Brahui, with 2,200,000 speakers, is a Dravidian language spoken in the Balochistan region of Pakistan and Afghanistan. Dhangar ...
Tamil, Malayalam, Telugu, and Kannada are four of the 22 official languagesand 14 regional languages of India. They are used in administration, education, business, and the media. All four possess a great wealth of written texts. All four have accommodated social, political, technical, and economic changes that occurred in 20th-century India.
The dialects of Dravidian languages have evolved along several dimensions: 1. geographic.e.g., Malayalam has 10 distinct regional varieties 2. religious, e.g., there may be differences in the speech of Christians, Hindus, and Muslims within a single geographic area 3. caste-based, e.g., among the Hindus, the speech of members of the highest caste differs from that of members of a medium-high caste, and these, in turn, differ from the speech of members of the low caste 4. diglossic, e.g., the speech of the educated elite may be characterized by a greater degree of code-switching between the indigenous language and English 5. formal vs. informal,e..g, the formal style is used in most writing as well as in radio and TV programs, and in public speaking, whereas the informal style is used for daily spoken communication
Despite some differences, the sound systems of Dravidian languages share some common features.
All Dravidian languages are agglutinative, i.e., i.e., grammatical relations are indicated by the addition of suffixes to stems. These are strung together one after another, resulting on occasion in very long words. Like all agglutinative languages, Dravidian languages use postpositions rather than prepositions to mark grammatical relations. Nouns 1. There are two numbers: singular and plural. Plural is marked by a suffixes. 2. The number of cases varies from language to language. 3. There ar...
The most important sources of early loanwords in Dravidian languages have been Sanskrit, Pali, and Prakrit. Different Dravidian languages borrowed words from neighboring Indo-Aryan languages spoken in India to differing degrees. For instance, Tamil has the lowest number of Indo-Aryan loanwords, while in Malayalam and Telugu the percentage of loanwords is substantially higher. In modern times, Dravidian language borrowed from Urdu, Portuguese, and English. In Tamil, there is currently a moveme...
Dravidian languages - Dravidian languages - Literary languages: Of the four literary languages in the Dravidian family, Tamil is the oldest, with examples dating to the early Common Era. In the early 21st century, Tamil was spoken by more than 66 million people, mostly residing in India, northern Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Singapore, Mauritius, Fiji, and Myanmar (Burma). The first known work in the ...
Dravidian substrate. The Dravidian language influenced the Indo-Aryan languages. Dravidian languages show extensive lexical (vocabulary) borrowing, but only a few traits of structural (either phonological or grammatical) borrowing from Indo-Aryan, whereas Indo-Aryan shows more structural than lexical borrowings from the Dravidian languages.