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  1. prince Konrad I of Masovia (House of Piast) (1187 - 1247 ...

    1.Boleslaw I of Masovia (c. 1210 - 17 April 1248), Duke of Masovia (1247—1248) 2.Casimir I of Kuyavia (born between 1210 and 1213 - died 14 Dec 1267) Prince of Kuyavia (1247–1267) 3.Siemowit I of Masovia (c.1213 - 24 June 1262), succeeded eldest brother as Duke of Masovia (1248–1262)

  2. Siemowit IV, duke of Masovia - geni family tree

    Sep 18, 2020 · He was the second son of Siemowit III, Duke of Masovia and his first wife Euphemia, daughter of Nicholas II of Opava. ZIEMOWIT (before 1352-5 Dec 1425). He succeeded as Prince of Plock and Kujavia.

  3. Jargon Software - Wikipedia

    Jargon Software Inc. is a computer software development company that specializes in development and deployment tools and business applications for mobile handheld devices such as Pocket PC and Symbol PDA devices. The company is based in Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, and is a privately held Minnesota corporation. It markets its products ...

  4. Rawa Mazowiecka - Wikipedia

    Rawa Mazowiecka was first mentioned as a medieval gord, probably located on one of the local hills. In 1321, it received town charter, and in 1355-1370, a brick castle of Mazovian Dukes was built here. During the reign of Siemowit III, Duke of Masovia, Rawa was the capital of the whole Duchy of Mazovia.

    • Rawa Mazowiecka (urban gmina)
    • Rawa
  5. The Teutonic Order: How a Hospice for Pilgrims Turned into a ...
    • Origins of The Teutonic Order
    • Influence of The Teutonic Knights
    • Under The Sovereignty of The Pope
    • Changes in The Teutonic Order

    The origins of the Teutonic Order may be traced back to the middle of the 12th century. In 1143, the Hospitallerswere ordered by Pope Celestine II to take over the running of the German Hospital in Jerusalem. This hospital had been set up to cater to the pilgrims and crusaders from Germany who were neither able to speak French (the local language) nor Latin. Although the hospital was to be managed by the Hospitallers, the prior and the brothers of the hospitals themselves should be Germans. This arrangement allowed the tradition of a German-led religious institute to develop in the Holy Land. Tannhäuser, a German Minnesinger and poet, in the habit of the Teutonic Knights, from the ‘Codex Manesse’. ( Public Domain ) Jerusalem fell in 1187, and the first significant counter-attack by the crusaders against the Muslims was the Siege of Acre, which began two years later. It was during this siege that some merchants from Lübeck and Bremen, inspired by the German Hospital, decided to run a...

    In 1220, the knights purchased Montfort (Starkenberg), a castle to the northeast of Acre, and set up their headquarters there. The castle was held by the Teutonic Order until 1271, when it fell to the Mamluks. The prestige of the Teutonic Knights increased under Hermann von Salza, the fourth Grandmaster of the Teutonic Order, and a close friend of the Holy Roman Empire Frederick II. When the emperor was crowned as King of Jerusalem in 1225, for instance, the Teutonic knights served as his escort to the Church of the Holy Sepulchre , and the grandmaster read the emperor’s proclamation in both French and German. Nevertheless, the Teutonic Knights were not as influential as the Templarsand Hospitallers in the Holy Land. Hermann von Salza, the fourth Grandmaster of the Teutonic Order. ( Public Domain ) Instead, the Teutonic Order had a much greater impact on Europe, specifically in the region along the Baltic Sea, where they established an independent monastic state during the Northern...

    From Hungary, the Teutonic Knights moved to the Baltic, where a new opportunity presented itself. In 1217, Pope Honorius III had called for a crusade against the pagan Prussians, and one of the rulers who responded was Konrad I, the Duke of Masovia. By 1225, the Prussians had gained the upper hand, and were raiding across the northern border of Masovia. In 1226, Konrad appealed to the Teutonic Knights to come to his aid. von Salza saw Prussia as a perfect training ground for his knights in preparation for further crusades against the Muslims in the Holy Land. But the grandmaster had also learned from his mistake in Hungary and took precaution to prevent its repetition. ‘Frederick II allows the order to invade Prussia’ , by P. Janssen. ( Public Domain ) As a result, the Golden Bull of Rimini was obtained from the Holy Roman Emperor. Under the bull, the emperor acknowledged the order’s ownership of the lands granted to them by Konrad, as well as territory that they conquered from the...

    In about half a century, Prussia was conquered by the knights and became part of the State of the Teutonic Order. This monastic state lasted until 1525, and during its three centuries of existence it played an important role in the politics of the region. ‘Teutonic Knight entering Malbork Castle / Entering of the knights in the Marienburg (study)’ (1884) by Carl Steffeck. ( Public Domain ) The decline of this monastic state began during the 15th century, when they were decisively defeated by a Polish-Lithuanian army at the Battle of Grunwald in 1410. The order was further weakened by internal conflicts and the Prussians began to revolt against the order. In 1525, the Order lost all its Prussian lands, marking the end of the State of the Teutonic Order. However, they still possessed land within the Holy Roman Empire. Battle of Grunwald. ( CC BY SA 3.0 ) The knights continued to play a military role in the Holy Roman Empire until 1809, when the order was dissolved by Napoleon. Neverth...

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  6. Łowicz - Wikipedia

    Located on the border between the Kingdom of Poland and the Duchy of Masovia, it remained under firm control of the Gniezno Archbishops. In the mid-14th century Lowicz, together with 111 adjacent villages, was the biggest church property in Poland. On May 17, 1359, Siemowit III, Duke of Masovia confirmed the ownership of Lowicz by the Gniezno ...

  7. 42 Heartbreaking Facts About Queen Jadwiga, The Tragic Ruler

    She desperately tried to make a deal where Jadwiga would spend three extra years in Hungary, hoping to hold onto her daughter. Sadly, this deal fell apart as contenders for the throne rose up. The Polish nobles threatened to elect the popular and charismatic Duke of Masovia.

  8. Martin of Golin - William Urban - Lituanus

    The constant discouragement had caused the Polish duke of Masovia to call upon a German crusading order in 1226. The Teutonic Knights were monks of noble ancestry, trained as knights and dedicated to fighting the enemies of the Church.

  9. ernest, duke of austria -

    Duke Ernest and Cimburgis of Masovia Antoni Boys (called Anton Waiss): Cymburgis of Masovia, historicizing painting, between 1579 and 1587 Ernest has an important place in the history of the dynasty for two reasons: in 1414 Ernest first refers to himself as archduke in a document.

  10. Grand Duchy of Lithuania - Wikipedia

    The Grand Duchy of Lithuania was a European state that lasted from the 13th century to 1795, when the territory was partitioned among the Russian Empire, the Kingdom of Prussia and Austria. The state was founded by the Lithuanians , a polytheistic nation born from several united Baltic tribes from Aukštaitija .