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  1. Nov 8, 2022 · Scotus says that all the souls that were ever created and about to be created could not, cannot and never will measure up to the supreme love that Christ has for the Trinity. The very fact of the preconception of the Incarnation in Scotus’ thought means that we are co-heirs to this Trinitarian love that Christ has.

    • The Dominant View of The Incarnation
    • John Duns SCOTUS’ Alternative View
    • The Argument from Orderly Willing
    • The Argument from Wrongful Rejoicing
    • The Primacy of Christ and Christmas
    • Biography

    This apparent consensus is entirely understandable. The argument that the Incarnation occurred to redeem humanity from sinfulness is very common. Close reading of representative classical sources, in fact, hones it to an even more specific claim: Human sinfulness is not only a sufficient condition for the Incarnation; it is also a necessary conditi...

    Nevertheless, there is another interpretation of the Incarnation’s purpose I want to present here. While a decidedly minority doctrine in the Church overall, it lies at the heart of Franciscan incarnational theology and is set forth most fully in the writings of John Duns Scotus (1266-1308). Rightly given the accolade Doctor Subtilis for the intric...

    Scotus derives the Incarnation’s purpose most substantially from his understanding of God’s nature. Specifically, he draws out implications from the ontological claim that God, being simple and omniscient, wills in an entirely rational, orderly manner. One aspect of orderly willing is to first will an end, followed by willing the means that most ef...

    Scotus also offers a moral argument, in the form of a reductio ad absurdum, to support his view of the Incarnation. This one also rests on a set of intuitively clear premises. First, we are to respond with rejoicing to the occurrence of the Incarnation (cf. Luke 2:8-20). Next, it is morally wrong to rejoice at occasions of misfortune and sorrow suf...

    Overall, Scotus sees the Incarnation as the highest expression of God’s infinite freedom. God’s greatest ad extra work, the glorification of Christ in the world, is not caused by anything external to God’s nature or purpose. The coming of the Word in human flesh and dwelling among us is the result of God’s intention held prior to, and thus higher t...

    Brother Columba SSF is a novice in the Society of Saint Francis, an Episcopal Franciscan order. He lives in San Francisco and serves as a hospice chaplain.

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  3. Dec 27, 2014 · Although Duns Scotus was aware that in fact, because of original sin, Christ redeemed us with his Passion, Death and Resurrection, he reaffirmed that the Incarnation is the greatest and most ...

    • Frank Weathers
  4. John Duns Scotus. Bl. John Duns Scotus was born in Duns, Berwickshire, Scotland, around 1265. He was immediately baptized after birth and was named after St. John the Evangelist. He grew up a good boy, healthy and pure like a little angel. He received a solid Christian formation from home and from the parish priest.

  5. Dec 13, 2022 · Interest in Scotus has revived somewhat in part due to his beatification by Pope St. John Paul II, who called him the “defender of the Immaculate Conception” and “minstrel of the Incarnation”.

  6. Jul 7, 2010 · Wednesday, 7 July 2010. John Duns Scotus. Dear Brothers and Sisters, This morning, after several Catecheses on various great theologians, I would like to present to you another important figure in the history of theology. He is Blessed John Duns Scotus, who lived at the end of the 13th century. An ancient epitaph on his tombstone sums up the ...

  7. Feb 28, 2024 · Blessed John Duns Scotus (born c. 1266, Duns, Lothian [now in Scottish Borders], Scotland—died November 8, 1308, Cologne [Germany]; beatified March 20, 1993) was an influential Franciscan realist philosopher and Scholastic theologian who pioneered the classical defense of the doctrine that Mary, the mother of Jesus, was conceived without original sin (the Immaculate Conception).

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